Tag: "cities" at medical news
Study Shows Major Savings In Supervising TB Care
... while TB rates increased 1.8 percent among the 20 cities
with the highest TB rates in 1981, the rate declined by 51.7 percent in Baltimore, according to a previous report by Hopkins researchers. After instituting DOT, Baltimore's TB rate fell from the second highest in the nation to 32nd by 1994. Results o...
TB Prophylaxis Unnecessary In HIV-Infected People With Anergy, Study Suggests
... AIDS. NIAID currently funds 15 CPCRA units in 14 cities
throughoutthe United States. NIAID is a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). NIAID conductsand supports research to prevent, diagnose and treat illnesses such as AIDS andother sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis, asthma and ...
Researchers Show That Stroke Awareness Programs Are Effective; Also Find That Women Are More Likely To Get The Message
...randomly sampling 1,314 people by telephone in the cities
ofBloomington and Normal in central Illinois. The...on, which is slightly more than 100,000 in the two cities
combined. A second survey conducted five months after the first was used to assessthe effec...
Baby Milk Manufacturers Are Breaking The Rules
...aylor's study is the first of its kind and covered cities
in Bangladesh, Poland, South Africa and Thailand. The author found that baby milk manufacturers violate the code by continuing to send free gifts to mothers or indirectly apply marketing pressure through free gifts or samples to health workers. Ta...
Health Workers May Experience Costly Dislocation As Health Spending Growth Slows
...e is no apparent substitute, major portions of our cities
will be extremely hard hit. Fein reminds us that we will make less beneficial progress if those who feel their jobs threatened worked to block change. "It is in our self-interest to reduce those frictions. We need to prepare for tomorrow." CONTACT: ...
Many Gay Men Infected With HIV Are Opting To Delay Treatment, Despite
Availability Of Drugs
...York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and San Francisco--the cities
withthe largest gay communities in the United States--were using multiple-drugtherapy consisting of a protease inhibitor in combination with otheranti-retroviral drugs. The study found no major differences in the rates amongthe cities. "What I found...
Get Me To The ER On Time
... emergency care forheart attack in 20 medium-sized cities
in five regions of the country. The18-month campa...unity intervention. The study was conducted in 20 cities
in 10states including Alabama, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Dakota,Oregon, South Dakot...
Advisory: Researchers Present Work At Annual Meeting
...M epidemiologists shows that Americans who live in cities
with greater disparities in income are more likely to die than those who live in cities
where differences in income are not as large. The effects of income inequality on Americans was exa...
New drugs, diagnostic tests, software needed to prepare US cities for chemical, biological attacks
...errorist attack requires more thansimply providing cities
with military training and equipment, according to a newreport from a committee of the Institute of Medicine and the National ResearchCouncil. The committee identified more than 60 research and developmentprojects as potentially useful in minimizin...
Forecasting Killer Heat: UD Systems Predict Deadly Weather Worldwide
...ronment, and buildings in Southern andSouthwestern cities
-- from Miami, Fla., to Houston, Tx. -- are design...Ariz.,Kalkstein's EHP article shows. "Other U.S. cities
with high summer heat deaths include Detroit, Mich.; Chicago,Ill.; Newark, N.J.; and St. Louis, Mo.,...
Active Aging Makes A Difference: World Health Day 1999 Set April 7
...of observations and celebrations incommunities and cities
throughout the Americas, ranging from officialdeclarations to publications to contests, walks and other events....
Anal Cancer Screening For HIV-Positive Gay And Bisexual Men Would Save Lives And Be Cost Effective, New Study Shows
...s the possibility that thedisease pattern in these cities
is unique." Also, more health workers will need to be trained, both in performing biopsieswhen the screening test shows abnormal cells, and in surgical procedures totreat the precancerous lesions, the study notes. At present, surgery for thiscancer i...
New nationwide study in six cities will look at the method & message for changing risky HIV behavior
A nationwide study being launched in six U.S. cities
is designed to answer oneof the major unknowns of the AIDS epidemic: What type of one-on-one counselingis most effective in changing high-risk behavior to prevent HIV infection? The study is one of the first large-scale research projects to focus on...
Researchers seek postmenopausal women smokers for hormone, heart disease study
...ited because women --especially those from outside cities
and towns -- have been under-represented inpast studies of heart disease, Girdler said. No previous researchers have lookedat estrogen replacement in women who smoke except in observational studies notconsidered definitive but which suggest smokers m...
Many Virginians would increase taxes for K-12 education, study finds
...schools, more residents of the urban crescent (the cities
and countiesin Northern Virginia, Richmond, and Hampton Roads) gave the "excellent" rankingthan did the rural residents. Also, 63 percent of people under the age of 40wanted more spent on K-12 schools, compared to one-half of those over40-years-old. ...
Unprotected anal sex increasing in San Francisco
...higher rates of HIV infection. Already, several US cities
have reported an increase in rectal gonorrhea,including San Francisco. "We want to go back to the community with our findings before HIV rates followsuit," said Ekstrand. "Unless we can find ways to help gay men devise practicaland long-term HIV pre...
Drug companies responded poorly to requests for information from doctors in Pakistan
...s to 45 companies (made by 24 doctors in different cities
in Pakistan), only just over a quarter (26 per cent; 39 responses) received a response. Of these 39 responses only six met the WHO criteria for optimal drug information. Hafeez and Mirza also found that the specialists who made requests received twi...
Indiana University Cancer Center receives National Cancer Institute designation
...new class of urban universities engaged with their cities
andstates, especially in the promotion of health, wellness, longevity and qualityof life," said IUPUI Chancellor Gerald L. Bepko. The IU faculty members affiliated with the IU Cancer Center are recognized fortheir excellence in developing gene therap...
Traditional Chinese diet helps ward off heart disease
...ill share them. In contrast, Chinese in mainland cities
are consuming more meat and dairy products, and even enjoy ice cream -- a particular favorite of the younger generation. "It is our great concern, that what has happened to many western Chinese will happen to many westernized mainland Chinese in the...
New mathematical model explains changing patterns in epidemics
...altimore. Patterns of measles epidemics in those cities
range from similar outbreaks every year, to large or small outbreaks in alternate years, to very irregular outbreaks of varying size. In each city, numerous transitions between these various epidemic patterns have occurred. The team's research unco...
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