Tag: "brain" at medical news
The trust game: Measuring social interaction
...aylor College of Medicine have mapped where in the brain
that trust is formulated and how the decision to t...sonance imaging, the blood flow in the area of the brain
where this intention-to-trust mechanism occurs. Blood flow to this area was measured by functional m...
New study in 'Nature' demonstrates protection against cell death during heart attack
...nhibitor, you might profoundly affect the heart or brain
and, presumably, protect it." A class of drugs already exists that blocks cyclophilin D. The most well known one is cyclosporine, a drug used to prevent rejection in organ transplantation. Cyclosporin has a downside, however. In addition to blocki...
Brain activity prior to treatment flags vulnerability to antidepressant side effects
... Neuropsychiatric Institute report that changes in brain
activity prior to treatment with antidepressants c...psychopharmacology, the study is the first to link brain
function and medication side effects, and to show a relationship between brain
function changes duri...
OHSU scientists test medication to treat involuntary weight loss
...tudies that demonstrated how a receptor on certain brain
cells -- called the MC4 receptor -- can influence ... including identification of specific cells in the brain
that are crucial to weight control, and the possible connection between infant hormone exposure and ...
Lack of clinical trial participation may contribute to lower survival rates
...n the study reported here and others in leukemias, brain
tumors, and cancer in general, lack of clinical trial participation (and of the increased knowledge of tumor biology that derives from modern clinical trials) offers one explanation" for the poor cancer survival improvements in young adults....
Acupuncture found to lower elevations in blood pressure
...llular and molecular level how acupuncture excites brain
cells to release neurotransmitters that either inh...is triggers the release of opioid chemicals in the brain
that reduce excitatory responses in the cardiovascular system. This decreases the heart's activity a...
New evaluation tool reliably predicts recovery from coma
...t recovering consciousness during coma from severe brain
injury within the first year of injury--with up to...d civilians over age 18 unconscious after a severe brain
injury were evaluated with the DOCS weekly, for up to six weeks. Investigators measured social knowl...
Some brain cells 'change channels' to fine-tune the message
...s have identified the proteins that allow specific brain
cells to "change channels," a rare ability that tw...ial changes what comes into the living room, these brain
cells are able to change what they allow in by swapping one kind of channel, or membrane opening, fo...
First mouse model for multiple system atrophy points to new treatment targets for brain diseases
...e diseases sheds new light on this little-studied brain
disease, according to research from investigators at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Virginia M.-Y. Lee, PhD, Director of Penn's Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, and colleagues demonstrated that the mice showed sympto...
Can you read my mind? W.M. Keck Foundation funds innovative brain research at Carnegie Mellon
...0,000 grant to support research into how the human brain
deciphers language, which could one day yield adva...ts of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) brain
scans, the researchers plan to develop a computational theory that describes the changes in brain
Depression linked to insomnia in HIV patients
...lown AIDS and those who have suffered some kind of brain
impairment as a result of the disease are also more likely to suffer from insomnia, the reviewers conclude in the current issue of Psychosomatic Medicine. "The studies reviewed here illustrate that although insomnia is a frequent complaint in people ...
Kandel pays tribute to Hubel's and Wiesel's 25-year partnership and work in neurobiology & vision
...ntists now have a greater understanding of how the brain
processes visual information. By identifying the precise layers of brain
tissue that analyze sight messages and discerning individual cells of the brain, they recognized som...
Recovered king of beasts returns to his home, thanks to unique operation
...zoo in Rishon Lezion, Israel, who had undergone a brain
operation unique in the world -- at the Veterinar...on of the rear portion of his skull and subsequent brain
pressure. According to veterinary medicine literature, this situation is caused due to a vitamin A d...
New studies show mixed results on epilepsy drugs and birth defects
...id succession may cause catastrophic damage to the brain
of the fetus," she said. More studies must be done to understand how valproic acid works to affect fetal development. "Without good animal models, the mechanism for the abnormalities remains unknown," Penovich said. "It's very important that physicia...
Scientist works on innovative treatments for brain tumors
...r new treatments for one of the deadliest types of brain
tumors. Waldemar Debinski, M.D., Ph.D., a national...entist who pioneered a method to destroy malignant brain
tumor cells without damaging healthy cells, came to Wake Forest Baptist last year to direct the Brai...
Boston University team finds link between high cholesterol and better cognitive performance
...d for statistically. Cholesterol is important for brain
development in infants and plays a role in how neurons work in adults. High blood cholesterol level is still considered a risk factor for stroke and heart disease, however, and physicians may decide that those risks outweigh any modest benefits for ...
Chemical decoy shows promise for slowing Alzheimer's by acting as decoy
...cal decoy that shows promise in blocking the toxic brain
proteins thought to cause Alzheimer's disease was ...a amyloid protein, a protein that is formed in the brain
and other cells throughout the body but, for reasons that are not entirely clear, seems to accumulat...
Mountaineering doctors hike medicine to new heights with Xtreme Everest
...hysiology including illnesses such as fluid on the brain
and lungs and acute mountain sickness. The genetic... high altitude illness, frostbite, hypothermia and brain
damage. Details of the expedition will be discussed at a conference to be held in London on 27th Ap...
Brain imaging study may hold clues to onset of schizophrenia in people at high risk
CHAPEL HILL -- Images of brain
activity may hold clues to the onset of schizophre...r, the study's senior author. "In looking at the brain
activity of high-risk people while they performed some of these tasks, we hoped to identify a neurob...
Research suggests possible blood test for multiple sclerosis
...ase of the central nervous system that affects the brain
and spinal cord. It strikes an estimated 250,000 people in the United States and is a major acquired neurologic disease in young adults. Common signs and symptoms of MS include fatigue, psychological and cognitive changes, weakness or paralysis of l...
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