Tag: "childhood" at medical news

South African government urged to take action in preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission

...cord by providing free immunisations against major childhood infections to children under the age of 6 years. The lack of a similar policy to prevent the single most common perinatally transmitted cause of mortality in children is of concern. He concludes: As scientists and clinicians, we share a deep commit...

Genetic test for cell-proliferation enzyme could improve treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

... seems to be a significant predictor of outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. This finding could lead to individualisation of treatment for patients with this disease....

Parenting News: More than one hour of TV a day may lead to violence, Science study suggests

...r television viewing and violent behavior, such as childhood neglect, low family income, or a psychiatric disorder during adolescence. The youths in the study and their mothers were interviewed four times over the course of 18 years and assigned to three categories: those who watched less than one hour of tel...

Childhood sexual abuse proves top predictor for HIV infection in women

A history of childhood sexual abuse overshadows all other factors that pl... them at risk for HIV. Women who reported chronic childhood sexual abuse were seven times more likely to engage in high-risk unprotected sexual behavior as adul...

Tool pinpoints acceptable pricing of combination vaccines

...es of injections than about the benefits gained by childhood immunizations, Jacobson said. His analysis tool in...th the 12 licensed vaccines now being used for six childhood diseases in the Recommended Childhood Immunization Schedule. Rather than finding a single price, th...

Children as young as 5 have gender bias when it comes to picking a musical instrument

...ity of Sydney in Australia, knew that in the 1970s childhood instrument preferences had been noted among third and fourth graders. After nearly three decades of increasingly equal opportunities for women in many countries, the researchers wondered if these gender-based stereotypes still existed, if they occur...

Brain undergoes gains and losses in cognitive abilities during adolescence

DENVER, CO -- The transition from childhood to adulthood means we gain some cognitive abilities, but lose others, according to a scientific paper presented at the American Academy of Neurology Annual Meeting in Denver, April 13-20. The conclusions from the relatively small study are preliminar...

Kaleidescope eyes: the secrets of a novel gift

...ous effort. They are typically present from early childhood and they are highly consistent over time," says Rich. "One lady saw most of her letters as different, but specific shades of burgundy. These shades were consistent over time. She was even able to match most of the shades she saw on a computer paint...

Calcium channel gene may play a role in severity of neurodegenerative brain disease

...SCA2 occurs in adulthood, but it can also occur in childhood or very late in life despite identical gene mutations. In either situation, SCA2 is caused by a gene mutation made up of very long repeats of three chemical bases (C-A-G) in the DNA sequence that tend to get bigger over time. In successive generati...

Enzyme halts muscle waste in mouse models of most-common childhood muscular dystrophy

...Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), the most common childhood form of muscular dystrophy, is halted in mice when supplemental amounts of a naturally occurring enzyme are added to the skeletal muscle. These results from researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine are publish...

Exploring the brain chemistry of people at risk for alcohol disorders

...een during adulthood, and of conduct disorder, its childhood predecessor, is a lack of normal response to aversive events. This is manifested by the inability of such children and adults to respond normally to parental corrections and even to corporal punishment. This lack of response to social censure and p...

Adult sleepwalking may be genetic disorder

DENVER, CO Adult sleepwalking differs from childhood sleepwalking, and it may have a genetic component,...cent of healthy people who were tested. More than childhood sleepwalking, adult sleepwalking is associated with potentially dangerous activities. In this study,...

Kids getting a steady diet of fast food on the tube

...chers say this trend may contribute to the rise in childhood obesity. Physical inactivity during leisure activities, including television viewing, has been implicated as a contributor to the prevalence of obesity in children and risk for heart disease later in life. This study cannot confirm an associat...

Hungry children: more depression, suicide, low grades

...can children live in poverty, the highest level of childhood poverty among developed nations, and that almost 4 million children live in homes where at times, due to lack of economic resources, there is not enough food. Previous studies had shown that depression is a common result of insufficient food, particu...

Multimillion-dollar grant to fund more research into speech disorder

...ved to play a role in the onset and development of childhood stuttering. Areas to be examined and individuals heading the studies are language function, Ruth Watkins, UI; epidemiology, Nicoline Ambrose, UI; motor/physiological functions, Patricia Zebrowski, Iowa; and psychological factors, Ellen Kelly, Purdue...

The Lancet Oncology (TLO) and The Lancet Infectious Diseases (TLID)

...quence of the Chernobyl accident. The findings for childhood leukaemia, they comment, are less conclusive. Among adult populations, there is no strong evidence to suggest that risk of thyroid cancer, leukaemia, or other malignant disease has increased as a result of the Chernobyl accident. Hormone-replacemen...

Heart health should be the front line of diabetes care

...re to produce insulin, and it most often begins in childhood or adolescence. It accounts for 10 to 15 percent of all diabetes. Much more common is type 2 diabetes, which results from insufficient production of insulin, poor response to insulin (insulin resistance) or both. People with type 2 diabetes often ...

Waiting to have a baby

...nt. "Their relatively early reproduction and good childhood and adult survivorship combine to produce this result," says Low. "Under almost all conditions in the models, we found that reproduction in the early 20s led to the greatest lineage success for women." Low, who gave birth to her first and only child...

Yale researchers find potential target for treatment and prevention of osteoporosis

... density," Lifton said. Bone mass increases during childhood and peaks at about the age of 20. It is a major determinant of the risk of osteoporotic fracture. Nearly one million fractures occur annually in people over the age of 65, the majority of which are due to osteoporosis. Twin and family studies indicat...

Insurers should pay for children's costly cancer treatments

...le such data exist anywhere on the actual costs of childhood cancers and other rare diseases, he added. "Canc...emorial Association. "If we were to compare these childhood treatments to almost any adult procedure, we would be able to show that childhood cancer care is ext...

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