Tag: "authors" at medical news
Training could remove racial bias from police reactions
...presence of a weapon, eliminated racial bias," the authors
state. In the simulation, images of White and Blac...the suspect was unarmed and the officer shot. The authors
stated, "These findings have important implications for both the elimination of racial biases in gen...
More training needed to care for growing geriatric population
...patients are to nonprimary-care specialists." The authors
reviewed program requirements of 91 specialties accredited by the residency review committees of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). They found, as of 2003, that only 27 of the 91 specialties had specific geriatric train...
Influenza vaccination programmes for children in USA and Canada based on little evidence
...ared with placebo or no intervention. However, the authors
note that these conclusions are based on a small number of studies. Dr Jefferson concludes: "We have identified a large dataset showing reasonable quality evidence of efficacy of influenza vaccines in children age 2 years or older, especially for tw...
Unsafe water and poor sanitation causes 4000 children to die each day
...ld do not have access to a simple pit latrine. The authors
state that although access to safe drinking water ...t the MDG water and sanitation target by 2015. The authors
write that this requires neither colossal sums of money nor scientific breakthroughs or technologica...
Infectious microorganism linked to kidney stones and other diseases
...tone formation in astronauts on space travels. The authors
of a study published in Kidney International call for a "Major Initiative" to investigate nanobacteria. Nanobacteria (NB), a novel self-replicating, mineralizing agent, has been identified by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) scie...
Elderly receiving inappropriate prescriptions from their doctor's office
...of research and media coverage of this issue," the authors
write, calling their work indicative of "the need to understand more fully the rationale behind the continued use of these medications." An association between potentially inappropriate medications and negative outcomes would support the position tha...
CK2 protein sustains colon cancer cells by sabotaging ability to commit suicide
...for solid tumors based on her St. Jude work. Other authors
of the article are Leslie Douglas and Addison Delaney (St. Jude)....
Protein that promotes survival of stem cells might be key to poor leukemia prognosis
...cells control the powerful effects of Mcl-1. Other authors
of this study are Hiromi Iwasaki, Christy C. Ong, Heikyung Suh, Shin-ichi Mizuno, Koichi Akashi and Stanley J. Korsmeyer (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute)....
Hormone therapy increases risk of urinary incontinence
...tablished risks and benefits of these agents," the authors
Study examines three-day antibiotic regimens for treating bladder infection in women
... and second-line antibiotics is not feasible," the authors
Treatment guidelines for kids with bipolar disorder published
...e guidelines. In addition to Dr. Kowatch, other authors
of the guidelines include Mary Fristad, Ph.D., director of Research & Psychological Services at Ohio State University; Boris Birmaher, M.D., head of the Children's Mood Disorders Center at Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic in Pittsburgh; Kare...
Cancer in patients with hepatitis C
... a nationwide cohort of HCV-infected persons," the authors
report. "Although the delayed diagnosis of hepatitis C most probably has made us underestimate the risk, this study showed that the risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma were significantly increased."...
Celecoxib safe for short-term use in patients with cirrhosis
...al anti-inflammatory drugs in these patients," the authors
report. "Further studies using COX-2 inhibitors for a longer period of time are required to confirm this contention." The researchers used a short-term administration of the drugs in question to prevent any significant impairment in kidney function....
Insurance incentives might help smokers quit, study says
...an those receiving no benefit, according to review authors
Janneke Kaper of Maastricht University in the Netherlands and colleagues. The actual increase in quit rates was slight, however. In studies where a full benefit was compared to no benefit, abstinence rates among smokers rose 2 percentage points, Kape...
Antimicrobials to prevent infection in major surgery are used properly only about half the time
...0s and has been repeatedly demonstrated since, the authors
report. "Antimicrobial prophylaxis (preventive tre...bials during the 60 minutes before incision," the authors
write. "Prior studies have demonstrated that timing is critical to the effectiveness of prophylaxis,...
Similar results found in both older and younger patients undergoing weight-loss surgery
...tancy and the quality of life in older adults, the authors
suggest the benefits of such surgery may need to b...early identical to those of younger patients," the authors
write. "Younger patients can be expected to demonstrate greater weight loss. Similarly, younger pati...
Assessing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in snorers
...dered the gold standard for diagnosis of OSAS, the authors
note, both of these current techniques are cumbers...ish patients with OSAS from snoring patients," the authors
write. "In our opinion, all patients seeking treatment for snoring should be screened overnight usin...
Use of cell phone images appears feasible for visualizing leg wounds
...ally important application of teledermatology, the authors
suggest. Ralph Peter Braun, M.D., of University H...sed on the pictures in 50 cases (82 percent)," the authors
state. To compare the results, the researchers used a statistical analysis which measures agreement ...
Physical activity linked to protection from Parkinson's disease
...icipants who were the least physically active. The authors
also found that men who reported regularly having engaged in strenuous physical activity in early adult life cut the risk for Parkinson's by 60 percent compared to those who did not. Among women in the study, strenuous activity in the early adult y...
Psychiatric disorders greatly underdiagnosed in hospital emergency departments
...f different racial groups, and physician bias. The authors
say it is possible that African Americans simply h...e among Caucasians," according to the authors. The authors
also note that the observed race disparity may be limited to emergency departments that have a predo...
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