Tag: "birth" at medical news
Use Of Surfectant Therapy Widens Gap In Death Rate Of Black And White Newborns
...o die than white premature babies. Hamvas compared birth
and death certificates for all 1,563 very lowbirth-weight infants born in St. Louis with clinical data from the four St.Louis-area neonatal intensive care units during 1987-89 and 1991-92, beforeand after approval of surfactant for clinical use. Very...
Hopkins Researchers Develop Under-The-Skin Implant For Pain Treatment
...zed polymer works much like the continuous-release birth
control implant. It will be inserted under the skin through a tiny incision made under mild, local anesthetic. The polymer contains a highly concentrated powder form of the commonly used narcotic drug hydromorphone. The drug is released in a stea...
Maternal Exposure To Crack Cocaine Produces Stressed Newborns
...ROVIDENCE, R.I.--Crack-smoking pregnant women give birth
to babies whotwitch, tremble and arch their backs ...ved prenatalcare and all of the babies were normal birth
weight. The study offers some encouraging news. In contrast to anecdotal reports,the babies are no ...
Means To Predict Which HIV+ Infants Will Rapidly Develop AIDS Outlined By Emory University Researchers
...as by obtaining CD5+ B cell counts, as early after birth
as possible. Newer tests being developed by the Emory group involving the virus may provide other, even earlier, methods of identification. "The recent recommendations (made by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) for early prophyla...
Premature Birth Sometimes Can Adversely Affect Infant's Ties To Mother
...ut 37 babies, who weighed an averageof 2 pounds at birth
and were born 13 weeks early in the normal 40-weekgestation period. The findings were detailed in the September issue of Developmental Psychologyby Sarah Mangelsdorf, a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois;Jean L. McHale, a former U...
Early Menopause Stress Related In Developing Countries
...is phenomenon is that women will need to practice birth
control later in their lives," says Holman....
The Condom Conundrum--How Are We Going To Teach Safe Behavior If Parents Are Afraid To Talk To Their Children About Sex?
...essages. We believe that if we talk about condoms, birth
control and safe sex with our children we are givi...rtant? "Because they are the most common method of birth
control used by teens," says Morrison, "and virtually the only one they use when they have sex for t...
Do Deaths Of Babies From Birth Asphyxia Vary Depending On When They Are Born?
...aths related to intrapartum asphyxia and timing of birth
in all Wales perinatal survey, 1993-5) Deaths of...ry and from their study of 79 babies' deaths from birth
asphyxia in Wales between 1993-5, the authors propose that errors of judgment are probably related t...
Effects Of Physical Activity On Preterm Birth
...irs and walking, nearly doubledthe risk of preterm birth
for low-income women according to a study byresearchers at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health. The study waspublished in the April 1, 1998 issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology.Conversely, leisure-time exercise was found to protect a...
V. Craig Jordan Will Present Results Of Raloxifene Breast Cancer Study At
American Society For Clinical Oncology Meeting
...ote that tamoxifen, a drug originallydeveloped for birth
control, seemed to prevent the growth of mammary tumors inrodents. Tamoxifen subsequently was found to increase the survival of breastcancer patients and also to prevent the development of second breast cancers. In 1993 Jordan was selected to...
National Office Of Drug Safety Is Needed, Experts Say In JAMA
...s that are most commonly induced by drugs, such as birth
defects,aplastic anemia, and certain irregular heart rhythms. The authors also say that the new office should identify the prioritytargets for prevention efforts. "Are preventable drug-related injuries occurringbecause of inadequate initial t...
Health Risk To "Cigarette Babies" Is Neglected, Duke Scientist Charges
...e the traditionally accepted sign of damage -- low birth
weight, saidSlotkin. "Maternal smoking dur...ousands of admissions to intensivecare units after birth
and kills or brain-damages more during the birth
process.Smoking is also responsible for one-third t...
How Reliable Are League Tables?
...tilisation clinics: retrospective analysis of live birth
rates) League tables of schools and hospitals are increasingly common and much attention is paid to the precise position of an institution in the table. In this week's BMJ, Marshall and Spiegelhalter describe a new statistical technique that can ...
Ulcer Drug Linked To Birth Defects
...tmentand prevention of ulcers causes a significant birth
defect if taken duringpregnancy. The drug, misopro...ist of approximately24 medications proven to cause birth
defects. The research is reported in theJune 25 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. "Our r...
UCSF Study Finds Drug Treatment Can Be Cost Effective In Tanzania And Thailand
For HIV-Positive Pregnant Women
...-course therapy, which begins four weeks beforethe birth
due date and ends after delivery, is far more affordable than thestandard regimen in the industrialized world, which begins 12 weeks before thedue date and also involves continued treatment of the infant in the post-natalperiod," Marseille said. He a...
Mini-Pill Increases Risk Of Chronic Diabetes In Women With History Of Diabetes During Pregnancy
...hers saythat using the mini-pill -- progestin-only birth
control pills -- may put thesewomen at an even hig...on for these very high-riskwomen." The combination birth
control pills are the most commonly used ones andcontain a mix of estrogen and progestin. Kjos and c...
Study Captures Images Of Memories Being Formed Within The Human Brain
ST. LOUIS, Mo., Aug. 20, 1998--The birth
of a memory, the splitsecond when the human brain encodes an event for future reference, has beencaptured through sophisticated neuroimaging and used to predict accuratelywhether a specific experience will later be remembered or forgotten, according...
University Of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) Study: Parents' Wishes, Uncertainty Determine Resuscitation Of Premature Infants
...s usually resuscitate extremelypremature babies at birth
when they are uncertain about how the infants willfare or when they don't know parents' wishes, according to a new study. Whenparents say in advance what they want done following delivery, doctors tend tofollow those wishes. Resuscitation of ...
'DES Daughters' Had Increased Rates of Cancer; An Animal Study Shows 'DES Granddaughters' May Too
...o the appearance of a tumor may well begin before birth
andperhaps before conception." For more than 20 years, beginning in the 1940s, DES was commonlyprescribed to pregnant women to prevent miscarriages, but the practice wasabandoned after 1971 when investigators found an extremely rare reprodu...
Study Ties Cerebral Palsy To Inflammation And Blood-Clotting Abnormalities
...aken from all newborns in California shortly after birth
to screen formetabolic disorders. Using advanced... public health programdevoted to finding causes of birth
defects, is funded by the CaliforniaDepartment of Health Services and jointly operated with the Marc...
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