Tag: "cervix" at medical news
NYU College of Dentistry study equates poor oral health with preterm birth risk
...rine contractions and cervical dilation. When the cervix
becomes dilated, more bacteria can enter and eventually cause the uterine membranes to rupture and preterm birth to occur. Preterm low birth weight is generally defined as delivery before 37 complete weeks of pregnancy with a birth weight of less th...
Risky surgery not always necessary to treat cervical disease
...poscopy, which is relatively noninvasive since the cervix
is readily accessible. Two distinct types of vaccines have been used. These include the prophylactic vaccine which focuses on human immune responses that may help prevent HPV infections. The other is a therapeutic vaccine which stimulates the immun...
New laparoscopic hysterectomy offers quicker recovery time than traditional surgery
...cisions. Unlike in traditional hysterectomies, the cervix
is not removed. The patient's hospital stay is dra...s sooner," she said. Surgeons believe leaving the cervix
in place also preserves pelvic floor function, preventing the usual incontinence most women experien...
Study finds no reason for expectant mothers to shy away from early epidurals
...esearchers found that getting an epidural when the cervix
is less than four centimeters dilated did not increase the cesarean delivery rate and provided significantly better pain relief. "We also found shorter labors in the early epidural group compared to those who received the standard narcotic an injec...
No increase in C-sections when epidural analgesia given early in labor
...dural analgesia initiated early in labor when the cervix
is dilated less than 4 centimeters is associated ...en who have not previously given birth until their cervix
dilates to 4 to 5 centimeters and that other forms of analgesia, for example, systemic opioid analge...
New brochure helps explain treatment for gynecologic cancers
...lowed doctors to find pre-cancerous changes in the cervix
and vagina and has helped to prevent the development of more invasive cancers. Many patients are not aware that their cancer may be best cured using a combination of surgery, radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy. To help inform patients of their tr...
Women In Government report on eliminating cervical cancer
... infection persists and causes cell changes on the cervix
that may ultimately become cancerous. These persistent infections are most commonly found in women 30 and older, many of who are unscreened or under-screened. That is why HPV testing is approved by the FDA along with the Pap test in this age group...
Elevated glucose levels and diabetes are associated with increased risk for cancer
...iver, and colon/rectum in men and of the liver and cervix
in women, and there were significant trends with glucose level for cancers of the esophagus, colon/rectum, liver, pancreas, and bile duct in men and of the liver and pancreas in women. Of the 26,473 total cancer deaths in men and women, 848 were est...
Ovarian cancer does have early warning signs, Mayo Clinic and Olmsted Medical Center find
...uctive pelvic organs: the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix
and ovaries. The study found the following factors associated with a longer time to diagnosis of patients' ovarian cancer: delays in women seeking medical care, health care system issues, competing medical conditions, physicians' failure to follow up...
Even health-conscious women going without colonoscopy
...ernstein, M.D., that shows the gap between breast, cervix
and colon cancer screening using data from the Cen...ng as those who hadn't had either their breasts or cervix
checked recently. Women who had health insurance or a personal physician were more likely to have be...
Pap smears, mammography should be targeted at healthy elders, study says
... survey. "The majority of these women don't have a cervix
anymore," say Walter. "These women should have been informed that without a cervix
they were not at risk for cervical cancer and so did not need the test." Walter says women need to b...
HPV testing helps identify potential cases of cervical cancer, meta-analysis suggests
...here is abnormal cell growth on the surface of the cervix
that has the potential to become cancerous, a condition referred to as high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2). Another management strategy under investigation is to test for HPV in women with a diagnosis of ASCUS. Marc Arbyn, M.D., of ...
Study shows certain cancers significantly more common in residents of Appalachia
...ence, of new cancer of the lung, colon, rectum and cervix
were significantly increased in residents of the l...incidence of cancer of the lung, colon, rectum and cervix
were 22 percent, 13 percent, 19 percent and 12 percent higher than the SEER average, respectively. A...
Other highlights in the September 3 issue of JNCI
...osis of Cervical Lesions Precursor lesions of the cervix
persist longer, progress more rapidly, and regress more slowly in women infected with oncogenic types of human papillomavirus (HPV) compared with women infected with a non-oncogenic HPV type or in women with no HPV infection, according to a study by ...
Zimbabwean women value diaphragm as clandestine method to possibly prevent HIV
...aphragms can prevent the transmission of HIV. The cervix
is a "hot spot" in terms of HIV susceptibility and...rom observational studies show that protecting the cervix
protects against bacterial sexually transmitted diseases. WGHI is a global research program based at...
Women with advanced cervical cancer need varied therapy, study shows
...r, for example, is a tumor that has penetrated the cervix
and into the bladder or rectum. Historically, however, women with this type of tumor show a range of response to therapy. "We did not really understand why these differences existed," says Grigsby. "These findings suggest the answer." Grigsby also i...
Visual inspection: A low-tech tool for reducing cervical cancer rates
...nspection, a health professional wipes a patient's cervix
with acetic acid (vinegar), then looks for tissue abnormalities. Tissue harboring precancerous lesions turns white when exposed to vinegar. Comparing each strategy with the next least expensive alternative, researchers found that visual inspection e...
Study estimates cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer screening strategies
... in developing countries, visual inspection of the cervix
with acetic acid (VIA) and human papillomavirus (H...vical cancer screening. VIA involves swabbing the cervix
with diluted vinegar and looking for abnormal tissue. HPV DNA testing involves testing for DNA from ...
Foundation funds UCSF research to test diaphragms as HIV prevention tool
...ous promise for preventing HIV transmission. The cervix
is a "hot spot" in terms of susceptibility to HIV ...ctions most likely occur there. The surface of the cervix
is very thin and fragile whereas the vaginal walls are much thicker. The cervix
also has more cells...
Zimbabwean women very willing to use diaphragms-potential HIV prevention method
...ubstantial evidence to suggest that protecting the cervix
could offer some protection against HIV, but attempts to study physical barriers that protect the cervix
such as diaphragms have been stymied by the issue of acceptability. Western researchers simply have...