Tag: "babies" at medical news
Could a mandated food additive aimed at better fetal development be a risk for seniors?
... fortify with folic acid to better assure that all babies
are born healthy, the government should also encourage deficiency screening of the elderly to ascertain that such laudable efforts do not come at the expense of inadvertent harm to others....
U.S. News & World Report ranks The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia the top pediatric center
...ically advanced, multidisciplinary care for unborn babies
with genetic or anatomical abnormalities. Center physicians are considered pioneers in the innovative field of fetal surgery....
Thymus transplant might save babies born without immune systems
...red the procedure to transplant thymus tissue into babies
with DiGeorge Syndrome to enable their bodies to l...geons to expose the heart. Markert asks parents of babies
undergoing heart surgery for permission to use any discarded thymus tissue to help a child with DiGe...
Scientists develop greater accuracy in recording babys heart rates in the womb
...gy organisation, to study the heart rate of unborn babies
in minute detail. The technique, reported in this months British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, will allow doctors to monitor the health of babies' hearts and obtain the full fetal ECG (fECG), particularly during high risk pregnancies, such ...
Babbling key to evaluating speech development in babies with hearing loss
... a result, within the first two years of life more babies
and toddlers are receiving hearing aids or cochlear implants, which are surgically implanted electronic devices that process sound and directly stimulate the auditory nerve. "More than 40 states now implement universal infant hearing screenings, so t...
Clinical study of Penn State Hershey technology begins in South Africa
...se the chest wall stabilizer, a device that allows babies
with respiratory distress to breathe easier. "Although the device could be an option for babies
who need help with breathing in technologically-advanced hospitals like those in the United States, ...
Scientists shed new light on speed of infant learning
...postulate that object knowledge could be something babies
are born with. But new research by a team of psych...e unobscured trajectory. The team also found that babies
who were six months of age had already grasped the fundamentals of object concepts, suggesting that ...
Dental procedure may reduce risk of premature birth
...ording to new study findings. Nearly 12 percent of babies
in this country are born preterm (before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy), which increases their risk of death and lasting disabilities, such as mental retardation, cerebral palsy, lung and gastrointestinal problems, and vision and hearing loss. The ...
UCSD researchers identify chromosome location for 2nd form of Joubert syndrome
...normal breathing pattern called hypernea, in which babies
pant; abnormal eye and tongue movements; and mild or moderate retardation. The type of Joubert syndrome now traced to chromosome 11 also includes eye or kidney problems, in addition to the classical symptoms associated with the disorder. "The hunt f...
Nevirapine sustains advantage over AZT during breastfeeding period
... percent risk reduction for the NVP group when the babies
were 6 to 8 weeks of age. The cost savings of usin...ime of greatest risk of HIV transmission. Although babies
in both groups continued to acquire HIV throughout the study, they did so at approximately the same ...
Further evidence for effectiveness of nevirapine in reducing mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
...ntrapartum/neonatal zidovudine regimen when 87% of babies
in the trial had reached age 14-16 weeks. The same...mothers up to six weeks after delivery and for all babies
up to 18 months of age. From late 1997 to early 1999, HIV-1 infected pregnant women in Kampala, Ugan...
Low and high birthweight increase risk of cerebral palsy
... cerebral palsy; at the other end of the spectrum, babies
born in the top 3% range for birthweight have up t...esearch has indicated that low birthweight in term babies
is associated with increased risk of cerebral palsy. Stephen Jarvis from the University of Newcastl...
'Genetic switch' proves two mechanisms exist by which immune system cells differentiate
...ly erodes. This is one reason why older people and babies
are frequently sickened by or die from diseases that cause little harm to those from their teenage years to midlife. Likewise, certain diseases can kill off T-cells, making the body vulnerable to a host of infectious diseases, almost as if their bod...
Deadly decision: Where should baby sleep?
...ffocation that is as much as 40 times greater than babies
who sleep in standard cribs, a Saint Louis Univers...trics. "The odds of death go up dramatically among babies
who use adult beds," says James Kemp, M.D., one of the researchers and an associate professor of ped...
Antiretroviral therapy after birth decreases mother-to-child HIV transmission
Antiretroviral therapy given to babies
after birth offers protection against HIV infectio...researchers also report that giving these drugs to babies
after birth is easier to administer when compared to giving antiretrovirals to mothers during pregna...
Antiretrovirals reduce mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission when started after childbirth
...T highlight how antiretroviral therapy targeted at babies
soon after childbirth (because their mothers' HIV ...ssessed whether nevirapine and zidovudine given to babies
only reduced HIV-1 transmission more than nevirapine alone. Over 1100 babies
of Malawian women with...
Brain may 'hard-wire' sexuality before birth
...y offer physicians a tool for gender assignment of babies
born with ambiguous genitalia. "Our findings may help answer an important question -- why do we feel male or female?" said Dr. Eric Vilain, assistant professor of human genetics and urology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and a pediatr...
Resurgent rickets - Call for vitamin D supplementation for pregnant women and children
...ithout vitamin D supplementation, particularly for babies
whose mothers are vitamin D deficient; reduced opportunities for production of the vitamin in the skin because of female modesty and fear of skin cancer; and the high prevalence of rickets in immigrant groups in more temperate regions. Nick Bishop c...
UK childhood blindness more common than previously thought
... diversity and greater survival of low-birthweight babies
is contributing to a higher proportion of children...enced by the increased survival of low-birthweight babies
and the susceptibility of children from ethnic minorities to certain ocular conditions. Jugnoo Rahi ...
Scientists identify novel enzyme with key role in leukemia protein's normal function
...per. Mixed lineage leukemia strikes fewer than 100 babies
every year in the United States, but it is typically fatal in 60 percent. It is caused by damage to the MLL gene, which then makes a mutant MLL protein. James Hsieh, MD, PhD, and Emily Cheng, PhD, are the paper's first and second authors, respectivel...
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