Tag: "aureus" at medical news

Hospital acquired infections present major problem for infants in developing countries

...a such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus are the major causes of neonatal infections and de...n source of spread of infection for Staphylococcus aureus is the hands of health care providers. The authors also found that antimicrobial resistance in newbo...

Study suggests isolation of patients with MRSA does not reduce cross-infection in ICUs

... are caused by meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), especially within intensive-care units. Single room or group isolation of patients infected or colonised with MRSA is commonly used to reduce spread, but its benefit over and above other contact precautions is not known. Peter Wilson, Geoff ...

ZYVOX(R) demonstrates high success rate for patients who develop MRSA surgical site infections

...Is) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), according to data published in the Decembe...organisms: Nosocomial pneumonia caused by Staph aureus (methicillin-susceptible and -resistant strains) or Streptococcus pneumoniae (including multidrug-re...

News briefs from the Journal CHEST, November 2004

...c pathogens in their DPs, including Staphylococcus aureus and enteric Gram-negative bacilli, pathogens commonly found in elderly patients with severe pneumonia, and 14 patients (29%) developed HAP. Institutionalized elders comprise a population that frequently has DPs due to lack of oral hygiene, a decline ...

Some antibiotic resistance threat in hospitals could yield to hand washing

... a history of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection, after hospital stays averaging 1...n those given antibiotics and those who acquire S. aureus bacteria resistant to methicillin. MRSA infections can cause serious pneumonia or surgical wound inf...

Leading MRSA experts address emergence of 'superbug'

... emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), or what is commonly referred to as the "superbug." The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported a 40 percent increase in MRSA infections in 1999 compared to 1994-1998, largely in the hospital setting. Until recently, MRS...

Outbreak of skin infections sheds light on risk factors for bacterial resistance

...ons caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a report published in the May 1 issue of...us antibiotic use and a genetic predisposition. S. aureus is a common bacterium found on human nasal mucous membranes and skin, and strains that are resistant...

Linezolid is superior treatment for drug-resistant pneumonia

...nia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Once primarily associated with intensive care units, the strain has become increasingly common in the general population, particularly in children. "The reality is medicine is falling behind infectious organisms," says principal investigator ...

Lower social class linked to increased risk of postoperative MRSA infection

...infection with meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) than people from affluent social groups. This heightened risk is more likely to be a result of increased hospital visits rather than due to community-based MRSA infection. A link between social status and postoperative outcomes has not previou...

Study finds new antibiotic effective for diabetic foot infections

... methicillin. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a major cause of infections--including diabetic foot infections--both in hospitals and communities. For years the antibiotic vancomycin had been a last line of defense against infections caused by MRSA and other antibiotic-resistant...

Increasing MRSA in California jails

...large jump in methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). According to a study published in the Nove...e authors found that while there were six major S. aureus clonal groups present in their strain collection, two dominated: ST30:Z and ST8:S. Author Dr. Franco...

Pfizer's ZYVOX(TM) more effective than vancomycin in treating complicated SSTIs caused by MRSA

...used by known methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) compared to patients treated with intraveno...h confirmed methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infections could be switched to an oral or IV anti-staphylococcal penicillin. Test-of-cure a...

Dispute over toxic shock syndrome

... of the toxin TSST-1. It is made by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, which usually live harmlessly in the anaerobic conditions of the vagina but ramp up production of the toxin when exposed to the air trapped in tampons. But why do so few of the estimated 50 million women in the US using tampons get ill? Al...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for June 2003 (second issue)

...aerobic bacteria at 16 percent, and Staphylococcus aureus at 12 percent. According to the authors, the crude mortality rate among the elderly patients studied was 33 percent for the aerobic group. The research is published in the second issue for June 2003 of the American Thoracic Society's peer-reviewed ...

Raisins may find use in jerky

...ent in food borne illness: E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes. "Raisins performed as an antimicrobial at least as well as sodium nitrite in jerky," said Daeschel. Sodium nitrite has been found to break down into cancer-causing chemicals during digestion. In addition inhibiting bacte...

New type of antiobiotic tackles hard-to-treat pediatric infections

...ria including methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant staphylococcus epidermidis. The multi-center study involved 52 sites nationwide, including Baylor/Texas Children's. It enrolled 316 children from birth to age 11, including 63 neonates. The study was an open-label, ra...

The lancet infectious diseases (TLID) October press release

... sexually transmitted infections. Staphylococcus aureus disease in drug users...

NICHD scientists develop vaccine against deadly hospital-acquired infection

... New England Journal of Medicine. "Staphylococcus aureus bacteria can be life-threatening and are rapidly g...ful new way to prevent the thousands of serious S. aureus infections that occur each year." S. aureus is an opportunistic bacteria--infecting people whose i...

Penn researchers identify new cost-effective antibiotic treatment which shortens patient stays

...g treated for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, caused by bacteria resistant to all but the most powerful antibiotics. One group of patients received the new antibiotic linezolid (trade name ZYVOX), available in intravenous (IV) and tablet forms, and another received the most c...

Nabi StaphVAX elicits antibodies with in vitro activity against antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains

...hat human antibodies elicited by Nabi StaphVAX (S. aureus Polysaccharide Conjugate Vaccine), an investigatio...nt to protect at-risk patients from Staphylococcus aureus blood infections, might be able to combat both antibiotic resistant as well as antibiotic sensitive ...

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