Tag: "als" at medical news

British hospitals need clinical ethicists

"We need to introduce clinical ethicists in hospitals in the United Kingdom," says a researcher in medical ethics in this week's BMJ....... A sound knowledge of medical ethics is essential to the good practice of medicine, yet conclusive evidence exists that doctors need help with ethical problems, writes Daniel Sokol of Imperial College London....... About a fifth of NHS acute trusts currently h...

March/April 2005 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

...High-protein diets that include a lot of iron-containing foods, such as the increasingly popular Atkins diet, may not be the best choice for everybody, according to a new study out of the Medical University of South Carolina. Analyzing population-based data from U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, Mainous and colleagues found that people with elevated levels of serum trans...

Mouse model reveals potential way to reduce cardiac deaths in kidney patients

St. Louis, March 29, 2005 -- Scientists have identified an important link between kidney damage and cardiac problems, creating new possibilities for treating the primary cause of death in kidney disease patients. ......Researchers tracked a chain reaction that leads from kidney damage to weakening of the skeleton to increased phosphorous in the blood. They showed that higher phosphorous levels we...

Protecting children from industrial chemicals in the environment

American children are likely to face serious health consequences from new and existing industrial chemicals in the environment, argue a group of researchers in a report in this month's premier open-access global health journal .... ...Women exposed to industrial chemicals in the environment pass them on to their children across the placenta or via breast milk, and children are also exposed to c...

Hopkins begins human trials with donor adult stem cells to repair muscle damaged from heart attack

Researchers at Johns Hopkins have begun what is believed to be the first clinical trial in the United States of adult mesenchymal stem cells to repair muscle damaged by heart attack, or myocardial infarct. ......The so-called Phase I study is designed to test the safety of injecting adult stem cells at varying doses in patients who have recently suffered a heart attack. .........An estimate...

US attempting to flout ethical practice for patient trials abroad

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed that observing a widely accepted code of medical ethics that protects patients who take part in trials is not necessary for studies conducted abroad, states a comment in this week's issue of THE LANCET....... The 2000 Declaration of Helsinki, produced by 82 national medical associations, states that: "At the conclusion of the study, every pat...

Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals

Having a coexisting psychiatric illness or family history of a substance use disorder or having used a major opioid are key factors that can increase the likelihood of a substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals, according to a study in the March 23/30 issue of JAMA....... The prevalence of chemical dependency (excluding nicotine) among physicians has been estimated to be 10...

UW research shows risk factors for relapse among health care professionals who abuse drugs

The risk of relapse is significantly increased for health-care professionals treated for substance use disorders if they have coexisting psychiatric illness or a family history of substance abuse. An article in the March 22 edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association by Dr. Karen B. Domino, professor of anesthesiology in the University of Washington School of Medicine, said use of...

Hospitals may now be more willing to partner up with former adversaries

A study publishing in the latest issue of Health Services Research is one the few published evaluations of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Quality Improvement Organizations (QIO). Focusing on patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction, researchers found an overall positive perceived impact of QIOs on the quality of hospital care. Their findings suggest that QIOs have...

Euroscience Open Forum 2006 launches call for proposals

The organisers of ESOF2006 now welcome contributions to the Forum's programme. The call for proposals is open from March 15th until June 15th 2005. Proposals for scientific sessions and outreach activities can be submitted online at . To stimulate inspiring submissions, 18 broad themes have been selected. These themes highlight current developments in research and science policy and set the fram...

Brain imaging reveals secrets of love, fear and betrayal

An unusual lecture highlighting the fascinating insights which brain imaging gives to the workings of the human mind is being hosted by the University of Edinburgh tomorrow (Tuesday, 15 March). The lecture, given by University of Oxford neuroscientist Professor Paul Mathews, will illuminate the parallels between the works of Shakespeare and the current search by experts to uncover the secrets of...

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for March 15, 2005

...--It's Not Necessarily the Carbs or Loss of Fluids. It's Fewer Calories...... A new three-week in-hospital study of ten obese volunteers with mild type 2 diabetes mellitus compared a usual diet with a very low-carbohydrate diet (Article, p. 403). ...... During the first study week, participants ate about 3,000 calories and 300 grams of carbohydrates per day and remained at entry weight..........

Chemicals in tattoo inks need closer scrutiny

SAN DIEGO, March 13 As tattoos have grown in popularity, so have complaints of adverse side effects associated with both their application and removal. A new study, done by chemistry students at Northern Arizona University, looked at the chemical composition of a variety of tattoo inks to better understand their potential health risks. ......The findings, presented today at the 229 ......

Steady rise in HIV among heterosexuals in the UK

Numbers of HIV infections acquired through heterosexual intercourse in the United Kingdom are rising steadily, according to surveillance figures published online by the BMJ today....... However, they continue to represent less than 10% of all HIV infections diagnosed in heterosexuals in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. And, contrary to popular belief, most of the increase is among people who...

Emotional memory study reveals evidence for a self-reinforcing loop

DURHAM, N.C. -- Researchers exploring the brain structures involved in recalling an emotional memory a year later have found evidence for a self-reinforcing "memory loop" -- in which the brain's emotional center triggers the memory center, which in turn further enhances activity in the emotional center....... The researchers said their findings suggest why people subject to traumatic events may b...

Study: Eye contact triggers threat signals in autistic children's brains

MADISON - Brain tests at the University of Wisconsin-Madison suggest that autistic children shy from eye contact because they perceive even the most familiar face as an uncomfortable threat. ......The work deepens understanding of an autistic brain's function and may one day inform new treatment approaches and augment how teachers interact with their autistic students. ......Tracking the correla...

New trials for counseling caregivers and patients with Alzheimer's begin

Three studies are underway at the NYU School of Medicine to find out whether short-term counseling can ease the psychological stress and depression of people with Alzheimer's disease and their family members. These studies were inspired by the success of a previous trial at the NYU School of Medicine that showed that even a short period of counseling can have a long-term beneficial impact on the...

Study reveals frequent non-guideline treatment of late-life depression

A new study documenting the treatment of late-life depression by Canadian health professionals will be presented today at the American Psychosomatic Society Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada. The study is the first to assess whether people diagnosed with late-life depression receive 'guideline concordant pharmacotherapy'--medication recommended in guidelines issued by the Canadian Psychiatric A...

Fewer false alarms when mammographers have greater experience screening healthy breasts

Physicians who specialize in screening mammography and who have at least 25 years of experience are more accurate at interpreting the images and subject fewer women to the anxiety of false positives for cancer, when compared to physicians with less experience or those who don't have the same focus, according to a new study....... ....... Screening mammograms are the type most women get. These ima...

Molecule important in cell construction also critical in learning and memory

New Haven, Conn.--A family of proteins that help build the cytoskeleton, or the bones of the cell, also play an important role in learning and memory, according to a study published this month in ....... Marina Picciotto, associate professor of psychiatry, pharmacology and neurobiology at Yale School of Medicine, and the senior author of the study, studied mice missing one of these proteins---ad...

Chemicals in apples could reduce the risk of breast cancer, Cornell study in rats suggests

...ITHACA, N.Y. -- An apple a day can help keep breast cancer away, according to a study in rats by food scientists at Cornell University. ... "We found that tumor incidence was reduced by 17, 39 and 44 percent in rats fed the human equivalent of one, three or six apples a day, respectively, over 24 weeks," says Rui Hai Liu, Cornell associate professor of food science and lead author of the stud...

Referrals to palliative care come too late to improve quality of life for cancer patients

Alexandria, VA-- Referrals to palliative care often come too late to improve quality of life for patients with cancer, a new study has found. A survey of family members of people who have died of cancer in Japan found that nearly half of respondents believed that referrals to palliative care were given too late in the course of the illness. ... ...The study, which will be published online Februar...

High-intensity ultrasound creates hollow nanospheres and nanocrystals

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- Using high-intensity ultrasound, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created hollow nanospheres and the first hollow nanocrystals. The nanospheres could be used in microelectronics, drug delivery and as catalysts for making environmentally friendly fuels.... "We use high-intensity ultrasound to generate nanoparticles of molybdenum disulfide or mol...

Allocating antiretrovirals

Antiretroviral drugs change the lives of patients with HIV/AIDS--if they have access to them. Most patients in resource-poor countries cannot afford the drugs. Major initiatives are under way to expand access to antiretrovirals in developing countries, but the number of individuals in need of the drugs currently vastly exceeds the supply, and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. The...

Antimicrobials to prevent infection in major surgery are used properly only about half the time

CHICAGO Antimicrobial medications intended to prevent surgical site infections are appropriately administered to patients (within one hour before incision) only 55.7 percent of the time, according to a study published in the February issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals....... Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a major contributor to patient injury, mortality and heal...

Slow growth in infancy signals poor economic prospects in adulthood

Slow growth in the year after birth seems to signal poor economic prospects as an adult, suggests a study of 50 year old men in Archives of Disease in Childhood....... Over 4,500 men were studied, all of whom had been born in Helsinki, Finland, between 1934 and 1944....... Their heights had been measured an average of eight times during the first year of life. The researchers linked these measure...

Americans support most uses of reproductive genetic testing, report on US attitudes reveals

A majority of Americans believes it is appropriate to use reproductive genetic testing to avoid having a child with a life-threatening disease, or to test embryos to see if they will be a good match to provide cells to help a sick sibling, a new report of the Genetics and Public Policy Center reveals. However, most Americans believe it would be wrong to use genetic testing to select the sex or o...

Antioxidant gene mutation gives free radicals free reign

HONOLULU, April 25 A gene mutation for a molecule that helps the body ward off free radicals almost doubles the risk of developing atherosclerotic heart or brain vessel disease, according to a study presented today at the American Heart Associations Asia Pacific Scientific Forum.... Our study shows that even people without conventional cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., cholesterol, hypertensio...

New research adds to evidence that acetaminophen may prevent colon cancer in lab animals

VALHALLA, N.Y., April 25, 2002 Research findings presented today at the International Symposium on Antimutagenesis and Anticarcinogenesis at New York Medical College suggest the pain reliever acetaminophen may prevent early biological changes that can lead to colon cancer in laboratory rats.... ...In what is considered to be a building body of evidence, we observed that even low levels of acetam...

New research reveals that fibre can improve mood

A new study shows that high-fibre eaters are less stressed and have a more positive mood.... ...Professor Andrew Smith of Cardiff University's School of Psychology, tested a group of volunteers over a four week period. Measures taken at baseline showed that those that regularly consumed a high-fibre diet were less emotionally distressed; had fewer cognitive difficulties; had a more positive mood...

Major review reveals that osteoarthritis is a complex disease with new solutions

.A multidisciplinary group of scientists has declared that osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, is "surprisingly complex," but has outlined a number of new approaches to its understanding, prevention and treatment. Their report, a review by 28 researchers at 17 academic and government institutions, cites over 250 published articles and is presented in two parts in the Annals o...

More potent cancer drug made from platinum shows promise in clinical trials

. Click for abstract. . . . HONOLULU, Dec. 14 - Clinical trials of a new platinum-based cancer drug could hold promise for many cancer patients, in particular the nearly 25,000 women in the United States who develop ovarian cancer each year, according to research presented here today during the 2000 International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies.. . The w...

Survey Finds Increasing Popularity Of Acute Stroke Teams In U.S. Hospitals

. ORLANDO, FLA. -- In the past, the brain and heart have received different.treatment, at least when it comes to emergencies.. When "code blue" teams rush to someone having a heart attack, their goal.is to jump-start the heart to re-establish blood flow to the brain. Such teams.have been hospital staples for years; however, the emergence of similar teams to.help patients sufferi...

Organ Rejection Drug Also Shows Promise For The Treatment Of Kidney Disease

. A Johns Hopkins evaluation of a drug commonly used to prevent rejection of.kidney.transplants has found that it also may help patients with severe symptoms of.kidney disease.. After taking the immunosuppressive drug mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for a.few.months, some patients showed dramatic improvement even when the dosage of their.traditional.steroid medications was reduced. Others...

Penn Researchers Initiate Ground-Breaking New Trials To Treat

(Philadelphia, PA) -- Surgeons and radiation oncologists at the...University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have recently initiated...ground-breaking new protocols to treat locally advanced cases of...lung cancer and mesothelioma for patients who are generally...considered untreatable at other institutions. These new clinical...trials are applying innovative combination treatments with...photod...

Study finds no reason for expectant mothers to shy away from early epidurals

CHICAGO A study published in this week's by researchers at Northwestern Memorial Hospital refutes the popular belief that getting an epidural early in labor increases a woman's risk of cesarean delivery. ...... In a study of 750 women, researchers found that getting an epidural when the cervix is less than four centimeters dilated did not increase the cesarean delivery rate and provided signi...

Johns Hopkins scientists receive presidential medals

Johns Hopkins neuroscientist Solomon H. Snyder, M.D., and astrophysicist Riccardo Giacconi, Ph.D., have been named recipients of the 2003 National Medal of Science, the United States' top scientific recognition, the White House announced today. ...... The two will be the seventh and eighth Johns Hopkins faculty members to receive this honor. Giacconi and Snyder will receive the medals in a White...

NIAID seeks applicants to lead clinical trials units for revamped HIV/AIDS networks

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) today announced that it is soliciting applications from U.S. and overseas research institutions seeking to become Clinical Trials Units (CTUs) in the Institute's revamped HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials Networks. NIAID, part of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), supports the world's largest portfolio of clinical research in HIV...

Feb. 15, 2005, Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet

...... In a new study of 5,887 middle-aged smokers with mild lung disease, those who were randomly assigned to a quit-smoking program had a lower death rate than those assigned to usual care even though only 21.7 percent of them actually quit smoking (Article, p. 233)....... The annual death rates were 8.8 per 1000 patients in the quit-smoking program and 10.4 per 1000 in the usual care group. T...

UCLA study: Nearly a third of drug ads in medical journals contain no references for medical claims

UCLA investigators reviewed pharmaceutical ads in American medical journals and found that nearly one-third contained no references for medical claims; while the majority of references to published material were available, only a minority of company data-on-file documents were provided upon request; and the majority of original research cited in the ads was funded by or had authors affiliated wit...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Dublin, Ohio (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 ... solutions for health care, announces the release of a “Twelve ... web seminar for hospitals that are evaluating Health Information Service ... 2. Hospitals that utilize MEDITECH and Epic electronic health ... order to exchange transitions of care using the Direct protocol. ...
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(Date:7/31/2014)... its latest blog post, Best Drug Rehabilitation , which ... during a stay in rehab can make a big difference ... on nine secrets that addicts don’t want others to know. ... an addict from a mile away, and totally understand what’s ... Per Wickstrom . “However, take it from me: spotting ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... July 31, 2014 In its latest blog ... and believes that having family close by during a stay ... not the process is successful, is looking at 10 tips ... , “Addiction recovery is a lifelong process, and one ... be committed to without compromise,” commented Best Drug Rehabilitation’s CEO ...
(Date:7/31/2014)... Oregon (PRWEB) July 31, 2014 ... properties and digestibility, erythritol has long been used ... such as stevia and monk fruit. However consistent, ... In an effort to meet food and beverage ... sourcing, Steviva Ingredients has launched GMO-free ErysweetTM Erythritol. ...
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