Tag: "analyzing" at medical news

Brief exposure to Mandarin can help American infants learn Chinese

...the statistical learning that infants engage in by analyzing language; and the ability to follow the gaze of another person to an object to understand what they are talking about."...

Mexican-American stroke study shows differences

...physician. Morgenstern and Cox intend to continue analyzing and compiling data from the study to look for more patterns that might help them and others understand what factors influence stroke risk among Hispanics. And, they and their colleagues will continue working on the study of stroke patterns among Mexi...

Brain images reveal effects of antidepressants

...better, he added. Virtually all previous studies analyzing brain activity in depressed people used PET (positron emission tomography) and SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) technology. With these imaging systems scientists were not able to obtain pictures with the same resolution as that whic...

Study shows faceguards, safety balls cut number of Little League injuries

...h Center-affiliated scientists, the study involved analyzing injury information resulting from three years, or more than 6.7 million "player-seasons," of Little League participation. It is the largest and most comprehensive study of its kind ever done, the scientists say. "We undertook this study at the reques...

Other highlights of the January 1 JNCI

...a DNA microarrays are increasingly being used for analyzing gene expression in human cancers. However, convert...thods for designing DNA microarray experiments and analyzing microarray data. They say that investigators should be aware of the potential pitfalls of using DNA ...

Disparity between rich and poor for hip, knee replacement

...ss to consider hip or knee replacement surgery. In analyzing their data, they discovered that 45 per cent of individuals with less than high school education met their criteria as ideal candidates for joint replacement surgery, compared with only 30 per cent of individuals with post-secondary education. Howeve...

Fossil fuels for household use are viable option for world's poor

...ecting their health." Smith led the research team analyzing the health effects of indoor smoke from solid fuels for a recent World Health Organization report. The report, published in October, found that indoor smoke from solid fuels ranked as one of the top 10 risk factors for the global burden of disease, a...

Comparing screening instruments for alcohol dependence and abuse

...findings into practice." Cherpitel will in fact be analyzing the performance of the RAPS4 and RAPS4-QF in ER samples obtained from 12 countries associated with the WHO Multi-Site Collaborative Study of Alcohol and Injury. She calls this "a wonderful opportunity to test the sensitivity and specificity of the i...

New horizons in cortical cartography

...d atlases and associated tools for visualizing and analyzing two major components of the brain, the cerebral co...cortex. "It is vital to have improved methods for analyzing and visualizing the torrent of information that is becoming available from neurobiologists so that w...

New data may alter frequency and surgical procedure

...as magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), works by analyzing the chemicals present in a small cluster of cells removed with a fine needle from the suspicious area of the breast. If a malignancy is found, a computer program evaluates the likelihood that the tumor has spread to the lymph nodes. The group has co...

Kin of people with heart disease have tangled clots

...abnormal clots look like tightly tangled hair. By analyzing these components, the researchers found that the family members had clots that formed quicker and were composed of thicker, dense fibers. "The clots were also less permeable than the blood clots of the healthy controls. These characteristics make ...

UCLA seeks thousands of current and former smokers for landmark lung cancer screening trial

...cluding UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center, also will be analyzing other critical measures of the effectiveness of lung cancer screening. These include the emotional and economic effects of screening and the impact of the screening process itself on smoking behaviors. "These screening-related outcomes have not been ...

Off-the-job drinking predicts subsequent on-the-job injury for up to five years

...e-job drinking need to be considered together when analyzing work outcomes such as workers' compensation injuries." Ragland and his colleagues reviewed three sources of data. The first was a cross-sectional study of 1,871 transit operators employed by the San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI) from 1983 to 19...

Genes play a role in heart function -- May determine who develops heart failure

...N.C., and Birmingham, Ala. The researchers are now analyzing the participants' DNA in hopes of identifying genetic regions responsible for diastolic function. In the United States, about 5 million people have heart failure and an additional 550,000 are diagnosed with it annually. It is one of the largest heal...

Medical students don't receive enough training in helping patients quit smoking

... The research team reviewed a number of studies in analyzing various educational methods of teaching medical students how to help patients quit. One study they reviewed said that only three medical schools, one of them Wake Forest, "had a required course devoted specifically to tobacco treatment." One third...

DARPA to support development of human brain-machine interfaces

...pment of equipment and methods for visualizing and analyzing the massive amounts of data produced from electrod...velop a miniaturized "neurochip" for detecting and analyzing brain signals, as well as optical communications links between the chip and the control components o...

UCSF orthopedic surgeons test artificial back disc

...ar devices being investigated. A separate study is analyzing the effectiveness of the SB Charite III Dynamic Disc Spacer, manufactured by the Link Spine Group in Branford Connecticut. This device was developed in the mid-1980s at the Berlin Charite Clinic in Germany....

Plastic surgery to the'nines'

...ated kind of harmonic analysis that is integral in analyzing and compressing data -- video, sound, or photographic, for instance --for a wide range of applications. Krantz is working on the software package, Thomas Lu, Ph.D., an electrical engineer from Petaluma, Calif., developed the scanner. Michael Cedars...

UC researcher utilizes historical control group for new osteoporatic fracture analysis

...s Center, has applied an innovative new method for analyzing fracture efficacy for an osteoporosis therapy in a study that was conducted without a placebo control group. The original study was intended to compare two different dose forms of Actonel (risedronate sodium tablets), a new 35 mg a new once a week d...

New journal series will educate physicians about medical errors

...utive editor of the new series. "By presenting and analyzing individual cases, we can educate physicians to understand the role of both individual and systems factors that merge to create a medical error." In the first article, "The Wrong Patient," two patient safety experts from The Mount Sinai School of Med...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol ... atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes ... condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over ... reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the ... of experiments, described April 7 in the journal ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... is available in German . ... of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of ... shown how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, ... the immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves ... modifies viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, ... men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they are ... the hormone than others is important because testosterone is ... hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and heart ... for producing testosterone in adults known as Leydig ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... waited in line and most of us have gotten ... like. , For Will Mather, assistant professor of ... Integrated Science Curriculum, studying lines, or queues, has been ... bottlenecks that limit the recycling of proteins. , The ... professor, has received attention from the National Science Foundation ...
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