Tag: "causative" at medical news

Newly discovered virus linked to childhood lung disorders and Kawasaki disease

... some of the many respiratory diseases for which a causative agent is unidentified, and may have a role in Kawasaki disease, the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. In the first of two studies, Jeffrey S. Kahn and co-workers at Yale University used molecular probes t...

Resistin integral part of the inflammatory response

... for inflammatory disease, and suggest a potential causative role for resistin in the insulin resistance that is seen in patients with serious bacterial infections known as sepsis. Earlier studies from other laboratories have shown that such patients benefit from insulin treatment. Research is ongoing to addre...

Cocaine addicts show reduced brain structure that underlies judgment

...s. Also, they said, further evidence of a possible causative relationship of amygdala size was that the amygdala volumes did not correlate with any measure of drug use in the addicts. "Validation of this hypothesis requires either a longitudinal study of individuals at risk who subsequently may or may not deve...

Uncoupling proteins in human heart

... the content of uncoupling proteins do not prove a causative role for the uncoupling proteins, nor that the uncoupling proteins actually waste oxygen in patients with heart failureThe findings should be confirmed for other causes and severities of heart failure."...

The anti-arthritic effects of bee venom

...om itself, suggesting that melittin may be a major causative component in the pharmacologic effects of bee venom."...

Preimplant test offers option of having child to serve as stem cell donor to sibling in need

...ion HLA matching not involving identification of a causative gene to demonstrate the feasibility of this approach for stem cell transplantation in siblings with bone marrow failure. The study consisted of HLA matching procedures conducted during 2002-2003 in an in vitro fertilization program for nine couples w...

Researchers: Diet a significant factor in reducing risk of three common cancers

... this oxidative stress is considered to be a major causative factor for breast cancer, prominent research including the Nurses Health Study has shown no link between increased consumption of fruits and vegetables and decreased breast cancer risk. Because the evidence on whether fruits and vegetables reduce th...

Mechanism leading to life-threatening infection identified by UCSD School of Medicine researchers

...less virulent substitute for Yersiniae pestis, the causative agent of bubonic plague; and Salmonella typhimurium, a similar substitute for Salmonella typhi, which causes typhoid fever. Both Yersiniae pestis and Salmonella typhi are too virulent to use in most laboratories. TLR4 activation normally results in s...

SARS without pneumonia could be common in outbreak areas

...he SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), is known to be the causative agent. Despite this knowledge, seroprevalence studies and mass screening for detection of possible subclinical and non-pneumonic infections are still lacking. Patrick Woo from the University of Hong Kong and colleagues examined the seroprevalence of...

'White coat hypertension' common among sleep apnea patients

...ng to potentially flawed conclusions regarding the causative association of hypertension and sleep apnea," said lead researcher Francisco Garcia-Rio, PhD, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain. Researchers from La Paz University Hospital observed the frequency of WCH in patients with sleep apnea and th...

Monkeypox in the USA

... caused by a virus that is related to variola, the causative agent of smallpox. According to the authors of the review, Daniel B. Di Giulio and Paul B. Eckburg (Stanford University Medical School, Stanford, CA, USA), from the time of the first reported case of human monkeypox in 1970 until 2003, sporadic case...

Caesarean delivery could increase risk of future stillbirth

...rinatal outcomes in developed countries, theactual causative factors may be varying through unrecognised changes inperinatal care."...

Diet may play role in IBS and dyspepsia

...or establishing whether dietary components are the causative factors in the development of symptoms. The investigators mailed a questionnaire to an age- and gender-stratified random sample of Minnesotans aged 20 to 50 years old. Those who reported IBS or dyspepsia or who claimed no GI symptoms had a physical ...

Other highlights in the October 16 issue of JNCI

...support such an association. However, a rumor of a causative link has been circulated widely on the Internet. Although several cancer organizations have posted statements clarifying that there is no reason to suspect a link, the rumor continues to circulate periodically. Dana K. Mirick, M.S., Scott Davis, Ph.D...

Risk from breast cancer susceptibility gene may be exaggerated in most studies

... cancer that are based on a broad understanding of causative factors," they say....

Impaired sodium excretion after stress contributes to hypertension in blacks

...e traditional reactivity hypothesis to explain the causative role of stress in the development of essential hypertension. This hypothesis is particularly appealing for the black population whose blood pressure is more sensitive to the effects of sodium. Sodium is involved in all nervous system regulation, phys...

Medieval black death not bubonic plague

...cent epidemics when we know bubonic plague was the causative agent, says Wood. Instead of being spread by anima...us organisms, but we are not ready to pinpoint the causative agent, says Wood. The Black Death was too quickly identified with bubonic plague in the past. Indee...

Mayo Clinic researchers identify gene for inherited kidney and liver disease in young children

...g development and neonatal death. "Identifying the causative gene is a major step forward, as the progression of the disease can now be studied. It improves the prospects for gene-based diagnostics," says Peter C. Harris, Ph.D., Mayo Clinic nephrologist and the lead researcher in the study. Improved respirato...

Air pollution may trigger asthma in young athletes

...f asthma is very important because eliminating the causative factors can prevent this life-threatening disease," says John Peters, M.D., D.Sc., M.P.H., Hastings Professor of Preventive Medicine at the Keck School. The research is part of the USC-led Childrens Health Study, an extensive investigation into poll...

Stress levels can affect success of pneumonia vaccinations

...cine and on rubella virus, the causative agent in measles. In all of these experiments, hig...nst pneumococcal bacteria, the causative agent for much post-influenza pneumonia. Similar blood samples were taken and an...

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