Tag: "biology" at medical news

UCSF study offers insight into human circadian rhythms

...of information regarding the genetic and molecular biology of circadian rhythms. As expected, the transgenic mice displayed the same abnormal sleeping pattern seen in the human cases of FASPS, as measured in the decrease in their wheel-running activity. Unexpectedly, however, the result was the opposite in t...

Mouse model reveals potential way to reduce cardiac deaths in kidney patients

...Nephrology and professor of pediatrics and of cell biology and physiology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. "The drug we used in the mice and other similar agents can treat both the phosphorous levels and skeletal weakening, and those drugs are just entering initial clinical trials." ...

Lack of clinical trial participation may contribute to lower survival rates

...icipation (and of the increased knowledge of tumor biology that derives from modern clinical trials) offers one explanation" for the poor cancer survival improvements in young adults....

NYU College of Dentistry study equates poor oral health with preterm birth risk

...ociate professor of basic science and craniofacial biology at NYU College of Dentistry; Dr. Howard Wiener, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Alabama School of Public Health; Dr. John D. Ruby, an associate professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry; and Dr. Men-Jean Lee,...

Scientist works on innovative treatments for brain tumors

...tments of neurosurgery, radiation oncology, cancer biology and pathology will participate in these studies. Debinki's findings may eventually benefit patients with other types of cancer. The researchers have observed that some other cancers have the same IL 13 receptors found in glioblastomas. Debinski's pro...

Epidemiologist Trichopoulos receives $5.8 million Department of Defense 'Innovator Award'

...ld. Programs and projects range from the molecular biology of AIDS vaccines to the epidemiology of cancer; from risk analysis to violence prevention; from maternal and children's health to quality of care measurement; from health care management to international health and human rights....

Medical molecules designed to respond to visible light that can penetrate tissue

... in chemistry, and his colleagues in chemistry and biology at Virginia Tech, have been working with Theralase Technologies Inc. to design molecular systems that use light that is in the therapeutic window. Starting with a complex with known DNA cleaving qualities, they changed the light absorber unit to one ...

Philanthropist Paul F. Glenn launches labs for aging research at Harvard Medical School

...ells did, are in progress. Mr. Glenn's interest in biology of aging began as a teenager, as he observed the d...e molecular level, and that the tools of molecular biology were just beginning to be developed. In 1965 Mr. Glenn founded the Glenn Foundation for Medical Rese...

Houston meeting kicks off collaboration to advance cancer research

...llaboration will lead to greater insights into the biology of cancer, and help us take advantage of advances in genomics and proteomics to create new diagnostic tests and targeted therapies for cancer." Both institutions have invested in technology transfer and collaborative applied research initiatives in ...

Growing your own replacement teeth? Not science fiction!

...s in science and technology. Advances in stem cell biology will improve our understanding of degenerative diseases and assist in developing therapies for replacing damaged or diseased parts/tissues. During the 83rd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening today at the B...

Studies underscore genetic involvement in nicotine addiction & aggressive hostility

...dicted, we will gain important knowledge about the biology of addiction. With that, we will be in a much better position to design more effective treatments for addiction. This approach may also lead to treatments tailored to the 'genetic profile' of the smoker." The authors similarly determined that Chrna4...

Columbia researchers receive $3 million to combat genetic killer of infants & toddlers

...th his colleague Tsuyoshi Kashima, M.D., the basic biology of the SMN gene to find ways in which to recover its activity in patients. He is interested in how information in the chromosome is converted into messenger RNA to produce the SMN protein and is trying to understand the defect in that process that r...

New imaging technologies can enhance orthopaedic outcomes

...ents may feel better, but sometimes the underlying biology for that patient's problem tells a very different story." Dr. Potter said that observable clinical outcomes such as walking and stair climbing ability are still important measures for patients who have sustained joint or tendon injury, have severe a...

NASA awards $9.8 million NSCOR grant to UT Southwestern to study effects of space radiation exposure

...is builds on outstanding lung cancer and radiation biology research at UT Southwestern that will now focus on...ation oncology and head of the molecular radiation biology division; and Dr. Michael Story, associate professor of radiation oncology. "The implications of ra...

Scientists replicate hepatitis C virus in laboratory

...low researchers to better study the life cycle and biology of this virus and to test potential antiviral compounds, which may lead to new therapies for the liver disease that results from infection with HCV. Scientists at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), one of t...

Hard choices: Pitt researcher presents findings on when to accept organ transplants

...tep is to make the model better represent both the biology and the quality of life of organ recipients. In addition to their work on organ transplantation, Schaefer, Roberts, and several Pitt graduate students also are working on other decision-making scenarios, such as modeling the optimal time to switch HI...

Impact of scientific advances on drug studies and membrane research to be explored

...the future; and Lee Silver, professor of molecular biology at Princeton University, who will present "Challen...nditions of a cell's environment, to the molecular biology and genetics of the membrane processes leading to thermosensation and hearing. For a complete list o...

Promising treatments for Huntington's disease identified in UCI study

...eins. Marsh is professor of developmental and cell biology in the School of Biological Sciences, and Thompson is associate professor of psychiatry and human behavior, and of biological chemistry in the School of Medicine. Namita Agrawal, Judit Pallos, Natalia Slepko, Barbara Apostol and Laszlo Bodai of UCI, ...

Penn joins major NCI research initiative to advance breast cancer therapies

... has allowed us to assemble. "Understanding cancer biology and response to therapy is so complex a challenge ...all, we are bringing imaging, genetics, and cancer biology to bear on these end-stages of breast cancer." Advanced stages of tumor progression, characterized b...

New math model of heart cell has novel calcium pathway

...n million worldwide. Rudy has used a computational biology approach to study arrhythmias at various levels (i... He is a professor of biomedical engineering, cell biology & physiology, medicine, radiology, and pediatrics He will establish an interdisciplinary center for ...

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(Date:4/22/2014)... scientists have found a way to block abnormal cholesterol ... atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and strokes ... condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels over ... reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to the ... of experiments, described April 7 in the journal ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (SALT LAKE CITY)A computational tool developed at the University ... with unknown gene mutations in three separate cases, U ... new study in The American Journal of Human ... Re-ranking tool), identifies undiagnosed illnesses and unknown gene mutations ... proteins that code for genes are made, in individual ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... is available in German . ... of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of ... shown how double stranded RNA, such as viral genetic information, ... the immune response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves ... modifies viral RNA to inhibit reproduction of the virus. But ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, ... men,s testosterone levels may be determined before they are ... the hormone than others is important because testosterone is ... hormone have been linked to obesity, diabetes and heart ... for producing testosterone in adults known as Leydig ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... waited in line and most of us have gotten ... like. , For Will Mather, assistant professor of ... Integrated Science Curriculum, studying lines, or queues, has been ... bottlenecks that limit the recycling of proteins. , The ... professor, has received attention from the National Science Foundation ...
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