Tag: "allocated" at medical news

Increased fruit and vegetable consumption could reduce cardiovascular disease

...from a UK primary-care health centre were randomly allocated to either the intervention groupin which participants were encouraged to increase their fruit and vegetable consumption to at least five servings a day (one portion being an 80 gramme serving)or to a control group where participants were not instruct...

Commonly prescribed antibiotic ineffective for treating bronchitis

...ven low-dose vitamin C. The investigators randomly allocated 230 Adults (who had been diagnosed with acute bronchitis) to receive either azithromycin or vitamin C (the placebo group) for five days. All individuals were also given cough syrup (liquid dextromethorphan) and an albuterol inhaler. There was no dif...

Surgeon warns that hospitals need to face the resource implications of breast reconstruction surgery

...ssions are longer, and there needs to be more time allocated to see patients at the clinic after surgery. Mr Dace, who is now a consultant surgeon in Altnagelvin Hospital, Northern Ireland, looked at three groups of ten women who had had mastectomy alone, mastectomy plus expander reconstruction1 or mastectomy ...

Dutch study highlights short-term and long-term options for treatment of tennis elbow

...ecruited by family doctors. Patients were randomly allocated to 6 weeks of treatment with corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy, or a wait-and-see policy. Outcome measures included general improvement, severity of the main complaint (pain), elbow disability, and patients satisfaction. The severity of elbow ...

Cancer doctors could benefit from training in communication skills

...ncologists from 34 UK cancer centres were randomly allocated to four groups: written feedback followed by course; course alone; written feedback alone; and control. At each of two assessment periods, consultations with six to ten consecutive, consenting patients per doctor were videotaped. Around 2400 patients...

Re-designed care could reduce postnatal depression

...en (53%) were recruited from 19 practices randomly allocated to intervention, and 977 women (47%) from 17 practices allocated to control. The new model of community-based postnatal care (given to women in the intervention grou...

LIFE-SAVER: World's largest cholesterol-lowering trial reveals massive benefits for high-risk patients

... below-average cholesterol levels. Volunteers were allocated either 40mg daily simvastatin as cholesterol-lowering therapy, or matching dummy tablets. Study treatment and follow-up continued for an average of five and a half years in 69 UK hospitals. The funding of 21 million (US $32 million) was provided by t...

Pelvic floor exercises can reduce incontinence in women

...with persistent urinary incontinence were randomly allocated to two groups. At five, seven and nine months after delivery, nurses taught the treatment group to follow a daily intensive pelvic floor exercise programme with bladder training if necessary. The control group did not receive any visits from research...

Meningitis in infancy linked to developmental problems

...e children's health and development. Children were allocated to one of four categories of disability, based on evidence of developmental problems. Two per cent of children who survived the acute attack died before the age of 5 years. Among the survivors there was a 10-fold increase in the risk of severe or mod...

West meets East - WHO tuberculosis treatment

...tuberculosis patients were included in a trial and allocated to receive either traditional Russian tuberculosis treatments or WHO short-course chemotherapy in the two largest tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment centres of Tomsk Oblast, western Siberia. Standard WHO tuberculosis outcomes and rates of sputum c...

Psychotherapy can help suicidal patients

...were included in the study. Patients were randomly allocated to two groups. The intervention group received four sessions of psychological therapy at their home. The control group received routine care, which in most cases consisted of referral back to their general practitioner. After six months, patients rec...

Science, engineering and technology newstips

...length division multiplexing (WDM). Each signal is allocated a slightly different wavelength of light. The UC Davis researchers are studying how best to assign wavelengths to signals, how to handle multiple wavelengths, and the best way to route the WDM signals across networks. Optical communications depend o...

Recipients of well-matched kidneys received locally require less long-term care

... drop dramatically if more people received locally allocated kidneys that closely resembled their own organs. Doctors are debating the importance of transplanting organs whose surface tissues are identical to a patient's other organs. Previous studies suggested that multiple differences in the surface tissues,...

One in seven adolescents still doesn't have health insurance

...ach state willdesign its own program, and Congress allocated no funds to evaluate programs orto compare program effectiveness across states. Adolescents are particularlychallenging to enroll because traditionally they have fewer contacts with healthcare providers than younger children. The burden is on health ...

More Cystic Fibrosis Patients Will Die Waiting For Lung Transplants, Predicts University Of Pittsburgh Study

...e. As such, in the United States, whereorgans are allocated in a local-first system, this would limit the window ofopportunity that donor organs can be found. "At our center, and at other centers in the United States that tend to havelonger waiting times, we expect there to be substantial mortality on the wa...

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