Tag: "authors" at medical news

Training could remove racial bias from police reactions

...presence of a weapon, eliminated racial bias," the authors state. In the simulation, images of White and Blac...the suspect was unarmed and the officer shot. The authors stated, "These findings have important implications for both the elimination of racial biases in gen...

More training needed to care for growing geriatric population

...patients are to nonprimary-care specialists." The authors reviewed program requirements of 91 specialties accredited by the residency review committees of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). They found, as of 2003, that only 27 of the 91 specialties had specific geriatric train...

Influenza vaccination programmes for children in USA and Canada based on little evidence

...ared with placebo or no intervention. However, the authors note that these conclusions are based on a small number of studies. Dr Jefferson concludes: "We have identified a large dataset showing reasonable quality evidence of efficacy of influenza vaccines in children age 2 years or older, especially for tw...

Unsafe water and poor sanitation causes 4000 children to die each day

...ld do not have access to a simple pit latrine. The authors state that although access to safe drinking water ...t the MDG water and sanitation target by 2015. The authors write that this requires neither colossal sums of money nor scientific breakthroughs or technologica...

Infectious microorganism linked to kidney stones and other diseases

...tone formation in astronauts on space travels. The authors of a study published in Kidney International call for a "Major Initiative" to investigate nanobacteria. Nanobacteria (NB), a novel self-replicating, mineralizing agent, has been identified by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) scie...

Elderly receiving inappropriate prescriptions from their doctor's office

...of research and media coverage of this issue," the authors write, calling their work indicative of "the need to understand more fully the rationale behind the continued use of these medications." An association between potentially inappropriate medications and negative outcomes would support the position tha...

CK2 protein sustains colon cancer cells by sabotaging ability to commit suicide

...for solid tumors based on her St. Jude work. Other authors of the article are Leslie Douglas and Addison Delaney (St. Jude)....

Protein that promotes survival of stem cells might be key to poor leukemia prognosis

...cells control the powerful effects of Mcl-1. Other authors of this study are Hiromi Iwasaki, Christy C. Ong, Heikyung Suh, Shin-ichi Mizuno, Koichi Akashi and Stanley J. Korsmeyer (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute)....

Hormone therapy increases risk of urinary incontinence

...tablished risks and benefits of these agents," the authors conclude....

Study examines three-day antibiotic regimens for treating bladder infection in women

... and second-line antibiotics is not feasible," the authors write....

Treatment guidelines for kids with bipolar disorder published

...e guidelines. In addition to Dr. Kowatch, other authors of the guidelines include Mary Fristad, Ph.D., director of Research & Psychological Services at Ohio State University; Boris Birmaher, M.D., head of the Children's Mood Disorders Center at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic in Pittsburgh; Kare...

Cancer in patients with hepatitis C

... a nationwide cohort of HCV-infected persons," the authors report. "Although the delayed diagnosis of hepatitis C most probably has made us underestimate the risk, this study showed that the risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma were significantly increased."...

Celecoxib safe for short-term use in patients with cirrhosis

...al anti-inflammatory drugs in these patients," the authors report. "Further studies using COX-2 inhibitors for a longer period of time are required to confirm this contention." The researchers used a short-term administration of the drugs in question to prevent any significant impairment in kidney function....

Insurance incentives might help smokers quit, study says

...an those receiving no benefit, according to review authors Janneke Kaper of Maastricht University in the Netherlands and colleagues. The actual increase in quit rates was slight, however. In studies where a full benefit was compared to no benefit, abstinence rates among smokers rose 2 percentage points, Kape...

Antimicrobials to prevent infection in major surgery are used properly only about half the time

...0s and has been repeatedly demonstrated since, the authors report. "Antimicrobial prophylaxis (preventive tre...bials during the 60 minutes before incision," the authors write. "Prior studies have demonstrated that timing is critical to the effectiveness of prophylaxis,...

Similar results found in both older and younger patients undergoing weight-loss surgery

...tancy and the quality of life in older adults, the authors suggest the benefits of such surgery may need to b...early identical to those of younger patients," the authors write. "Younger patients can be expected to demonstrate greater weight loss. Similarly, younger pati...

Assessing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in snorers

...dered the gold standard for diagnosis of OSAS, the authors note, both of these current techniques are cumbers...ish patients with OSAS from snoring patients," the authors write. "In our opinion, all patients seeking treatment for snoring should be screened overnight usin...

Use of cell phone images appears feasible for visualizing leg wounds

...ally important application of teledermatology, the authors suggest. Ralph Peter Braun, M.D., of University H...sed on the pictures in 50 cases (82 percent)," the authors state. To compare the results, the researchers used a statistical analysis which measures agreement ...

Physical activity linked to protection from Parkinson's disease

...icipants who were the least physically active. The authors also found that men who reported regularly having engaged in strenuous physical activity in early adult life cut the risk for Parkinson's by 60 percent compared to those who did not. Among women in the study, strenuous activity in the early adult y...

Psychiatric disorders greatly underdiagnosed in hospital emergency departments

...f different racial groups, and physician bias. The authors say it is possible that African Americans simply h...e among Caucasians," according to the authors. The authors also note that the observed race disparity may be limited to emergency departments that have a predo...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... variant specifically associated with the risk of a ... cent of all breast cancer cases. , The ... called invasive lobular carcinoma, gives researchers important clues ... of breast cancer, which can be missed through ... the journal PloS Genetics , was co-led ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... In the April issue of Experimental Biology ... by Drs. Rex Gaskins and Paul Kenis in ... campus of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign describe ... reduction-oxidation reactions underlie a variety of cell functions ... to these crucial roles in regulating normal cellular ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, MD, was recently invited to ... Nature Reviews Microbiology , one of the ... world-renowned infectious disease specialist, and chair of the ... Health Science Center, analyzed the epidemiology and microbiology ... pandemics, as well as more recent 2009 novel ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... million older Americans suffer from depression, often brought on ... research a project that followed the lives of ... found that Internet use among the elderly can reduce ... , "That,s a very strong effect," said Shelia Cotten, ... and media who led the project. "And it all ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered that the anti-seizure ... model. The findings, reported in the American ... lead to more effective treatments for alcoholism. , ... leading causes of illness and death in the ... limiting the productivity of workers and necessitating huge ...
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