Tag: "chemistry" at medical news
Differences in human brain chemistry may account for different responses to
...ects. "This finding supports the theory that brain chemistry
may predispose somepeople to becoming drug abusers," says NIDA Director Dr. Alan I. Leshner. "Understanding these biological issues will help us learn why some people areparticularly vulnerable to abusing drugs and provides new potential targets forb...
UCSF professor receives Pharmaceutical Scientist of the Year Award
...or. She also serves as professor of pharmaceutical chemistry
and molecular and cellular pharmacology at UCSF. "No one could be more deserving of this recognition than Kathleen," said Mary Anne Koda Kimble, PharmD, dean of the UCSF School of Pharmacy. "For nearly 20 years, she has led the effort to understand h...
Brain chemical mellows male mice, but makes mouse moms tough
...t's one more piece ofevidence of how complex brain chemistry
is, even at the level of the mouse." The new findings could also help scientists begin to understand at a very basiclevel some of the brain and behavioral changes brought about by pregnancy. The experimental mice, originally created by scientists ...
Rebuilding the body
...med around the molecule while retainingsome of the chemistry
of the starting molecule. The research team are looking to tailor-make materials with particular molecularattributes that can be used in degradable scaffolds that will automaticallyshape a growth of skin or cartilage to form the required shape. "C...
Is drug abuse, not brutality, behind some deaths in custody?
...ar. Taken together, these changes in brain chemistry
represent a "signature"of ED, says Karch. But this can only be detected if samples of brain tissue areremoved and frozen within 12 hours of death. The problem is that autopsies arefrequently delayed for more than a day, and even then, brain tissue is...
Raise eggs' vitamin D3 content sevenfold by adding more vitamin D to chicken feed
... Lehikoinenof the University of Helsinki's applied chemistry
and microbiology departmentand Professor Tuomo Kiiskinen of the Agricultural Research Centre of Finland....
Green tea shows antioxidant benefits in human plasma
...mentation, " said Teruo Miyazawa, Ph.D.,biodynamic chemistry
professor at the Tohoku University Graduate School of LifeScience and Agriculture and the study's principal investigator. Green tea is a very popular beverage in Japan and throughout many parts of theworld. It has been linked in other studies to pos...
Yale cancer center to test cervical cancer prevention drug: NCI grant funds research
...cer. David Austin, Ph.D., assistant professor of chemistry
at Yale University, firstpredicted on the basis of studies with colleague Rolf Loewe, Ph.D. that certainmembers of the indole family of compounds would suppress HPV infections. Afterlearning that indole 3 carbinole was already under investigation by...
New tests for blood clots, lung cancer use NIDCR patented technology
...lanoma and breastcancer are under development. The chemistry
that facilitated the development of the new imaging tests is thebrainchild of Dr. Robey, Ray Fields, his assistant at the time, and formerVisiting Associate, Dr. Wolfgang Lindner. In 1991, Robey and his colleaguespatented a method by which synthetic...
Study reveals many dental patients don't realize they have major medical conditions
...inalysis, complete blood countand a standard blood chemistry
panel. While no patients in the study reported having diabetes, 15 percent testedpositive for the disease. In addition, only 5 percent of participants reported ahistory of abnormal cholesterol, while 56 percent tested positive forexceptionally high ...
Strain makes for stronger engineered tissues
... is that it demonstrates an interactionbetween the chemistry
and the mechanics," Mooney explains. "It was not ...ve broaderimplications, says Mooney. "The idea of chemistry
determining how a tissueresponds to a mechanical signal is an important idea that potentially applie...
Material that made car bumpers shine finds a role in manufacture of drugs, dyes
...lm. The findings published recently in the chemistry
journal AngewandteChemie are part of a research pr...um chloride makes it possible to use combinatorial chemistry
in themanufacture of anilines. Such a development could speed up the screening of thecompounds for a...
U.S., British scientific societies honor penicillin as International Chemical Landmark
... the grandeur of chemistry, while underlining that chemistry
is a very human enterprise, filled with all triumphs and setbacks of men and women trying to understand the world and make it better," said Ed Wasserman, Ph.D., president of the American Chemical Society. A plaque, to be erected at the Alexander Flem...
Chemists take new approach to fighting resistance
...researcher Shahriar Mobashery, Ph.D., professor of chemistry
at Wayne State University in Detroit. "The longer the bacteria are exposed to a given antibiotic, the higher the likelihood they will eventually evolve a resistance to that antibiotic," Dr. Mobashery said. Antibiotic resistance means that drugs th...
Chemist Percy Julian captures spirit of black history celebration scientist
... in Austria where he received his Ph.D. in organic chemistry
in 1929. Returning to the United States in 1931...oy products division. Julian used his knowledge of chemistry
to make a wide variety of products from soybeans, including sex hormones, other steroids, and foams ...
Pittsburgh researcher receives national award: Finds new ways to make molecules used as anti-cancer drugs
...ng in San Francisco. Curran specializes in radical chemistry
at the University of Pittsburgh, where he is the B...er also was a chemist, "so I was always exposed to chemistry
growing up," he said. "ButI really didn't get excited about it as a career until I was an undergradu...
St. Paul researcher receives national award
...28 years. Alfred Burger, the professor emeritus in chemistry
at the University of Virginia for whom the award i...er was a pharmacist, "so I was able to make my own chemistry
set even when I was a little kid. But I was also interested in art," he added. Noting that he ended ...
Piedmont researcher receives national award
...in San Francisco. Water is where 99 percent of all chemistry
takes place, from making pharmaceuticals to conceiving children. Because water is so familiar, it's easy to forget its properties are highly unusual and extreme, said Saykally, a physical chemist at the University of California, Berkeley. "Because of...
Methamphetamine abuse linked to long-term damage to brain cells
...are diseased or damaged. "We found abnormal brain chemistry
in the methamphetamine users in all three brain regions we studied. In one of the regions, the amount of damage is also related to the history of drug use--those who had used the most methamphetamine had the strongest indications of cell damage," Dr...
Synthetic rubber kills germs on contact
...nted by Shelby Davis Worley, Ph.D., a professor of chemistry
at Auburn University in Auburn, Ala. Worley says the new material - the first antimicrobial rubber - uses a different mechanism to fight infection than conventional coatings and protective plastics. In laboratory tests, it killed viruses and ...
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