Tag: "allen" at medical news

Tobacco industry pays scientists to challenge secondhand smoke's link to infant death risk

The link between secondhand smoke and sudden infant death has been discredited in the last few years in scientific articles paid for and influenced by cigarette manufacturers, according to a new study of once-secret industry documents....... The key article, commissioned by Philip Morris and published in a respected pediatric epidemiology journal in 2001, discounts the significance of research sh...

CAD detects breast cancers that are most challenging to detect

Contact: ...A computer-aided detection system (CAD) can effectively detect breast cancers a radiologist is more apt to initially miss, a new study shows....... Small lesions are very challenging for the radiologist to detect, said Rachel F. Brem, MD, director of breast imaging at George Washington University in Washington, DC, and lead author of the study. The study of 201 women found that CAD wa...

Challenges To Native American Health Care Even More Profound Than Those Facing The U.S. Health System In General

Looking for the first time at the management needs in the Native...American health care sector, author Jay Noren writes in the January/February...1998 Public Health Reports that "Native American health care programs face...formidable challenges unprecedented in their history." Since the 1976 enactment...of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, increasing...numbers of tr...

NIH action plan charts future challenges for liver disease research

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) today released the trans-NIH Action Plan for Liver Disease Research, a comprehensive plan that addresses the burden of liver diseases in the United States and maps out challenges for future research. The Action Plan is available on-line at ......"Over the last 25 years medical research in liver disease has greatly improved the survival and quality-of-life...

Global warming: a formidable challenge to health

Global warming is a real concern to health experts, according to a senior scientist in this week's BMJ. His comments come as global warming gets the Hollywood treatment in the disaster movie The Day After Tomorrow.... ...Global warming means not just a gradual climb in temperature, but also an increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as heat waves, droughts, floods, and s...

Study in children challenges primary theory for 'stroke belt'

SAN DIEGO, Feb. 6 A study finding a "stroke belt" in children challenges the theory on why stroke deaths are higher in the southeastern United States. The research was presented today at the American Stroke Association's 29th International Stroke Conference. ... Factors related to atherosclerosis are believed to be the reason stroke deaths are significantly higher in the "stroke belt," which in...

Issues in medical ethics: 2004 Special challenges for pediatrics

New York - The Institute for Medical Education at Mount Sinai School of Medicine will present the Eighteenth New York Regional Conference on Issues in Medical Ethics. This year's conference is entitled "Special Challenges for Pediatrics." Rosamond Rhodes, PhD, Professor of Medical Education at Mount Sinai is the Conference Director.... Developments in genetics, reproductive technologies, and oth...

Neurologists take on challenge of advocacy work

ST. PAUL, MN Orla Hardiman, MD, a neurologist with the Irish Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, was selected as the American Academy of Neurology's first Palatucci Advocacy Leader of the Year for her work to improve national services for neurological patients. A founding member of the Neurological Alliance of Ireland, Hardiman was honored at the second annual Palatucci Advocacy Leadership Forum,...

International, nontraditional adoptions pose challenges to families

American families that adopt children from other countries, as well as same-sex couples who adopt, typically do so in order to create or enhance a family, as well as to provide a better life for the youngsters. Even with the best intentions, however, they face plenty of challenges and potential pratfalls, according to a Penn State researcher. ... Lita Linzer Schwartz, distinguished professor eme...

More children survive cancer but the after-effects present a challenge to doctors

Copenhagen, Denmark: The number of children who survive childhood cancer is improving dramatically, but because of the side effects of their treatment the majority continue to need specialist care for many years. This rapid increase in the numbers of survivors means that the medical profession must consider the best and most cost-effective way of caring for them, according to Jill Mann, Profess...

The European Cancer Patient Coalition - challenges for the future

The emergence of cross-Europe policies on health and related issues mean that cancer patients need a voice at European level, said a leading patient advocate at ECCO 12 The European Cancer Conference in Copenhagen today (Tuesday 23 September). But, according to Kathy Redmond, Editor, Cancer Futures, from Milan, Italy, there are many challenges to be faced in building an effective patient organ...

A new survey reveals how parents really handle the toughest challenges of raising kids today

September 23, 2003 (New York, NY) Picky eaters, pet funerals, and couch potato syndrome. In a national online survey of 500 parents of kids ages 2-11, nearly 70% admitted they occasionally question themselves on these and other tough parenting choices. Results of the survey, which was developed by the NYU Child Study Center in collaboration with Nick Jr. Family Magazine, can be found in the Oc...

Study shows melatonin supplements may make standing a hazard for the cardiovascular-challenged

For insomniacs and jet-lagged travelers, melatonin supplements may enable a good night's sleep. ...However, a study by Chester A. Ray, Ph.D., associate professor of medicine, Penn State College of Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center suggests that melatonin supplements may make symptoms worse for the half a million people many of them women and the elderly with orthostatic int...

Afghanistan's health challenge

The reconstruction of Afghanistan's health-care infrastructure 'has the potential to serve as a blueprint for the post-conflict reconstruction for other nations' concludes this week's editorial. ...... At a time when global media attention is focused on the instability of Iraq, Afghanistan is quietly developing health-care policies that could have considerable positive impact on its 25 million in...

Experts meet to challenge approaches of testing and developing cancer treatments

Washington, DC Representatives from the National Cancer Institute, Food and Drug Administration, pharmaceutical industry, and academic research centers will meet at Georgetown University Medical Center on April 23 24 to critique current practices of clinical development of oncology agents. ......Despite advances in recent decades, cancer remains a leading killer around the world, and effective...

Emory gathers global experts to address business and legal challenges of HIV/AIDS fight

A multinational cast of industry leaders, policy makers and leading scholars will gather at Emory University School of Law April 3-4 for a public symposium addressing the legal, medical, public health and development challenges of fighting the global HIV/AIDS epidemic.... ...Called the NEXUS Symposium, the event is an interdisciplinary forum on the impact of international patent and trade agreeme...

Allentown chemist wins national award for plastic polymer inventions

Lloyd M. Robeson of Allentown, Pa., will be honored March 25 by the world's largest scientific society for his achievements in polymer research, particularly in polymer blends such as a moldable compound for orthopedic splints and in membrane separations of gases such as oxygen and nitrogen. He will receive the 2003 Award in Applied Polymer Science from the American Chemical Society at its nation...

UW awarded $1 million grant from The Paul G. Allen Foundation for Medical Research

The University of Washington Department of Urology announced today that it has received a $1 million grant from The Paul G. Allen Foundation for Medical Research to support continuing research by Dr. Richard Berger on chronic pelvic pain in men. ... "The Foundation is committed to supporting important medical research which promotes and improves health care delivery to individuals in the Pacific...

Changing Life, Challenging Cancer conference

Chicago -- Five internationally renowned cancer experts will headline the Midwest's first national symposium on psychosocial oncology, a critical growing field of cancer care that emphasizes psychological, social, and behavioral healing methods.... ...Jointly sponsored by Wellness House and the Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, the Changing Life, Challenging Cancer conference...

Sky-is-the-limit challenges have strongest effect on the heart

Activities in which people are encouraged to do their best will raise their heart rate and blood pressure more than if they simply try to achieve a specific goal, suggests new research.... ...When given an unfixed challenge, accompanied by incentives like money or status, people will push themselves to the limits of their ability, increasing their heart rate and blood pressure in the process.......

Stanford researchers challenge value of widely used prostate cancer diagnostic methods

STANFORD, Calif. - "Serendipity" rather than science plays a prominent role in the current diagnosis of prostate cancer, according to Stanford University Medical Center researchers. A new study finds that prostate specific antigen (PSA), a marker traditionally used by doctors as an indicator of prostate cancer risk, is clinically unreliable.... ... "For any level of serum PSA - from 2 to...

Human brain has unsuspected oxygen reserve, challenging previous theories

. . . St. Louis, May 29, 2001 Scientists have discovered that, unlike many other animals, humans have a reserve of oxygen in the brain. This buffer allows the brain to adapt to arduous situations without demanding a sharp increase in blood flow. . Our finding challenges the previously accepted idea that blood flow increases occur during tasks such as reading to raise oxygen levels in the brain...

'Handwriting challenged' doctors to take penmanship class at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

. Physicians are notorious for bad handwriting. Reading some doctors' prescription orders has been likened to deciphering hieroglyphics or interpreting the Rosetta Stone. But though society once made light of their indiscernible scratches and scrawls, doctors' bad handwriting is no longer a laughing matter. According to Paul B. Hackmeyer, MD, Chief of the Medical Staff at Cedars-Sinai Medical...

Challenges of welfare reform

.ANN ARBOR---Researchers at the University of Michigan will present a new study about a population whose needs have been overlooked by welfare reform: those with mental health problems and those who suffer from drug dependence.. .The federal welfare reform act of 1996 imposes a lifetime five-year limit for federally funded cash aid, but the law also requires most welfare recipients to find work...

Research challenges conventional thinking on ways to treat prostate cancer

.For decades, physicians have known that male hormones fuel prostate cancer growth. That's why therapies that block the production of androgen - or testosterone - provide some of the most effective treatments for men with advanced prostate cancer. Certain drugs, for example, cause the tumor to shrink and PSA levels to decline. But despite initial success with therapies that block testosteron...

Popular notions about breast cancer-psychology link challenged

.Contrary to conventional wisdom, more than 20 years of psychosocial oncology.research supports only a modest association between specific psychological.factors and breast cancer.. .Scientists at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, and the University of.Illinois at Urbana-Champaign said that statistical data from 46 studies fail to.support the association of breast cancer to anxiety and...

New challenges for humanitarian protection

. ... In the Education and Debate section of this week's BMJ a team from Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies in the States discusses the role physicians can and, they argue, should play in establishing civilian protection during hostilities and providing neutral space where medical and aid workers can deliver relief. ....

Tobacco Control Is Global Challenge, WHO Director Says

.Washington, March 18, 1999--Tobacco control is a global challenge and a cultural.struggle against tobacco companies that prey on adolescents to increase sales,.WHO Director-General Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland said today in opening the.International Policy Conference on Children and Tobacco.. ."Tobacco burdens our health systems. It costs taxpayers money. It hampers the.productivity of our...
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