Tag: "cases" at medical news
British hospitals need clinical ethicists
...se complex ethical issues, and to know how similar cases
were handled elsewhere. "Clinical ethics committees cannot alone cope with the demands of ethically troubled doctors at the coalface. The use of clinical ethicists would represent an important step forward," he concludes....
Strategy effective against drug resistant tuberculosis
... incidence of previously untreated, drug-resistant cases
fell by 84% from 9.4 to 1.5 per 100 000 people per...ying drug resistant strains, and there were no new cases
of MDR tuberculosis. However, patients with drug resistant tuberculosis, particularly MDR tuberculos...
Exercise-induced shortness of breath not always caused by asthma
... can cause shortness of breath during exercise. In cases
where the asthma diagnosis is questionable, the UI experts recommend further testing to identify the true cause of exercise-induced shortness of breath. "Asthma usually responds well to treatment, and people with asthma who are well treated can have ...
It's winning, not losing, that triggers violence at sports events
...s. The research team tracked the number of assault cases
presenting to the only emergency medicine departme...nd 32 football matches. And almost 27,000 assault cases
required emergency treatment. On average, 30 cases
of assault required medical attention on the day ...
First UK cases of previously rare disease reported in gay men
The first UK cases
of a previously rare disease have been reported in...idered relatively rare until 2003, when around 100 cases
were reported in gay men in Rotterdam in the Netherlands, most of whom were also HIV positive or had...
UCSF study offers insight into human circadian rhythms
...e same abnormal sleeping pattern seen in the human cases
of FASPS, as measured in the decrease in their wheel-running activity. Unexpectedly, however, the result was the opposite in the transgenic flies, as displayed by its extended locomotor activity. The scientists do not know what accounts for the diffe...
U of M researcher says Viagra may cause permanent vision loss in some men
...nerve and results in permanent vision loss. These cases
were published in the March 2005 issue of the Jou...of Viagra for erectile dysfunction. Seven similar cases
have been previously reported. "For years, we've known that some men who take Viagra will experie...
HIV testing should be routine part of primary health care for sexually active
...ccording to recent CDC data, and 35 percent of new cases
of HIV diagnosed from 1999 to 2002 were acquired heterosexually. Since the early 1980s, the proportion of people acquiring HIV infection through heterosexual transmission has continued to increase relative to other methods of transmission. Approxima...
Physicians may not be accurate in their confidence levels of their diagnoses, says Pitt study
...time they make them, and in significant numbers of cases
they may be overconfident--wrong when they believe...nopses from 36 detailed diagnostically challenging cases
from patient records at the University of Illinois at Chicago, the University of Michigan and the Un...
Unexpected benefit seen in treating HER-2 breast cancer with new preoperative drug combo
...will respond to hormonal therapy. And, to date, no cases
of congestive heart failure or other such serious heart problems have yet been observed in the patients, Buzdar says. Within several months, the research team will launch additional studies, enrolling larger groups of patients, to test the effects of...
Uric acid and heart disease
...hed prospective studies of serum uric acid - 9,458 cases
of CHD and 155,084 controls in all - answers the question of the role of uric acid in prediction of CHD. Using all studies, they show that there is a very small role for uric acid in the prediction of disease but in the eight studies where all possib...
Vaccine against childhood pneumonia shows promise
...us pneumoniae is responsible for up to half of all cases
of severe childhood pneumonia in developing countries. It also causes serious bloodstream infections, meningitis, and otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear). Felicity Cutts (Medical Research Council, UK and WHO) and colleagues recruited child...
Benefits of lung cancer screening with CT questioned
...at in 2005 there will be approximately 172,570 new cases
of lung cancer diagnosed in the United States and 163,510 people will die from the disease. While recent studies have focused on the benefits of early detection, the Mayo researchers looked more closely at the negative impact of CT screening, includi...
Treatment of cardiac lesions without anaesthesic
...o pass from the right auricle to the left. In most cases
this opening closes after the baby is born but, on... not if there have been no previous symptoms. The cases
has to be selected with precision, involving co-ordination between neurologists and cardiologists in...
Opponents of needle-exchange programs should think about their message to drug users
...million. By mid-2000, 36 percent (270,721) of AIDS cases
in the United States had occurred among IDUs, thei...st $31 billion. "The CDC estimates that only 1,300 cases
would need to be averted annually to make a full-scale program of syringe exchange and disposal for ...
New studies suggest airborne SARS transmission is possible
...s cautioned that their results do not document any cases
of airborne transmission of the SARS virus from one person to another, only the dissemination of the virus from an infected patient to the air, via breathing or coughing. During the outbreak in Toronto hospitals, health care workers became infected w...
NIAID initiates trial of experimental avian flu vaccine
...nits (VTEU). "While there have been relatively few cases
worldwide of H5N1 avian influenza infection in hum...form of avian influenza, since 1997 when the first cases
in humans were reported. The initiation of this vaccine trial marks a key advance in our efforts to ...
Targeting mutant B-Raf protein reduces melanoma development
...Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. "With cases
of melanoma increasing at about 4 percent per year... most common cancer in the U.S., with about 52,000 cases
diagnosed annually. Furthermore, it is the cancer with the second fastest growth rate. In 2004, an A...
Recovered king of beasts returns to his home, thanks to unique operation
...arely, among these animals. In all of the previous cases
of this type, the animal died due to the disease, either because of the lack of proper medical treatment or because of imprecise diagnosis. In most of the cases, the nature of the problem was revealed with certainty only after death. "We decided to ...
New studies show mixed results on epilepsy drugs and birth defects
...gine as the only epilepsy drug used, there were 12 cases
of major birth defects. That translates to a 2.9 percent risk of having a birth defect, which is similar to the 2 to 3 percent risk in the general population. That risk jumped to 12.5 percent for women who were taking lamotrigine along with valproic ...
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