Tag: "alertness" at medical news

New Short-Acting Anesthetics Cut Recovery Time

...s, which allow patients to regain consciousnessand alertness within minutes. His team found that 15 to 40 percent of patientswho underwent outpatient surgery with new anesthetics were safely able to bypassthe recovery room altogether, up from two percent or less before the study. Speeding recovery time not onl...

New Way To Make Astronauts Sleep

...ve resorted to sleepingpills, but these can affect alertness and reaction time. So for the past sixyears, NASA has given its astronauts melatonin, a hormone released by the bodyduring darkness that makes us feel sleepy. Charles Czeisler of Harvard Medical School in Boston knew that melatoninpills onl...

American Home Products announces FDA approval for Sonata (Zaleplon): A breakthrough approach to treat insomnia

...y should not engage in activities requiring mental alertness or motorcoordination (e.g., driving or operating machinery). Sonata will be available in 5-mg and 10-mg capsules. The recommended dosefor most nonelderly adults (less than age 65) is one 10-mg capsule; elderlypatients are advised to take one...

Cutting-edge research on nicotine and mind alertness, topical migraine treatment, nursing home under treatment, and more to be presented at conference

...ted: Nicotine's ability to increase brain alertness Undertreatment of Nursing Home Residents for osteoporosis Migraine pain effectively treated with topical medication How the "New Year's Resolution" phenomenon impacts AIDS patients' adherence to drug therapy Establishment of a Registry f...

Children remain alert and ready to learn when taking over-the-counter antihistamines that make adults drowsy

...ine, sold as Claritin, had any effect on childrens alertness or ability to learn, according to a study done by scientists at National Jewish Medical and Research Center. The study, appearing in the May 2001 issue of The Journal of Pediatrics, reinforces a growing realization that children often respond quite d...

Blocking enzyme found to ease anxiety without causing sedation

...reduced anxiety while maintaining normal levels of alertness and learning abilities, the researchers reported. ...inding may well treat anxiety without compromising alertness or cognitive abilities."...

Drug beats sleep?

...o be a potent stimulant. How it produces prolonged alertness is not well understood, but it is thought to act specifically in the brain's pre-frontal cortex. This is one of the most active areas of the brain in people who are awake, governing planning, memory and what we pay attention to. The drug's localised ...

An extra hour of sleep can make a big difference for kids

... an hour later than usual can compromise childrens alertness and brain functioning, a new study suggests. Our results have significant clinical and educational implications, says author Avi Sadeh, D.Sci., of the department of psychology at Tel Aviv University in Israel. They highlight the need for parents and ...

Social environment is the key to quality of life for older people

... problems or physical disability, and whose mental alertness and recall were normal for their age. The study says that physical disability was seen by them as a factor in a lower quality of life, being associated with lower mental ability. The more disabled were likely to be in sheltered or residential accomm...

Chronic drinking increases cortisol during intoxication and withdrawal

...l is increased. Stress-induced cortisol can focus alertness and attention, increase blood pressure, and suppress 'less necessary' bodily functions such as wound repair, bone growth, digestion, and reproduction. "Alcohol can increase cortisol through a variety of mechanisms," said Adinoff. "Alcohol directly a...

New method of distinguishing Alzheimer's from Lewy body dementia

NEW YORK--Looking at specific changes in alertness and cognition may provide a reliable method for distinguishing Alzheimer's disease (AD) from dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and normal aging, according a new study from the January 27, 2004, issue of Neurology, the official journal of the American A...

Stressed at work? How taking a coffee break might make things worse

... there is also evidence that it boosts confidence, alertness and sociability as well as making us better able to perform various tasks. The Bristol research, which tried to reconcile these different perspectives, was sparked by an anecdote from a man taking part in a stress management workshop, describing a tr...

Study shows opioid growth factor safe for treatment of pancreatic cancer

... that patients had improved social interaction and alertness behavior, improved sleep and rest, mobility and communication. Pain and depression surveys showed a diminishment in pain scores at certain points during the therapy, and that OGF did not induce depression, but may have actually prevented the developm...

Study shows new patient care process can decrease risk to children on mechanical ventilation

...is given adequate medication to ensure appropriate alertness and comfort level while, at the same time, prevent... established six levels of sedation, each based on alertness of the child and the amount of ventilator support required. For example, the goal for Level 1 is, "A...

New study: Small, frequent doses of caffeine best strategy for staying awake

...al an entirely new way to use caffeine to maintain alertness and performance in the face of sleep loss," said lead author of the study, James Wyatt. As the researchers hypothesized, the behavioral differences between the groups appear to be due to caffeine's effects on the homeostatic rather than circadian sys...

Small, frequent doses of caffeine best strategy for staying awake

...al an entirely new way to use caffeine to maintain alertness and performance in the face of sleep loss," said Wyatt. As the researchers hypothesized, the behavioral differences between the groups appear to be due to caffeine's effects on the homeostatic rather than circadian system. Wyatt and his colleagues...

Brain imaging study of drunk drivers pinpoints neurological changes

...s in the frontal and parietal cortex, which govern alertness and attention, were correlated with weaving while driving. The highest blood alcohol level was 0.1 and the lowest was 0.05. Drivers are considered legally drunk when their blood alcohol level is 0.08....

Pitt research shows NASA sleep-wake scheduling guide may need to be changed

...iological clock gets thrown off balance, sleep and alertness suffer. Complicating the issue is the need for ast...ed to significant disruptions in sleep and lowered alertness while awake. More research needs to be done before scientists can advise NASA on how to change its g...

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