Tag: "biology" at medical news

UCSD faculty elected to membership in prestigious professional organizations

...r. Kenneth Kaushansky, M.D., studies the molecular biology of blood cell growth factors and the role of signal transduction in blood cell differentiation. His team has cloned several of the genes involved in these processes, including thrombopoietin, a key regulator of platelet production. Currently, Kaush...

Tau protein required for development of Alzheimer's disease

...erriera, assistant professor of cell and molecular biology and NUIN researcher. When the researchers analyzed the composition of the cytoskeleton, or cellular scaffolding, of tau-depleted neurons, they found rapid turnover of microtubules, the structures within the cell that stabilize the cells shape and ac...

MMP enzymes play key role in stability and breakdown of atherosclerotic plaques

...e symposium entitled "New developments in vascular biology and inflammation.""The clinical consequences of atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, continue to kill more people than the next seven major causes of death combined, including cancer and HIV," says Dr. Galis. Recently scientists have learn...

Bethesda 2001: A revised system for reporting pap test results aims to improve cervical cancer

...sion reflects the most current knowledge about the biology of Pap test abnormalities and addresses new screening technologies that appeared in the past decade. Key changes include: Sample adequacy: The Bethesda System has always required laboratories to evaluate the adequacy of cervical cell samples b...

Post-genomic technique provides real-time, multiscale look at protein life cycles in living cells

...ed advanced microscopic capabilities and molecular biology from the NCMIR with chemistry and biochemistry, primarily from the research team of Roger Tsien, Ph.D., professor of pharmacology, chemistry and biochemistry, and an HHMI investigator. The result was a powerful, integrated and innovative multiscale...

Study could lead to exercise-mimicking drug

...tinent to other tissues such as fat or even to the biology of cancer cells, Williams said. Mitochondria are fundamental to the function of all cells and the pathway that controls mitochondria could possibly be manipulated in other kinds of medical conditions, he said....

Psychologists hunt for new ways to detect precursors to Alzheimer's Disease

...ng from neuropsychology to neuroimaging, molecular biology and psychopharmacology) in hope of widening this avenue of investigation. Parasuraman et al. explain that everyone has a gene called ApoE (short for Apolipoprotein E), which switches on production of a protein that helps carry cholesterol in the blo...

Buck researcher awarded Brookdale Fellowship

...allow Dr. Gill to focus on understanding the basic biology of aging in the unique research environment provided by the Buck Institute. The Buck Institute for Age Research is a non-profit organization that conducts clinically relevant research into aging and age-related diseases such as cancer, stroke, and Al...

Immune system in hamsters bolstered during winter, especially in times of stress, study finds

...nd assistant professor of oral biology and molecular virology, immunology and medical genetics at Ohio State University. The results also suggest that short periods of stress may actually enhance immune ...

Aggressive ovarian cancer may be linked to blood disorder

...mbocytosis correlates with a more aggressive tumor biology in ovarian cancer and a poorer response to treatment, said Dr. Beth Karlan, Medical Director of the Womens Cancer Research Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and senior author of the study. Knowing which patients have this disorder in addition...

Study finds no relationship between respiratory illnesses, mists from 'dental aerosols'

...eco, D.M.D., Ph.D., UB associate professor of oral biology and senior advisor on the study. "Clinic hours increase in linear fashion through the second and third year, so the hypothesis was that if dental aerosols were a risk, there would be an increase in respiratory illness among dental students by year as...

Energy balance, not exercise, key to athletic menstrual disturbance

...ameron, associate professor of psychiatry and cell biology and physiology at the University of Pittsburgh. Dana L. Helmreich and David B. Parfitt, then graduate students, and Anne Caston-Balderrama, at that time a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Pittsburgh, were also part of the research team. Th...

Yale researcher receives $1.4 million grant to study the hypocretin cells involved in narcolepsy

...ultrastructural immunocytochemistry, and molecular biology to study these nerve cells. Van den Pol said that although hypocretin nerve cells account for only a very small percentage of the cells in the brain, they have a profound effect on behavior due to their widespread connections to many other brain regi...

Misclassification of death may influence perceived value of cancer screening

...use of differences in patient characteristics, the biology of disease, and the level of risk. They say that even a well-conducted randomized study of cancer screening in high-risk groups using all-cause mortality could not determine whether screening is beneficial to the general population. They suggest tha...

Honing the tools to identify clues to surviving cancer

...Long term cancer survivors have something in their biology that isdifferent from those who don't survive. If... too distant future to figure out how to alter the biology of thecancer patient, perhaps by activating or blocking a protein or its receptor,to save lives," sa...

Researchers identify for the first time proteins vital to maintaining nervous system architecture

... because it shares enough characteristics of human biology to be of value for understanding basic life processes. Its fertilized egg goes through cell divisions that have been well characterized until becoming a 959-celled adult worm. The nervous system consists of approximately 300 neurons, including a brai...

Children's Cancer Fund brings world-class pediatric cancer specialist to Dallas

...sistant professor in both pediatrics and molecular biology at UT Southwestern, Cameron will also be an attending physician at Childrens Medical Center of Dallas. Were very excited about Dr. Cameron coming aboard to enhance cancer research at UT Southwestern and treatment of cancer patients at Childrens Medic...

DFG to support twelve new Clinical Research Units

...a in inflammatory pain, FU Berlinbiomechanics and biology of bone healing: individual, strain-appropriate os...Berlingrowth control of neoplastic B-cells: tumour biology and molecular therapy approaches, Humboldt University, Berlinend-organ damage in arterial hypertonia...

Georgetown receives $1.7 million NIH grant to add complementary and alternative medicine to curriculum

...ilios Papadopoulos, DPharm, PhD, professor of cell biology James Gordon, MD, adjunct professor of family medi...ma Amri, PhD, research assistant professor of cell biology Louis Jacques, MD, associate professor of family medicine/associate dean preclinical curriculum...

New recommendations proposed for safe use of herbal medications by patients having surgery

...ing and after surgery. However, by reviewing the biology of the compounds as well as all studies, case reports, and reviews addressing the safety and pharmacological effects of these eight medications they came up with the following recommendations: The authors caution that even this study has many gaps....

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(Date:4/23/2014)... of endogenous neural precursor cells cannot alone compensate ... the perspective of neural plasticity, Dr. Yun Xiang ... observed the effects of functional electrical stimulation treatment ... of basic fibroblast growth factor and epidermal growth ... side. The researchers found that functional electrical stimulation ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... (Chicago) A recently FDA-approved device has been shown ... as much as 50 percent. When coupled with an ... Rush, the device facilitated the complete elimination of seizures ... in the decade-long clinical trials. , That,s good news ... in the U.S. living with epilepsy whose seizures can,t ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... all lung cancers are small cell lung cancers ... to chemotherapy. However, researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University ... the mechanisms leading to this resistance that may ... primarily by mediating B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) family ... Depending on their function, this family of proteins ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... Hopkins scientists have found a way to block abnormal ... of atherosclerosis, the main cause of heart attacks and ... The condition develops when fat builds inside blood vessels ... greatly reducing their ability to feed oxygen-rich blood to ... series of experiments, described April 7 in the journal ...
(Date:4/22/2014)... massive health care spending, a new RAND study concludes ... incentivize pharmaceutical companies and device makers to develop products ... medical technologies and their use, a new study suggests ... medical devices get created in the first place. The ... as little loss of health as possible and to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Newly approved brain stimulator offers hope for individuals with uncontrolled epilepsy 2Health News:Scientists pinpoint protein that could improve small cell lung cancer therapies 2Health News:Scientists alter fat metabolism in animals to prevent most common type of heart disease 2Health News:Scientists alter fat metabolism in animals to prevent most common type of heart disease 3Health News:Scientists alter fat metabolism in animals to prevent most common type of heart disease 4Health News:US medical innovation needs smarter incentives to cut health spending, study finds 2Health News:US medical innovation needs smarter incentives to cut health spending, study finds 3
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