Tag: "antiretroviral" at medical news
HIV testing should be routine part of primary health care for sexually active
...ut secondary prevention and risky behaviors, begin antiretroviral
therapy and help prevent opportunistic infections." Current recommendations for testing in high-prevalence areas (where HIV infection is greater than one percent) and testing based on risk assessment are impractical and inaccurate, the research team ...
Patients newly diagnosed with HIV are more likely to enter outpatient care with case management
...ve shown the benefits of case management on use of antiretroviral
therapy by individuals already in care," said Carlos del Rio, MD, professor of medicine at Emory University School of Medicine, chief of medical services at Atlanta's Grady Memorial Hospital and principal investigator for the Atlanta study site. "Th...
Professionalism and professional ethics in medicine
...s affected the patient's exposure to highly active antiretroviral
therapy, reported problems, satisfaction with care...nificantly lower rate of exposure to highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART) than either patients treated by physicians with more positive attitudes or patients ...
Depression linked to insomnia in HIV patients
...o sleep disturbances. Although HIV patients taking antiretroviral
therapy often describe insomnia as a side effect o... says there is not enough evidence to suggest that antiretroviral
drugs contribute to insomnia. Reid and colleagues identified only two studies of treatments for inso...
Patient with drug-resistant form of HIV identified
...nt of HIV that is resistant to multiple classes of antiretroviral
drugs and associated with the rapid development of...patient's virus and assessed its susceptibility to antiretroviral
drugs. Rapid progression to AIDS after infection with HIV-1 has been previously described, as has th...
Antiretroviral therapy may prevent excess risk of some cancers in people with HIV
... human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART) may prevent most excess cases of Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, according to a new study in the March 16 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Studies of people with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AID...
HIV-1 spread through six transmission lines in the UK
...ur than from reduced infectiousness resulting from antiretroviral
therapy. The study by UCL, the Health Protection Agency and the University of Oxford statistically analysed the epidemic history of the HIV-1 subtype B strain from sampled gene sequence data. Molecular data on HIV-1 has become increasingly available...
Study examines lessons learned at Africa's first public antiretroviral treatment clinic
A public clinic offering antiretroviral
(ARV) treatment to people with HIV/AIDS, recently established in Botswana, has had its share of trials and errors. However, the obstacles it has encountered--and has largely overcome--can serve as valuable lessons for other developing countries tryin...
End AIDS drug waiting lists, HIV care providers tell policymakers
...s, child care, and housing assistance to access to antiretroviral
medications through the AIDS Drug Assistance Progr...ty they should receive in the era of highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART)," says Paul Volberding, MD, chair of the HIVMA Board of Directors. "Two million yea...
Some HIV patients at risk of exhausting treatment options
...r published online by the BMJ today. Highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART) has had a dramatic impact on the h...HIV are becoming increasingly exposed to different antiretroviral
treatments over time, immunological and virological profiles of these patients continue to improve. ...
Dual testing better for monitoring new cases of HIV
...a, where aid from the United States is set to make antiretroviral
therapy more widely available. The Hopkins team su...pant patients confirmed that these two were taking antiretroviral
therapy, masking their old infection as new....
Archival virus still necessitates life-long antiretroviral therapy
...date on the scientific rationale behind the use of antiretroviral
therapy, focusing on the mechanisms that allow life-long persistence of HIV even in patients on potent medication. Siliciano, a professor of medicine at Hopkins and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, has recently found a second reservoi...
...California Los Angeles) have designed an equitable antiretroviral
allocation strategy that would give each individual with HIV an equal chance of receiving antiretrovirals. The work is reported in the February issue of the international open-access journal PLoS Medicine . Based on the premise that only a limited...
Most episodes of HIV 'blips' not clinically significant in patients receiving HAART
...o suppress the virus while receiving highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART) experience intermittent episodes o...tercurrent illnesses, vaccination, or decreases in antiretroviral
drug concentrations. Blips were marginally associated with self-reported nonadherence." The resea...
Small increases or 'blips' in HIV levels do not signal mutations leading to drug-resistant HIV
...s, such as illness, vaccination, or differences in antiretroviral
drug regimens. For every blip, the researchers conducted genetic tests on the samples before, during and shortly after the blip, to uncover any mutations in the virus. Measures of viral load were confirmed by using two independent laboratories to ...
New highly active agents against sandfly fever
...ies, especially against leishmaniases, others have antiretroviral
activity. Biological trials in the mouse have alre...industrial scale. Furthermore, assessment of their antiretroviral
activity (HTLV-1) is being continued in a joint scientific project set up between the scientists and...
South Africa in denial over number of deaths from HIV/AIDS
...crisis of its people. The progress in provision of antiretroviral
treatment to all people with advanced HIV has been painfully slow since the Government's first report of a planned programme in August, 2003. When Thabo Mbeki opens the 2005 parliamentary session this week, he introduces it under the motto "Parliamen...
Routine HIV screening should be expanded, study finds
... the success over the past decade of highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART) in prolonging the quantity and quality of lives of patients infected with AIDS, as well as decreasing the rate at which those infected with the virus can transmit the disease to others. HAART therapy involves using multiple drugs, all...
Yale opens Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS (CIRA) in India
... The second project housed at the new office is an antiretroviral
pilot program being implemented by the Tamil Nadu ...al, psychosocial and nutrition services, including antiretroviral
therapy, to 500 families with a child infected or affected by HIV/AIDS in three districts in Tamil N...
JCI table of contents, January 20 2005
...in a relationship on the rebound After a break in antiretroviral
drug therapy in HIV-positive patients, the virus r...irus. Scheduled interruption and resumption of antiretroviral
treatment of HIV-positive patients has generated hopes of reducing drug toxicities, costs, and total...
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