Tag: "artificial" at medical news
Volume of mammograms read may influence accuracy of diagnosis
...as a result, read more films. Moreover, they say, artificial
test environments may not reflect real-world consequences. They conclude, "Increasing the volume of interpretations for each mammographer in the United States may not result in improved accuracy if influences, such as the fear of medical malpractice...
Immune system in hamsters bolstered during winter, especially in times of stress, study finds
... The study involved 50 Siberian hamsters. Using artificial
light, the researchers exposed half of them to long days (15 hours of light per day) to simulate summer conditions. The other half lived in short days (9 hours of light per day) to simulate ...
Medicine implants drastically reduce stroke complications
...gery is required to repair the vessel. A patch or artificial
piece of blood vessel is sewn over the rupture. A major complication of SAH is vasospasm, a prolonged contraction of the artery walls. Vasospasm is a major cause of death and disability because it can reduce blood flow enough to kill brain tissue, s...
New minimally invasive surgical procedure for arthritis may delay knee replacement surgery
...hich the surgeon replaces the damaged knee with an artificial
implant. Surgeons are generally reluctant to perform replacement surgery on younger, more active patients because of the irreversible removal of bone required. Until now, the most prevalent options for delaying partial or total knee replacement were ...
Chip design has potential as artificial retina
...ocessing could possibly lead to the creation of an artificial
eye that has the potential to replace damaged huma...This could be the basis for the creation of a real artificial
eye that works just like a retina, said Dr. Larry Cooper, ONR program manager for the CNN project. T...
Brain center searches for patterns
...a looming predator. However, they said, in today's artificial
world such pattern perception also gives rise to maladaptive superstitions such as the gambler's belief that a pair of dice is "due" to roll a seven. In an article posted online April 8, 2002, in Nature Neuroscience, researchers Scott Huettel, Be...
Scientific society recognizes womens contributions to the Manhattan Project
... leaders in the discovery of radioactive elements, artificial
radioactivity, nuclear fission, development of nuclear theory, and made significant contributions to the Manhattan project and to nuclear medicine. Prospects for future opportunities in nuclear science and its applications will also be considered....
The brain risks of binge drinking
...hese studies, however, were done in vitro (in an artificial
environment). Our findings, which are in vivo (in the living body), indicate that alcohol-induced brain damage occurs during intoxication." "In the rat," explained Michael A. Collins, professor of biochemistry at Loyola University Chicago, "which ...
Newly published data show at-home dialysis therapy may benefit more patients
...blood vessel. The blood is then pumped through an artificial
kidney machine containing a filtering system called a dialyzer that cleanses the blood and returns the cleansed blood back to the body. Most people undergoing HD receive treatment at a special center, about three times a week for three to five hours...
...made a breakthrough that brings the prospect of an artificial
liver much closer. He believes he has solved the p...growing the complex networks of blood vessels that artificial
organs would need to sustain themselves within the body. Until now, researchers trying to build re...
Futuristic system brings vision to blind
...erated on eight blind patients who paid to receive artificial
vision systems developed by the Dobelle Institute....n the progress of the patients - and news that the artificial
vision system now is commercially available abroad - was presented June 13 at the 48th annual meetin...
U-M artificial lung showing promise, as need grows
NEW YORK, NY An artificial
implantable lung that uses tiny hollow fibers and ...entation will be part of a larger ASAIO session on artificial
lung technology that he will chair. The session will also focus on a University of Pittsburgh device...
Low-cost reminder helps prevent infections for heart patients
...ongenital heart disease, mitral valve prolapse and artificial
heart valves. Taking antibiotics before procedures likely to cause bleeding such as dental cleaning can often prevent infection. "One problem is that not all physicians know an individual patient's risk for endocarditis. A second issue is that m...
Feeding tubes may not help in severe dementia, yet use varies widely
... feeding tube use, DNR orders, and orders to forgo artificial
hydration and nutrition will be available at www.chcr.brown.edu/dying/factsondying.htm when the embargo lifts at 4 p.m. on June 26. That Web site also includes individual state reports of pain management, site of death, number of terminally ill pat...
Physics tip sheet #19 June 26, 2002
...derstanding could lead to better ways of designing artificial
sensors. Journal article: http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRE/v65/e060901 6) Building perfection from broken parts D. Challet, N. F. Johnson Physical Review Letters (Print issue: July 8, 2002) In modern technology, quality control of microscopic p...
World's first study on surrogacy reveals high quality parenting and no problems
...tic parents of the child and conception is through artificial
insemination, and full (or host) surrogacy where the commissioning mother and father are the genetic parents and conception is achieved through IVF. Of the 43 surrogate families in the study, nearly two-fifths involved full surrogacy and just over th...
Computer predicts outcome of breast cancer
...han those obtained using either the statistical or artificial
neural networks-based methods,' states the research team in the Journal of Anticancer Research, where it reports its findings. 'In addition, the results suggest that the existing statistical methods may not be reliable as far as both identification o...
UCSF orthopedic surgeons test artificial back disc
...the normal bio-mechanics of the lumbar spine." The artificial
disc device, developed in France in the late 1980s...ulators and medication dispensers. In addition to artificial
disc replacement, researchers in the spinal disorders division at UCSF Medical Center are also inves...
DARPA to support development of human brain-machine interfaces
...narily adept at using feedback to adapt to such an artificial
appendage. "One provocative, and controversial, question is whether the brain can actually incorporate a machine as part of the neural representation of the body," he said. "I truly believe that it is possible. The brain is continuously learning and...
OSU faculty design drug education web program for NCAA
... two factors out of many and success achieved from artificial
means is ultimately unsatisfying, he said. "Each student-athlete must ask themselves what values define success and happiness," Tricker said. "Is it money and fame? Ask Darryl Strawberry if he is happy with the choices he made. Is it a world record?...
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