Tag: "artificial" at medical news
For leg-bypass patients, drugs can save lives and limbs, but many patients go without them
...s, as they are called, are known to be superior to artificial
grafts, which use synthetic tubes. But 88 of the 338 grafts done on the patients in the study were artificial, and 32 were a combination -- most likely because those patients' eligible veins had already been used for other leg or heart bypass operati...
UC San Diego scientists unveil pilot project for automated monitoring of animal behavior
...nts of computer vision, information technology and artificial
intelligence, the Smart Vivarium project aims to enhance the quality of animal research, while at the same time enabling better health care for animals. The pilot project is led by Serge Belongie, an assistant professor in Computer Science and Engine...
Researchers pinpoint brain areas that process reality, illusion
...forts to build biomedical devices that can control artificial
limbs, some day enabling the disabled to move a prosthetic arm or leg by thinking about it. Results were published in the Jan. 16, 2004 issue of Science . "Previous studies have explored when things are perceived during an illusion, but this is th...
Patients should be consulted before dialysis treatment begins
...lysis, in which the blood is circulated through an artificial
kidney machine, requires lengthy visits to dialysis clinics three times each week for hours at a time. Albert Wu, MD, MPH, associate professor in the School's Department of Health Policy and Management, said, "These findings have important implicatio...
Widely used anti-nausea drug may interfere with cancer chemotherapy
...cer patients with dexamethasone (known as Dex), an artificial
glucocorticoid. A careful search of the literature on dexamethasone uncovered another surprise. "Remarkably," the authors note, no clinical studies had ever addressed the potential effects on tumor response of administering Dex before routine chem...
Study compares overnight dialysis to treatment in centers
...nter. The study involves hemodialysis, a type of artificial
kidney treatment where the blood is cleaned by a kidney dialysis machine. It is the most common form of dialysis. It is also known as chronic dialysis therapy because the patient's kidneys have permanently failed, requiring dialysis for the rest of t...
Study shows 'gaming' in heart transplant system
...out a transplant. Generally, patients who required artificial
devices to keep their heart working or who were hospitalized in an intensive care unit were automatically classified as Status 1, the highest priority. Their status did not need to be clinically verified and doctors could leave their patients on the ...
Optical glucose sensor holds promise for diabetics and intensive care patients
...he crucial "missing link" in the development of an artificial
pancreas. Insulin pumps are already available tha...ng themselves injections. In concept, at least, an artificial
pancreas is simply a continuous glucose monitor connected to an insulin pump that is programmed to d...
Disc replacement in neck relieves pain, restores mobility
...y replacing the problem disc with a metal-on-metal artificial
disc, according to the results of a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine & Peripheral Nerves. "Implanting this device in the neck may be an effective alternat...
Self-assembling proteins could help repair human tissue
...University researchers have created a new class of artificial
proteins that can assemble themselves into a gel and encourage the growth of selected cell types. This biomaterial, which can be tailored to send different biological signals to cells, is expected to help scientists who are developing new ways to rep...
Computerized prescriber order entry systems may have limited impact on patient harm
... "Because current CPOE systems have limited artificial
intelligence, the involvement of the physicians and pharmacists remains critical to the medication process," adds Anne Bobb, RPh, a patient safety research pharmacist at Northwestern Memorial Hospital. "Pharmacists understand the complexity of medic...
When 'switched on' muscle stem cells morph to resemble nerve cells
...look and act like neurons (nerve cells). Using an artificial
gene they created, the researchers "switched on" a...le differentiation research. Majumder devised the artificial
gene that played a key role in the experiments several years ago when studying how neural stem cells...
Research study profiles indoor tanners
...and moderate exposure to UV light from natural or artificial
sources is important to well-being, natural vitamin D production and disease prevention," Stepp said. "In addition, regular indoor tanners are becoming increasingly aware that the links between tanning and skin cancer have been brought into question...
Major study: Bioartificial liver reduces mortality by 44 percent in acute liver-failure patients
...ti-center trial examining the effectiveness of any artificial
liver support. Currently, standard treatment consists of intensive, supportive care intended to keep patients alive long enough that the liver might recover spontaneously or a donor organ will become available for transplantation. Acute liver failur...
Spinal disc repair start-up orthonics receives funding from Viscogliosi Brothers, LLC
...ed to create a more natural attachment between the artificial
material and bone or cartilage tissues. "We have a...poration of new bone and cartilage tissue into the artificial
material may allow Orthonics' devices to replace or repair portions of the spinal disc while elimina...
New computer technique differentiates malignant and benign calcifications on digital mammograms
...film mammograms. In addition, this system employs artificial
intelligence in that the computer "learns" how to automatically locate the calcifications and predict whether they are benign or malignant, Rana said. In the future the radiologist's assessment could be compared with the computer's assessment as a "d...
University of Maryland School of Medicine scientist receives prestigious presidential award
...ly different substances, such as table sugar or an artificial
sweetener. The research could lead to new and more versatile artificial
sweeteners that taste more like natural sugar. Alternative artificial
sweeteners could benefit thos...
GMC is right to appeal over life prolonging treatment
...who argued that it would allow doctors to withdraw artificial
nutrition and hydration from him if he lost mental...ion of life prolonging treatment in general and of artificial
nutrition and hydration in particular. He believes that the judgement itself extends far beyond this...
Livermore scientists join DOE consortium
...ring sight to millions of blind individuals. An artificial
retina could restore vision to millions of people ...ction of normal photoreceptive cells. The artificial
retina technology was featured today at the department's "What's Next Expo," an event designed to sh...
Herbal, nutritional supplements linked to ocular side effects
...in cosmetics, as a food coloring and to produce an artificial
suntan when taken orally, causes deposits of the drug in the retina. The deposits appear to be absorbed over time, but take years to disappear. Visual changes from this nutritional supplement are related to retinal abnormalities detected with visual ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7