Tag: "autistic" at medical news
Rhesus monkeys reason about perspectives of others in obtaining food
...es of autism. "There are many studies showing that autistic
children don't look at the eyes of others in the w...n the course of social interactions, and also that autistic
children don't use eye gaze information to make social and mental judgments about others," he said. ...
Study: Eye contact triggers threat signals in autistic children's brains
...t the University of Wisconsin-Madison suggest that autistic
children shy from eye contact because they perceiv...able threat. The work deepens understanding of an autistic
brain's function and may one day inform new treatment approaches and augment how teachers interact w...
Potential treatment for Fragile X Syndrome demonstrated in fruit fly model
...0, deficits in certain types of short-term memory, autistic
behavior, sleep problems, hyperactivity, attention deficits, and susceptibility to seizures. In humans, Fragile X syndrome is caused by the FMR1 gene not working properly or at all. This gene encodes the FMRP protein, which controls the availability ...
Abnormal brain activity during the observation of others' actions
...etic stimulation, the researchers showed that when autistic
subjects passively viewed meaningless finger movements, brain activity in the motor cortex was unchanged from baseline values, whereas this activity was markedly enhanced in non-autistic individuals. The work suggests that a faulty mirror-neuron syst...
Brain inflammation found in autism
...ing the dynamic changes that occur in the brain of autistic
patients during childhood and adulthood. Although they may lend themselves to development of new medical treatments for autism, much more research would be needed to establish the validity of this approach," said Pardo. Among the next steps in this l...
Swallowing multiple magnets poses danger to children
... wrote the letter to Radiology after a 12-year-old autistic
boy was admitted to CCHMC with abdominal pain. Abdominal x-rays revealed multiple objects with metallic density throughout the small intestine and possibly the large intestine. The next day, surgeons removed a large number of small magnets that had b...
MRI shows brain changes underlying language deficits in autism
...maging study shows clear brain differences between autistic
boys with language impairment and those with norma...e brain -- Broca's area -- is apparently normal in autistic
boys who have normal language capabilities. By contrast, autistic
boys with language problems have b...
Imaging studies clarify brain changes associated with language deficits in autism
...ualistic behavior. In previous imaging studies of autistic
boys, Harris's group identified an alteration in ... The 2002 MGH study showed that most right-handed autistic
boys had a reversal of this pattern, with the larger area on the right side. Other researchers ...
News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
...unaffected, the hippocampus was slightly larger in autistic
subjects than controls. Interestingly, the amygdala of children, but not adolescents, was larger with autism, regardless of retardation. The comparison confirmed a 40% increase in the amygdala of normal children between age 7.5 and 18.5 that seems to...
National Academies news: vaccines and autism
...ere developmental disorders -- also referred to as autistic
spectrum disorders -- characterized by sustained impairments in social interaction and communication abilities, as well as restricted or repetitive patterns of behaviors and interests. It is unclear how many cases of autism there are, but two review...
Speech recognition experts at OGI School of Science & Engineering receive nearly $700,000 in grants
...elp non-native speakers learn English, and to give autistic
people more ways to communicate, van Santen said. Center for Spoken Language Understanding assistant professor Peter Heeman, Ph.D., also has received a three-year $580,000 grant from the National Science Foundation, in conjunction with University of...
MGH study details brain changes in autism, language disorder
...erve impulses to be transmitted properly. In both autistic
and DLD patients, the most enlarged areas were tho...ic behavior. Many earlier studies have shown that autistic
children often have unusually large brains and experience rapid brain growth in the first years of l...
Majority of authors retract 1998 Lancet paper-Lancet editor points to implications
... believe it important that such work continues, as autistic
children can potentially be helped by recognition and treatment of gastrointestinal problems. We wish to make it clear that in this paper no causal link was established between MMR vaccine and autism as the data were insufficient. However, the possib...
Many children with autism may receive complementary or alternative treatments
...uated at the Hospital's Regional Autism Center for autistic
spectrum disorder. They found that 90 children, or...ds," she added. Nevertheless, parents of some autistic
children may choose to try other sources of treatment in hopes of alleviating symptoms of the condit...
Using fMRI technology to understand hyperlexia
...they display some characteristics of autism. Like autistic
children, children with hyperlexia have extreme difficulty with oral communication, social interaction and expression, and yet can read surprisingly well at a very young age. By some accounts, hyperlexic children can read at 18 months, sometimes two...
'Shifty-eyed' monkeys offer window into brain's social reflexes
... treatments for autism and better methods to teach autistic
children. The researchers, post-doctoral fellow R...ntion." Such deficits not only cause problems for autistic
children in everyday social interactions, said Platt, but also in teaching them. "When you're teachi...
Some autistic children make remarkable progress with intensive behavioral program, study suggests
... A new study provides confirmation that some young autistic
children can make remarkable progress when they pa...ogram, which some believe is the best way to treat autistic
children. "We were taught at one time that it couldn't happen people who were mentally retarded cou...
M.I.N.D. Institute study confirms autism increase
...sons behind significant increases in the number of autistic
children entering the state's 21 regional centers. A 1999 report by the California Department of Developmental Services (DDS), which operates the centers, found a 273 percent increase in autism cases between 1987 and 1998. The report was the catalyst...
Gastrointestinal symptoms not linked to later autism
...intestinal symptoms before their presentation with autistic
behaviour. However, the children described by Wakefield and colleagues had symptomatic gastrointestinal disease. They also cannot exclude the possibility that severe gastrointestinal disease may be associated with the development of autism in certai...
Treatment for behavioral disorders in children with autism
... of serious behavioral disturbance associated with autistic
disorder in children ages 5 to 17. The findings of the large, multi-site, eight-week, placebo-controlled clinical trial, which was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), are being published this week in the New England Journal of ...