Tag: "biomarkers" at medical news

Jefferson Scientists Show Tumor Characteristics May Help Explain Tumor Biology And Prognosis

...We tested HNPCC tumors for MSI, and examined other biomarkers as well,"Dr. Boman explains. "We stained for MSH2 and MLH1 proteins, which are mismatchrepair gene products. Those tumors with high MSI displayed loss of one or theother DNA mismatch repair proteins, indicating this was a good pretest for lossof DNA ...

Normal cellular enzyme becomes marker for Alzheimer's disease

...ents in technology on thehorizon suggest that such biomarkers may soon offer promise in diagnosingearly-stage AD in living brains--while the opportunity for therapeuticintervention still exists....

Protein predicts prognosis for breast cancer patients

...phy – found that by adding E-cadherin to other biomarkers that they have studied they are able to distinguis...University of Chicago. "Our anaylsis suggests that biomarkers like E-cadherin are even more important than tumor size, tumor grade, the presence of estrogen recep...

Missing proteins in the uterus tied to infertility in women with endometriosis

... and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) may serve as biomarkers for identifying women whose infertility is linked to their endometriosis and is most likely reversible with treatment. In endometriosis, fragments of the uterine lining -- the endometrium -- implant elsewhere in the pelvis, such as on the vagina, ov...

More evidence that soy may reduce breast cancer risk

...amounts in other plants. This makes them excellent biomarkers for measuring soy consumption. Women with the ... "We wanted to improve this situation by measuring biomarkers that give better information about potential biological effect and health benefits of specific phyto...

New pilot study suggests flaxseed and low-fat diet can be protective against prostate cancer

...e prostate tumors) to compare tumorprogression and biomarkers after the dietary intervention. The men were on the low-fat, flaxseed-supplemented diet for an average of 34 days. Finelyground flaxseed was used in the study because, in its natural form, flaxseed is a pointy, tough seedthat can puncture the int...

Steroid nasal spray more effective against hay fever

...n, the nasal spray group had better scores for two biomarkers of an allergic reaction. They had fewer eosinophils -- a type of immune cell associated with allergies -- in their nasal passages at two weeks. They also had lower levels of eosinophil cationic protein, another sign of inflammation. Side effects we...

UCLA Jonsson Cancer Center researchers study ways to prevent tobacco-related bladder cancer

...p will receive a placebo. Development of a set of biomarkers for bladder cancer that can be used to predict who is likely to develop the disease. Such tests, to be developed by Drs. Zuo-Feng Zhang and Jian Yu Rao, could work similarly to the PSA test for prostate cancer. With Dr. Aarno Palotie of the UCLA Dep...

Other highlights in the September 18 issue of JNCI

...ors say that future studies should examine whether biomarkers associated with smoking, such as DNA damage, are present in cervical tissue and whether such biomarkers can be detected before the development of CIN3 or cervical cancer. Majority of Ovarian Tumors With...

National Lung Screening Trial

...mples will be used for future research to test for biomarkers that may someday help doctors better diagnose lung cancer. Participants in NLST will receive lung cancer screenings free of charge. Men and women can participate in NLST if they meet the following requirements: Are current or former smokers ages ...

Fred Hutchinson oversees two grants of nearly $8 million to develop blood test for breast cancer

...projects is to evaluate a variety of breast-cancer biomarkers for their contribution to the early detection of b...ncer, will be to develop and test a panel of serum biomarkers - substances in the blood, such as proteins, or specific genetic sequences - which are detected in h...

Lauder supports James nutrition and breast cancer study

...d will be monitored for changes in a number of key biomarkers that may be linked to the development of breast ca...e women's blood and urine may turn out to be good biomarkers to help them understand the impact of nutrition as a preventive approach. Generally, there has been ...

New UCLA program to study the possible environmental causes of cancer

... predisposition, it's our goal to develop improved biomarkers of exposure, to identify people at increased risk and to design nutritional and chemical interventions to counteract the development of cancer, especially in those with increased sensitivity." The environmental genomics program will focus on six rese...

Experts meet to challenge approaches of testing and developing cancer treatments

...cientific clinical trial designs and better use of biomarkers and predictive diagnostic techniques in developing oncology agents. Other breakout groups will consider predictive diagnostic techniques, combination oncology therapies, and oncology trial infrastructure issues. The goal of the workshop is to develo...

New blood test could detect lung cancer in its earliest stages

...This is why we're trying to develop very sensitive biomarkers that can detect the disease in high-risk individua...m a clinical perspective, the development of serum biomarkers has benefits, as well. The technique requires only a blood sample from the patient; hence, it is les...

Mens social isolation linked to higher heart disease risk

... the MacArthur study. Levels of the participants' biomarkers were correlated with their degree of social relati...particular age group, 70 to 79, men's inflammatory biomarkers may be more influenced by social relationships than women's at that age." Among the 388 men, CRP le...

Study suggests that inflammation may play a role in developing high blood pressure

...'s Hospital that relate to the use of inflammatory biomarkers in cardiovascular disease and is a Donald W. Reynolds Investigator and receives additional support from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation and the Leducq Foundation. EDITORIAL: INFLAMMATION, HYPERTENSION, AND THE METABOLIC SYNDROME In an accompa...

U of MN study first to detect tobacco-specific carcinogens in non-smokers in public setting

...tabolites, NNAL and NNAL-Gluc, which are excellent biomarkers of human uptake of NNK. NNAL, like NNK, is a potent pulmonary (lung) carcinogen in rodents and a probable human carcinogen. The study found that, on average, the levels of NNK metabolites were increased two-fold (112 percent), demonstrating that expo...

University of Pittsburgh studies broccoli-derived chemicals to prevent prostate cancer

... ITCs and cell processes and to identify potential biomarkers that could be useful for future intervention trials involving ITCs. "The knowledge we gain from this study will help guide us in formulating practical and effective nutritional strategies for the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer," said Dr...

Cancer markers news backgrounder: Future of cancer diagnosis, treatment lies in tumor 'barcode'

...possibly within a decade," says Mao. "To do a good biomarkers study, you must have a very strong clinical base, ...., a basic researcher who studies the potential of biomarkers to help thwart even the initial development of cancer. "There will be different rates of discovery f...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... variant specifically associated with the risk of a ... cent of all breast cancer cases. , The ... called invasive lobular carcinoma, gives researchers important clues ... of breast cancer, which can be missed through ... the journal PloS Genetics , was co-led ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... In the April issue of Experimental Biology ... by Drs. Rex Gaskins and Paul Kenis in ... campus of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign describe ... reduction-oxidation reactions underlie a variety of cell functions ... to these crucial roles in regulating normal cellular ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, MD, was recently invited to ... Nature Reviews Microbiology , one of the ... world-renowned infectious disease specialist, and chair of the ... Health Science Center, analyzed the epidemiology and microbiology ... pandemics, as well as more recent 2009 novel ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... million older Americans suffer from depression, often brought on ... research a project that followed the lives of ... found that Internet use among the elderly can reduce ... , "That,s a very strong effect," said Shelia Cotten, ... and media who led the project. "And it all ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... of Medicine (BUSM) have discovered that the anti-seizure ... model. The findings, reported in the American ... lead to more effective treatments for alcoholism. , ... leading causes of illness and death in the ... limiting the productivity of workers and necessitating huge ...
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