Tag: "allocated" at medical news

Obtaining patient consent for clinical audit is unworkable without extra resources

...likely to be successful unless extra resources are allocated to training, staff time, and administrative support....

Alcohol intervention attempted for violent males

... a violent offence while intoxicated were randomly allocated to treatment (motivational interviewing) or control conditions. At baseline, three months, and one year, the subjects were assessed for alcohol misuse, behavior changes, alcohol-related injury, and re-offending (via the UK Police National Crime Datab...

Early surgical treatment not always necessary for patients with brain haemorrhage

...a favourable outcome at 6 months compared with 24% allocated to initial conservative treatment. The mortality rate for the early surgery group was 36% compared with 37% for initial conservative treatment. Survival during the first six months did not differ between the two groups. The authors conclude that ear...

Severity of liver disease not a reliable indicator of quality of life

A new study on the determination of how livers are allocated for transplants examined the relationship between liver disease severity and quality of life, and found that the commonly used model for liver allocation is not a reliable indicator of general quality of life. The results of this study appear in the ...

News briefs from the Journal CHEST, December 2004

...to minors, placed health warnings on packages, and allocated .5% of taxes from tobacco sales to be used for smoking prevention. To determine the impact of the act, Finnish researchers analyzed and compared nationwide smoking prevalence rates from 1960 to 2000, lung cancer rates from 1980 to 2000, and respirat...

Direct payments to households in poor countries could improve maternal & child health

...rates of malnutrition. Around 5600 households were allocated at random to one of four groups: money to households; resources to local health teams combined with a community-based nutrition intervention; both packages; and neither. Participants were followed up 2 years later and surveyed to record any changes ...

Ugandan study highlights best drug combinations for treating malaria in Africa

...Kampala, Uganda. Around 400 children were randomly allocated one of three combinations: chloroquine+sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, amodiaquine+sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, or amodiaquine+artesunate. The latter two combinations were far more effective, with treatment failures below 10% at one month's follow-up; by co...

Increased investment in radiotherapy will improve cure rates for European cancer patients

...in Europe each year. It is critical that funds are allocated to ensure that patients receive the best care possible and the best opportunity of surviving their disease"....

Physically fit children appear to do better in classroom, researchers say

...ured brain activation, "we found that fit children allocated more resources towards identifying stimuli, and also processed stimuli faster," Hillman said. "Behaviorally, these effects showed up in that these fit children made fewer errors than sedentary ones," Hillman said. In terms of response speed, the fit...

Promising results for malaria vaccine trial

...n Mozambique. Around 2000 children were randomly allocated three injections of either the candidate malaria vaccine or other control vaccines. The children studied were in two distinct locations and had a slightly different follow up: for children in the first cohort (around 1600 participants), the study ass...

International MRC trial finds a routine treatment for head injury may do more harm than good

...emergency medical care, the patients were randomly allocated to either corticosteroids or a placebo treatment. Both treatments were delivered by a drip over a 48 hour period. Dr. Ian Roberts, the clinical co-ordinator of the trial, from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said: "Head injury is...

Widely used treatment for head injuries found to be harmful

...ls in 49 countries) with head injury were randomly allocated corticosteroids (methylprednisolone) or placebo for 48 hours after admission to a hospital emergency department. Those patients given corticosteroids had a higher death rate within 2 weeks (21% of patients) than those given placebo (18%). The 6-month...

Twice daily imatinib could improve outcome for people with specific form of gastro-intestinal cancer

...46 patients with metastatic GIST who were randomly allocated either imatinib 400 mg once or twice a day. 50% of patients receiving two doses of imatinib a day, compared with 56% of patients given a single dose, were alive and free of disease progression at around 2 years follow-up. There was no difference ...

Statins effective in long term, Nordic study suggests

...d to 5 years of statin therapy with simvastatin or allocated a placebo. The results of the trial were published...ts of 4S was that the survival benefit of patients allocated simvastatin compared with those allocated placebo that accrued during the double-blind trial period ...

Anaesthesia guidance system can reduce awareness during surgery

...ital, Victoria, Australia, and colleagues randomly allocated around 2500 patients known to be at risk of awareness during surgery to receive either BIS-guided anaesthesia or standard care. Reported awareness was documented independently a few hours, one day, and one month after surgery. BIS-guided anaesthesia ...

Carotid artery surgery could substantially reduce stroke among high-risk patients

... hospitals in 30 countries. Half the patients were allocated to CEA, the other half to no intervention. Many of the patients were receiving medical therapy (anti-hypertensives, anticoagulants, and cholesterol-lowering drugs). Average follow-up of patients was 34 years. The risk of stroke or death from surgery ...

Would it be worth it to pay for donated kidneys?

...uld be paid to the donor, and the kidneys would be allocated by a pre-defined system. Factors included in the calculations were patient survival, cost of dialysis, organ survival after transplantation, cost of transplant surgery, maintenance costs and the cost of returning to dialysis, among others. For the r...

UCLA study shows Medicaid costs can shrink

...g two jobs. Participating Head Start agencies were allocated funds to ensure 100 percent parental involvement. Agencies turned the training sessions into easily accessible events, offering transportation, on-site childcare and meals, plus copies of the book. According to Mernell King, former director of the He...

New bill 'will ultimately fail the public'

...sized NHS hospital. But as yet, the Government has allocated no money for this task at all. Other problems surround tissue storage and DNA analysis, which threatens to criminalise bona fide public health research. Possible solutions include using anonymised 'residual' tissue samples (which would otherwise be i...

Combination drug therapy could substantially improve symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

...ith current rheumatoid arthritis who were randomly allocated treatment with either etanercept (25 mg subcutaneously twice a week) or oral methotrexate (up to 20 mg every week), or combination of both treatments. Clinical response was assessed by criteria of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and by dis...

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