Tag: "artificial" at medical news
Common Drug-Capsule Coating Not As Inert As Previously Thought
...arly important in applications such as implantsand artificial
scaffolds, where polymer-coated materials are in contactwith living tissue for extremely long periods of time," Leckband said. "Implicit in such long-term applications is the requirement that thepolymer does not perturb the various protein structures...
National Science Foundation Awards Knowledge And Distributed Intelligence Grants
...f learning and intelligence in natural systems and artificial
systems is contributing to unprecedented research ...anding of learning and intelligence in natural and artificial
systems; to explore the cognitive, ethical, educational, legal and social implications of new types ...
Electronic Nose Inspects Cheese, Hints At Human Sense Of Smell
... commercially-available electronic nose with an artificial
neural network that trained the device to scan the cheeses forthese key fatty acids. The electronic nose correctly discriminated among the cheeses. It noted...
Morning Coffee Boosts Blood Pressure, Stress Hormones All Day
..."Ifyou combine the effects of real stress with the artificial
boost in stresshormones that comes from caffeine, then you have compounded the effectsconsiderably." During the two-week study, the subjects experienced, on average, a 32percent increase in adrenalin and a 14 percent increase in noradrenaline...
Trial Begins For First Artificial Liver Device Using Human Cells
...spitals are beginning clinical testingof the first artificial
liver device that uses cells from humans rather th... days, at most afew weeks. The primary goal of the artificial
liver is to support the patient through abrief period of liver failure, protecting the brain and oth...
Updated Results On Heart Assist Device Presented At International Transplant Meeting
... associateprofessor of surgery and director of the artificial
heart and adulttransplantation program at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC). About a third of the patients (29 percent) waited outside the hospital, six formore than a year and two for more than two years, allowing them the opportuni...
New Type Of Artificial Surfactant Shows Promise In Treating Lung Disease
...kaInstitute in Sweden. The standard medication is artificial
surfactant, a detergent-like liquid thatis adminis...line membranedisease--and who respond very well to artificial
surfactant therapy. In these premature babies, the immature lungs do not produce natural surfactant...
Advance reported in search for skin cancer treatment
... the ultimate goal of the research is toproduce an artificial
enzyme for human use that could repair DNA damaged byultraviolet light in humans. Such damage leads to certain types of skincancer, which have reached almost endemic proportions. Skin cancer is now themost common form of cancer in the United...
How the nose knows
...nces andflavors, and perhaps also in the design of artificial
smell sensors. Prof. Lancet, incumbent of the Ralph and Lois Silver Chair of Neurogenomics,coordinates the research on olfactory genes within theinternational Human Genome Project and heads the Weizmann Institute's CrownHuman Genome Center. Lancet al...
12-year-old Oregon girl is first child to receive new bone growth material in her skull
...y, banked bones from cadavers, medicalceramics and artificial
materials are used to replace missing or disfiguredbones....
Mitral valve repair at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center gets Los Angeles dentist on the road to recovery
...any years, faulty mitral valves were replaced with artificial
valves, which was beneficial but not the perfect solution. The artificial
valve, typically metal or porcine, is a foreign body, and patients have to rely on blood thinners th...
9th European Congress on Lung Disease
...e 9th ERS annual meeting will also be focussing on artificial
ventilationmethods. These are techniques intended for patients who need help with theirbreathing, either because they have been placed in intensive care or becausethey are seriously affected by chronic respiratory deficiency.One of the symposia will ...
Novel neural net recognizes spoken words better than human listeners
...rly pattern recognition), it has beendifficult for artificial
neural networks even to approach the power ofbiological systems," said Liaw, director of the Laboratory for Neural Dynamicsand a research assistant professor of biomedical engineering at the USC Schoolof Engineering. "Even large nets with more than 1...
To build a better artificial hip, UD prof says, mimic Mother Nature
...hanical engineering. In computer simulations, UD's artificial
hip "consistently performs better thanthe conventi...s of the stress patterns produced by aconventional artificial
hip, and by the Munting and Verhelpen design. Their resulting design greatly reduces the prosthetic ...
Physicians consistent in prescribing hormone therapy
...T. Other reasons cited for prescribing HRT include artificial
or early menopause, hot flushes, mood changes and patient requests. Cohen's co-authors were Lynn Elinson, whose Ph.D. thesis was the basis for the paper, and Dr. Tom Elmslie of the department of family medicine at the University of Ottawa. The study,...
Cranfield technology noses ahead
...ield Postgraduate Medical School have developed an artificial
nose that electronically identifies odours. It uses the same process human noses except odours are classified electronically, thereby avoiding human bias. The technology will dramatically reduce the diagnosis time for Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)....
Noveau neurons are better than no neurons at all
neuron built by researchers at U.C. San Diego may be the first step toward restoring brain function in patients suffering from stroke, Alzheimer's and other neurological dysfunction. The interdisciplinary team, led by Alan Selverston and Henry Abarba...
Cranfield pioneers back pain research
...have been developing a computer system known as an artificial
neural network which has been trained to diagnose ...ect for some time and finds "the interface between artificial
intelligence and clinical medicine very exciting. Back pain is a massive problem in this country and...
From smoking to sumatriptan, researchers present important new findings on the impacts of drug metabolism
... Sweet News for Sickle Cell Anemia Sufferers The artificial
sweetener aspartame has been reported to be effective in counteracting the effects of abnormal hemoglobin that reduce oxygen in red blood cells, causing sickle cell anemia. However, appropriate doses for clinical use have not been determined. In a ne...
Artificial liver moves toward commercialization
...y patients die waiting for suitable organs. An artificial
liver that provides temporary support of a person's liver function can serve as a bridge to transplant or as a short-term treatment. Prototype devices, which filter blood toxins that build up as a result of liver damage, have been used in lim...
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