Tag: "antiretroviral" at medical news
Drug resistance may prove more pervasive in African HIV
...dherence to the demanding regimen of highly active antiretroviral
therapy, the results we're presenting also suggest that a molecular basis for a poor long-term response might be present," Freire said. Freire has been an outspoken advocate for changing drug design paradigms to better deal with existing and potentia...
Successful implementation of pilot study for HIV antiretroviral therapy in Uganda
...NAIDS/Uganda Health Ministry initiative to provide antiretroviral
treatment to people with HIV/AIDS in Uganda. Litt...h HIV Drug Access Initiativeone of the first pilot antiretroviral
programmes in Africain which patients paid for their medications at negotiated reduced prices. 912 p...
Cocaine use linked to poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV patients
...ical Center in New York City measured adherence to antiretroviral
drug regimens in 85 HIV-infected current and former cocaine users. The study's lead investigator, Dr. Julia H. Arnsten, says that active cocaine use was the strongest predictor of poor adherence and, in turn, failure to maintain viral suppression. O...
Cardiac differences in infants born to HIV-positive mothers may persist
... U.S. receive AZT, often in combination with other antiretroviral
Drug used in treatment of alcoholism may have role in treatment of HIV
... alcoholism, may increase the effectiveness of the antiretroviral
drugs zidovudine (AZT) and indinavir, which are used in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Naltrexone blocks opioid receptors in the brain preventing the high associated with the use of heroin and otheropioids. Although the mechanis...
UCSF health economists urge global AIDS fund to finance prevention first
...mes more cost-effective than funding highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART), even when HAART is priced extremely conservatively, according to UCSF researchers. Focusing first on relatively inexpensive prevention efforts such as ensuring a safe blood supply, using antiretrovirals to prevent mother to child tra...
Sepsis on the increase in U.S., according to Emory University and CDC study
...be leading to an increase in sepsis. For example, antiretroviral
therapy has led to increased longevity for HIV patients, and we have more patients receiving organ transplants, bone marrow transplants, and high-dose chemotherapy who are vulnerable to infection. An increase in medical and surgical procedures that ...
Cost-effectiveness assessments important for HIV response in Africa
...ula feeding for infants, home care programmes, and antiretroviral
therapy for adults) cost several thousand dollars per infection prevented, or several hundreds of dollars per DALY gained. Andrew Creese comments: Allocation of new funds for HIV/AIDS requires more than rankings of cost-effectiveness. Nevertheless, v...
Many rural residents living with HIV continue risky behaviors
... for concern since it may impact their response to antiretroviral
therapies." This new data only strengthen Heckman's assertion that more attention should be paid to the estimated 50,000 people living with AIDS in rural America. Toward that end, Heckman has enrolled 320 people from 13 states in his NIMH-supported...
Antiretroviral therapy around childbirth reduces risk of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
...eved in more-developed countries due to the use of antiretroviral
drug therapies. Short-course regimens, suitable fo...ssed the efficacy of short-course therapy with the antiretroviral
drugs zidovudine and lamivudine in a predominantly breastfeeding population. Around 1800 pregnant w...
The Lancet Oncology and The Lancet Infectious Diseases
...outh African Governments reluctance to provide the antiretroviral
drug nevirapine to pregnant women with HIV. The drug has been shown to be effective in preventing mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission; however the South African Government have recently launched an appeal to a March 11 court hearing which instructed t...
Study supports triple combination therapy for HIV
Editorial: Initial antiretroviral
regimens: in general three drugs are better than two are better than one BMJ Volume 324, pp 747-8 New evidence in this weeks BMJ supports the use of up to three antiviral drugs (triple therapy) to treat people with HIV. Researchers in Birmingham revi...
South African government urged to take action in preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission
...NCET, are calling on their government to implement antiretroviral
drug programmes without delay to reduce the vertic...been prevented, the authors state, if short-course antiretroviral
treatment had been available. The South African government has cited cost, toxicity, drug resistance...
New awards, expanded focus for Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group
...atal Transmission: continue studying the safety of antiretroviral
drugs in HIV-infected pregnant women; continue tra...ions. Studies evaluating the use of highly active antiretroviral
combinations in children, which contributed to establishing the standard of care for antiretroviral
Arts, science and ethics meet
...g resource-poor countries about whether to provide antiretroviral
drugs to halt the AIDS epidemic when there are many other urgent competing health needs. Also participating will be Frank Katoola, choreographer and director of Children of Uganda, and Alexis Hefley, president and executive director of the Uganda C...
7-day-on, 7-day-off regimen could reduce cost, toxicities of HIV therapy
...successfully treated with continuous highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART). For the study, they switched to ...ry few have access to HAART because of the cost of antiretroviral
agents." STUDY DETAILS Upon study entry, patients were receiving HAART daily, in regimens that inc...
HIV patients more likely to accept a drug regimen if they trust in the physician, Yale researchers find
...risoners shows that they are more likely to accept antiretroviral
therapy (ART)if they have trust in the treatment, their physicians and in medical institutions, highlighting the important role that trust plays inHIV therapy, Yale researchers report. The researchers also found that lack of social support, complexi...
Researchers examine the use of antiretroviral therapy among injection drug users with HIV infection: Study suggests addiction treatment and health care contribute to HAART enrollment
...s with HIV that are eligible for the highly active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART) fail to undergo the treatment, acc...n, or "drug cocktail," is a combination of several antiretroviral
drugs that can dramatically reduce the levels of HIV in the body and slow the progression to AIDS. T...
University of Pittsburgh researcher provides first-ever definition of HIV-associated lipodystrophy
..., in HIV-infected individuals taking highly-active antiretroviral
therapy (HAART) or antiretroviral
therapy (ART), and in some people who are not on drug therapy but who have long-term HIV infection. ...
The nations leading liver researchers to reveal findings in hepatitis C, liver transplantation, toxicity in AIDS patients
... is fairly clear that the promise of highly active antiretroviral
therapy is not deliverable to all patients with HI... is a serious problem irrespective of the class of antiretroviral
therapy being given. Patients were treated with one of several drug regimens including one or more n...
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