Tag: "babies" at medical news
Use Of Surfectant Therapy Widens Gap In Death Rate Of Black And White Newborns
...nfants.Moreover, the death rate of black and white babies
who received surfactantwas not significantly diffe...herapy died. "On the surface, it looked like black babies
didn't get as muchsurfactant, and therefore didn't have a reduction in mortality," Hamvassaid. "But,...
Maternal Exposure To Crack Cocaine Produces Stressed Newborns
..., R.I.--Crack-smoking pregnant women give birth to babies
whotwitch, tremble and arch their backs more than ...0 infants and children. Given that studiesof crack babies
in the 1980s produced conflicting findings and were biased attimes by unscientific techniques, the B...
Partial Liquid Breathing Improves Lung Function, Chances of Survival in Sick Preemies
...infants, develops because the lungs of these tiny babies
have yet to secrete surfactant, the substance that prevents the air sacs from collapsing. Conventional therapy for this condition -- increasing the pressure and oxygen concentration inside the lung in an effort to force more oxygen into the blood s...
Means To Predict Which HIV+ Infants Will Rapidly Develop AIDS Outlined By Emory University Researchers
...nt of AIDS means that doctors may now target these babies
for early, powerful therapies, report Emory University researchers in this week's New England Journal of Medicine . Infants who test positive for HIV can generally be divided into two groups: those in whom AIDS symptoms develop quickly and aggressi...
Postmature Infants Not As Easily Calmed As Other Newborns
...in the uterus after they should have beenborn. The babies
generally do not behave normally, although theyusu...n no special attention. An estimated 10 percent of babies
are born with a condition knownas Clifford's postmaturity syndrome, but little research has beendone...
Premature Birth Sometimes Can Adversely Affect Infant's Ties To Mother
...l technology's ability tokeep increasingly younger babies
alive may impact early cognitive development.Resea...ears. "At 19 months, 75 percent ofnormal full-term babies
were rated as secure, but attachment security forvery low birth-weight babies
was just under 50 perc...
Mother's Milk: Nutrition And Nurture For Infants -- And The Best Defense Against Disease
...ealth and otheradvantages of breastfeeding to both babies
and their mothers. Breastfeeding is acknow... Long known to be true, too, is that breast-fed babies
experience fewerand less serious incidences of disease and allergy than formula-fed babies.Gastroint...
Do Deaths Of Babies From Birth Asphyxia Vary Depending On When They Are Born?
...in all Wales perinatal survey, 1993-5) Deaths of babies
around the time of their birth, although rare, seem to be more common at night and during months when annual leave is popular, suggest Stewart et al in this week's BMJ. The authors raise concerns about the variability of care around the time of deli...
X-Rays: How Big A Risk To Kids? UF Researchers Seek Answers
... patients in critical wards. Doctors give babies
more X-rays because they often use medical devicessuch ascatheters in treating the babies
and because infants experience much morerapid internalchanges than adults, said Jon Williams, chief ...
Procter & Gamble Supports Yale University Collaboration For Public Health Training Throughout China
... prevention project; a survey on tetanus innewborn babies
in Qinghai Province; a study of nutrition and cardiovasculardisease; and a study measuring the burden of disease on families andcommunities. "P&G cares about the communities where it does business", said DimitriPanayotopoulos, president, P&G ...
Study Questions Common Practice Of Steroid Administration To Induce Lung Development In Premature Infants
...eek treatment period the treatmentswere switched: babies
in group one received placebo for two weeks and babies
ingroup two who were still on the ventilator received a two-week course ofdexamethasone. T...
Health Risk To "Cigarette Babies" Is Neglected, Duke Scientist Charges
...s of thousands andpossibly over a hundred thousand babies
each year in utero," he said in aninterview. "It ... "It's one thing to have a large number of babies
needing intensive carein the First World where we have the facilities and can afford it. But in theT...
Extreme Prematurity Brings Two-Fold Increase In Risk Of Repeating A Grade, Needing Special Education
...eds of these children are no greater than those of babies
born prematurely before the use of surfactant and ... treatments that now enable neonatologists to save babies
born as much as 16 weeks early. "When neonatologists became able to save these very tiny babies...
Infants With Eye Problem Sought For NIH-Sponsored Study Of Congenital Esotropia
...and researchers hope to gather information from200 babies
with the eye disorder by December of 1998. While it is common for newborns' eyes to turn out (exotropia), it is unusualfor them to turn in, or 'cross' (esotropia), says Dr. Wright. "The purposeof this study," he adds, "is to help determine whether tr...
Cedars-Sinai Medical News Tips
...GHT FOR NATIONWIDE CONGENITAL ESOTROPIA STUDY 200 babies
(age 9 to 17 weeks) whose eyes cross are needed for a nationwideCongenital Esotropia observational study. The study is sponsored by theNational Institutes of Health and there is no fee to participate. Study isbeing conducted by NIH-certified investig...
University Of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) Study: Parents' Wishes, Uncertainty Determine Resuscitation Of Premature Infants
...LL--Doctors usually resuscitate extremelypremature babies
at birth when they are uncertain about how the inf...ensive care significantly postponesdeath among the babies
that don't survive." A report on the research appears in the September issue of Pediatrics, ...
Study Ties Cerebral Palsy To Inflammation And Blood-Clotting Abnormalities
...isorder. The study may lead to ways of identifying babies
at risk for CP and ultimatelyto new therapies that...fterbirth. The results were dramatic. All of the babies
who later developed CP hadhigher concentrations of five different cytokines in their blood than any ...
Painful Births For Babies Could Lead To Violent Suicide In Adulthood
...Bygdeman from the Karolinska Institute studied 645 babies
born in Sweden between 1945 and 80, of whom 242 ha...blings. They also found that the mothers of these babies
were, on average, given fewer painkillers. The authors conclude that obstetric procedures should b...
Now Is Time To Design Brain-Saving Drugs Specifically For Children, UCSF Neurologist Says
...tudies to efforts to improvediagnosis and care for babies
whose brains have been deprived of oxygen. Herresearch group also is working on an animal model for hypoxia-ischemia that willallow them to test not only whether infant rats survive an incident of asphyxiabut whether they grow up with the ability to...
A New Era In Newborn Screening
The early hospital discharge of mothers and babies
under managed care hasthreatened doctors' traditional ability to detect and treat congenitaldisorders. In the December issue of Clinical Chemistry, investigators at DukeUniversity and the California Department of Health Services report on a new testf...
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