Tag: "case" at medical news
Failures following HIV post-exposure prevention provide valuable lessons for warding off future infections
...d ongoing contact with HIV-infectedpartners. Four case
studies will be presented at the Interscience Conf...revention programs shouldaddress based on the four case
histories," said Roland. "First, counselingstrategies should target common misconceptions about tra...
Study spotlights uniqueness of human brain
.... "This study provides the first well-documented case
of a difference in the brainorganization of humans and apes that isn't simply related to differences in thesize or shape of the brain," said Dr. Daniel Povinelli, co-director of ULLafayette's Institute of Cognitive Science. The uniquely human featur...
UCSF researchers discover new piece of puzzle in cancer development
...cancer are born with abnormalfibroblasts, in which case
these abnormal cells could serve as a marker fordiagnosing cancer, said co-author Aria F. Olumi, MD, UCSF, a former UCSFurologic fellow. Alternatively, the development of CAFs could prove to be amarker for a certain stage in the progression of a cell...
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet - October 5, 1999
...cations, p. 507). This is believed to be the first case
ofits kind. The patient remains free of symptoms two years later. Although thisnew approach is risky and still highly experimental, it is possible that somepeople with resistant autoimmune disease may ultimately benefit from thisapproach. * * * ...
Young children who are in regular contact with farm animals are less likely to develop allergies later in life
...ruralenvironment (3.1% compared with 10.3%).In the case
of asthma, the ratio was even more pronounced: 1.1...ef Riedler tested howthe figures would look in the case
of regular contact with cattle or poultry,regardless of the kind of environment the child lived in. ...
Discarded thymus tissue provides life for infants with DiGeorge Syndrome
...flawed thymus gland or no thymus at all--as in the case
of these twochildren. To help them, physicians implanted thin strips of thymus tissue intotheir thighs when they were infants. The children are now 1 1/2 and 6 years oldand their new gland has provided a normally functioning immune system thatrequir...
Some antidepressants increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding -- especially when taken with NSAIDS or aspirin
...estinal bleeding. They found that 3.1 per cent of case
patients had been taking selective SRIs as opposed to only one per cent in the control group. The risk is similar to that of low dose ibuprofen, say the authors but their study suggests that when selective SRIs are taken with non-steroidal anti-infla...
Yale study of long-term learning deficits resulting from repeated amphetamine exposure could help drug abusers
...ly permanent cognitive deficits. "It may be the case
that even a brief period of low-dose amphetamine abuse in early adolescence or early adulthood can produce profound cognitive deficits that may persist for a couple of years or more after amphetamine use has ended," said Castner. The investigators' o...
Material that made car bumpers shine finds a role in manufacture of drugs, dyes
...ounces back and forth between two paddles; in this case
the "ball" is achromium chloride molecule that goes back and forth between the polymer beadsand the manganese strip. The nitroarenes are converted to anilines right on thepolymer beads, and the chromium is continually regenerated by the manganese. ...
A new strain of flu has turned up in Hong Kong
...29 March 1997, p20). "We're monitoring the case
very carefully for that reason," says AlanHay, director of the WHO influenza collaborating centre at the NationalInstitute for Medical Research in London. Hay's team, and virologists at the USCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlant...
Possible link between heart attack and helicobacter pylori infection
...infection and early onset myocardial infarction : case
control and sibling pairs study) John Danesh et al of the International Studies of Infarct Survival (ISIS) Collaborative Group at the Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford report a moderate association between coronary heart disease and testing positive for ...
Southeast appears to have a unique type of Lyme disease
... different clinical symptoms and signs than is the case
in other parts of the country." Dr. Felz, who has studied ticks and the diseases they carry for nine years, says this study is the "most scientifically rigorous analysis" of Lyme disease ever in the southeastern United States. Lyme disease typicall...
New book asks ethical questions about human subjects research
... a public health adjunct faculty member. The five case
studies presented during that conference, along with new case
material and essays on research ethics, are featured in the first volume of a new University of Nort...
Pets can tame high blood pressure
...o look at people with a medical condition, in this case
high blood pressure, and how a pet can help reduce stress reactivity, Allen says. The stockbrokers made more than $200,000 per year and lived alone."Their jobs are incredibly stressful. They are on the stock exchange floor, shouting, always on the ph...
Impact of race on hepatitis treatment, transmission of hepatitis from mother to infant, and missed diagnoses of liver disease described at meeting
...sed annually. This is a cost of less than $50 per case
of liver disease discovered. Askari concludes, "The ALT testing should be restored tothe comprehensive panel without delay."...
Impotence may be early warning of heart disease
...wish to suggest that heart disease is behind every case
of erectile dysfunction. However, a man having regular sexual activity who experiences a consistent change in erectile function may be demonstrating signs of atherosclerosis where arteries become clogged and the heart muscle does not receive enough ...
Hormone replacement therapy use limited
...rcent of providers agreed that a strong scientific case
has been made that HRT increases risk of breast cancer, 51 percent disagreed, and 21 percent neither agreed nor disagreed. The Puget Sound group also developed a HRT workbook that can be incorporated in standard patient appointments for counseling...
Trauma patients need monitoring for infection risk
... few days and this study points to why this is the case
and what we can do to prevent it." All trauma patients admitted for more than 24 hours to the regional trauma unit of the Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre in 1996 were included in the study. Of the 563 patients, 209 or 37 per ...
UCSF Psychiatry Department receives grant to study innovative drug and substance abuse treatments
...aintenance treatments byeither assigning them to a case
manager who will move them into treatment or by gi...been opened. The grant will also be used to train case
managers on how to treat their client's drug abuse-whilemeeting all of their basic needs such as fin...
Cigarette smoking among American teens
...tte smoking also has risen a bit since 1996 in the case
of the eighth- and 10th-graders, and since 1997 in the case
of the 12th-graders. (Figure 4.) The researchers believe that the changes in perceived risk and dis...
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