Tag: "atherosclerosis" at medical news
Atherosclerosis more common, progresses quicker in HIV patients
...the controls. "In the HIV patients, the extent of atherosclerosis
was associated with classic cardiac risk factors such as age, cholesterol levels, cigarette smoking and high blood pressure," Hsue said. "There were also indications that HIV infection itself may play a role, since patients with the lowest CD4 immun...
Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly
...ugh various mechanisms. Chronic tobacco use causes atherosclerosis
and hypertension. This, and other effects of smoking, increase the risk of stroke and small, "silent" brain infarctions, Ott noted. "More in-depth studies are needed to verify if these or other factors are responsible for greater cognitive decline in...
Vitamins good for some older women/bad for others
... of haptoglobin-1 seem to have a decreased rate of atherosclerosis
when they take the vitamins, Levy and colleagues f...a three-year course of vitamin therapy slowed down atherosclerosis
in women with a pair of haptoglobin-1 genes. The beneficial combination of haptoglobin-1 and antioxi...
Atherosclerosis linked to depression in older persons
CHICAGO Older patients with atherosclerosis
(hardening of the arteries), are more likely to ha...fe depression. A theory has been put forward that atherosclerosis
may have an effect on the brain leading to depression later in life. Henning Tiemeier, M.D., Ph.D....
New light shed on atrial fibrillation after bypass surgery
...cluded older age, history of heart failure, aortic atherosclerosis
and the withdrawal of beta blockers and ACE inhibitors. "Patients with recurrent atrial fibrillation had longer hospital stays and experienced greater infectious, kidney and neurological complications than those with a single episode," Mathew said. "...
Calorie restriction drastically reduces risk of heart attack, stroke and diabetes
...ceride levels -- which, when elevated, can lead to atherosclerosis
-- were even more impressive in the calorie restri...asible and has a tremendous affect on the risk for atherosclerosis
and diabetes." The team currently is conducting a controlled, prospective study comparing ...
Two-way link between heart disease and autoimmunity
...and lupus are associated with an increased risk of atherosclerosis
and heart disease, which is the leading cause of d...icine, now shows that the converse is also true -- atherosclerosis
can make autoimmunity worse. Patients with autoimmune disease, in which the body's immune system att...
Hebrew University one of 25 institutions involved in new European Vascular Genomics Network
...ttacks and stroke, which predominantly result from atherosclerosis
(fatty deposits) in arteries, account for 80% of d...on that plays a crucial role in the development of atherosclerosis
(the endothelium is the inner lining of blood vessels); 2. Instability of the atherosclerotic plaque...
Study suggests breastfeeding reduces cardiovascular risk later in life
...ere breastfed were less likely to have markers for atherosclerosis
than preterm infants given formula milk. The inv...ss adolescent lipoprotein profile (an indicator of atherosclerosis
risk) was the ratio of 'bad' to 'good' (LDL to HDL) cholesterol, and concentrations of c-reactive pr...
Study finds once-daily Valcyte prevents serious viral infection after kidney transplant
...ronic rejection of transplanted organs, as well as atherosclerosis
in heart transplant patients. Studies have shown that CMV may be correlated with an increased risk of death after a transplant. The study evaluated 150 kidney transplant patients in a randomized, single-center, prospective trial. Patients were equa...
Moderate exercise and simple dietary supplements significantly reduce risk of atherosclerosis
...etary supplements significantly reduce the risk of atherosclerosis
because, combined, they boost the body's productio...h the supplements showed a 40 percent reduction in atherosclerosis
lesions compared with the mice that were on a regular, high cholesterol diet but neither given the s...
Antioxidant component of green tea blocks new but not established arterial plaque in mice
... effective in human trials if it is started before atherosclerosis
is established. "Most animal experiments evaluating the effects of antioxidants are started when the animals are young, while randomized clinical trials typically enroll adult patients with varying stages of plaques," said Kuang-Yuh Chyu, MD, PhD, c...
UW to lead most comprehensive study of air pollution and cardiovascular disease
...he study will look at both subclinical measures of atherosclerosis
-- by ultrasound of the carotid arteries and CT scan of the coronary arteries -- as well as clinical cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes. Exposure to air pollution will be calculated using state-of-the-art measurements from monito...
Dartmouth study suggests caution against using certain drugs to unclog heart arteries
...onsible for many cardiovascular diseases including atherosclerosis
and hypertension," Simons said. "This is the first time such a combination of angiogenesis-dependent and independent phases of smooth muscle growth has been proposed." Study co-authors are Dr. Rohit Khurana, who was a visiting Fulbright scholar from...
MRI can measure early benefits of cholesterol-lowering drugs and plaque reduction
...30 percent. Increased plaque formation is part of atherosclerosis
and consists of the buildup of fatty deposits - ha...deposits in plaque are a key indicator of how much atherosclerosis
a patient has at one point in time," said Lima. "Our results show the benefits of statins much earli...
Air pollution may cause and speed up artery disease
...erm air pollution exposure and the early stages of atherosclerosis
(hardening of the arteries). "We knew that people in more polluted areas die earlier from cardiovascular disease, but it was not clear how early in the disease process air pollution contributes. Our study found that air pollution may contribute to c...
Calcium channel blocker reduces adverse cardiovascular events in certain patients
...dence of slowing of progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis
with amlodipine. " the current study provides important new findings regarding the administration of antihypertensive agents to patients with CAD and a 'normal' blood pressure," the researchers write. "These results suggest that the optimal bl...
Estrogen-associated COX-2 pathways explain protection from heart disease in female mice
...at prostacyclin can modulate gender differences in atherosclerosis
and that estrogen increases prostacyclin in an animal model. In addition, this research also demonstrates that estrogen upregulates COX-2-dependent prostacyclin and that prostacyclin contributes to the atheroprotective effect of estrogen. Disabling ...
UCSD researchers identify new role for drugs in prevention, treatment of atherosclerosis
... formation of cholesterol-laden plaques that cause atherosclerosis
in artery walls, according to researchers at the U...s such as Rosiglitazone inhibit the development of atherosclerosis
in mice, they did not know, until now, the cascade of molecular events that accomplished this in the...
New drug protects against the hardening of arteries
...ers to investigate the effects of PPAR agonists on atherosclerosis
in mice. While studies have shown that PPARgamma agonists are beneficial in the treatment of atherosclerosis
in mice, the role of other members of this protein family have remained unclear. In the December 1 i...
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