Tag: "bias" at medical news
Study Demonstrates Safety & Effectiveness Of Asthma Drug
...uninformed of the preliminaryresults, so as not to bias
the collection of the data. And when the hugemound of data is collected, the statisticians must distill out the resultsvery quickly. The DCC at Hershey did an outstanding job. They cleaned upand analyzed the data very quickly." The study speaks to t...
Physicians' Opinions Influenced By Drug Industry
...determine for themselves if there is any potential bias
inan author's position," says Detsky. "Editors of ...respecific in their determination of any potential bias
when requesting editorialmaterial," he adds, suggesting editors provide potential authors a question...
Adverse Drug Reactions Are Under Reported
... The authors believe that under-reporting and this bias
in reporting needs to be addressed and that doctors should report all adverse reactions, however minor, that their patients have to drugs that have recently been launched onto the market, to enable effective postmarketing surveillance to take place. ...
National Science Foundation Awards Knowledge And Distributed Intelligence Grants
...ical understanding of the role of representational bias
in guiding collaborative learning and problem solving processes. Such an understanding will inform the design of more effective collaborative learning and distance learning environments, and will also have applications to the design of representatio...
In Battle For Attention, Left Side Of Brain Wins Over The Right, UF Researchers Find
...n the left than on the right, a visual attentional bias
that causes peopleto be drawn toward the distraction," said Dr. Anna Barrett, a visitingresearch assistant professor in the UF College of Medicine's department ofneurology. "For U.S. drivers, 'left far space' is extremely important, because that isw...
Dartmouth researchers urge caution in communicating results to public
...which claimed to document evidence of sex and race bias
inthe evaluation of chest pain, appeared in the New England Journal of Medicine(February 25). The study was based on a controlled experiment in which primarycare physicians watched video-taped interviews of "patients," portrayed byactors (two races,...
Racial disparity in lung cancer treatment must be overcome, UCSF specialists assert
...ancer." They state further that any evidence that bias
on the part of physicians--eitherovert prejudice o...le." They also add that they don't know ifthis bias
exists, but "we must strive to remove any barrier" against blacks. The co-authors note that some of ...
Of vasectomies, vitamins and prostate-cancer risk: Hutchinson Center study examines the links
...wed substantially by factors rangingfrom selection bias
to second-hand data collection, other investigations of morerigorous scientific design reported conflicting results that raised legitimateconcern about a possible association between vasectomy and prostate cancer,Stanford says. The Hutchinson Center'...
Women medical school faculty perceive gender bias, sexual harassment
... And more than half the women reported that gender bias
had hindered their professional advancement, compa...cus on medical school faculty."The issue of gender bias
in medical schools has broad impact. If we don't correct this now, it will be passed on to the next ...
The gender effect: fatherhood spurs men to work longer hours -- especially if it's a boy!
...ed to see such a strong effect for the U.S. Gender bias
is apparently alive and well, here, as well."...
Gender bias in salaries among Pennsylvania M.D.'s, find University of Pittsburgh researchers
...these factors, investigators wonder whether gender bias
may contribute to the gap. Across the board, female physicians are more likely than men to be involved in the least lucrative medical specialties and to spend fewer hours per week working," said Dr. Ness. But even after adjusting for the compensa...
Workers' comp: perfect fit for chiropractic
...hiropractors for work injuries." America's medical bias
becomes particularly evident with companies that have international investments, says Robert Sherman, Esq., general counsel for the Ohio State Chiropractic Association. The Japanese, for example, advocate the most cost-effective health care provider...
Award-winning book looks at responsibility for sick babies in hospitals
... held improperly or being fed ineptly. Despite the bias
she felt because of her age, Sue took her parenting job seriously. She insisted that Tiffany be transferred to another hospital when she felt that nurses did not change the tracheostomy tube that connected Tiffany to the ventilator frequently enough ...
Artwork can sharpen medical diagnostic skills, Yale researchers report
...etails in the paintings because they do not have a bias
as to which visual attribute is moreimportant than another. This lowered threshold of observation has direct application to the examination of the patient."...
First report on sublethal effects of smoke available from NIST
...blic safety. On the other hand, overestimation can bias
the distribution and regulation of construction and furnishing materials, constrain and distort building design options, and drive up construction costs. Sound scientific information on this topic can only help product manufacturers, public policy ma...
Testing for alcohol problems in the workplace
...f great significance in order to minimize response bias
in self-reported drinking habits," he said, "as is the fact that the respondent should experience no negative consequences from giving an honest response. In fact, the basic precondition of the present study was to emphasize and demonstrate to the e...
Dartmouth research examines the value of cancer screening
...cer screening. However, two biasessticky-diagnosis bias
and slippery-linkage biasaffect such classificatio...attributed these discrepancies to the two forms of bias
that affect cause of death classifications. In one form, called sticky-diagnosis bias, deaths from o...
Misclassification of death may influence perceived value of cancer screening
...ors attributed these discrepancies to two forms of bias
that affect the classification of the cause of dea...ack and his colleagues suggests that both forms of bias
affected the randomized screening trials, but they argue that slippery-linkage bias
had a larger eff...
Filatov Eye Institute contests validity of recent study
...uestionnaires were returned, which may represent a bias
in that patients who were less satisfied with LASIK were more likely to fill out and return the questionnaire than more satisfied patients. LASIK is a safe procedure, says Dr. Filatov. However, consumers need to be aware of the importance of selecti...
UCSF study shows breast cancer screening programs that interpret the most mammograms
...th a lack of thoroughness in detecting cancer. The bias
for more biopsies in the U.S. may actually reflect a cultural bias
rather than a quality advantage, according to the authors. Many women undergo biopsies for benign f...
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