Tag: "compared" at medical news

Beta-blockers may help broader group of patients with heart problems

...of patients treated with beta-blockers were alive, compared to 50 percent of those who received no beta-blockers. Beta-blocker therapy still showed a strong survival benefit after researchers adjusted for patients' age, gender, hypertension, diabetes and coronary artery disease. Ramdas G. Pai, M.D., professor...

Serum sodium level is a major predictor of a poor prognosis for heart failure patients

... percent mortality rate at 60 days post discharge, compared with a 30.4 percent mortality rate in those showing no improvement. "Currently, the medical community is not paying much attention to serum sodium levels in heart failure patients. However, serum sodium appears to be a modifiable target that can b...

Study finds drug eluting stents as effective as vascular brachytherapy in preventing restenosis

...f ISR is unclear. To help clarify these issues, we compared in-hospital and six month outcomes in patients wit...the Emory databank questionnaires, the researchers compared the baseline demographic variables, angiographic variables and frequencies of in-hospital and 6-mont...

Studies underscore genetic involvement in nicotine addiction & aggressive hostility

...havioral geneticists at the University of Colorado compared the average daily nicotine consumption in mice. Co-author Jerry Stitzel, PhD, and his team found that mice with the "threonine" polymorphism (an alteration to a gene's DNA sequence) in a gene called Chrna4 consumed significantly more nicotine than m...

Depression predicts heart rhythm abnormalities in heart attack patients

...d at least one episode of ventricular tachycardia, compared to only 10 percent for the non-depressed patients. We also found a strong correlation between the severity of the depression and the number of beats of ventricular tachycardia." Specifically, the researchers found that based on scores from the common...

New treatment options for some difficult cancers improve survival and quality of life

... in this study had a mean survival of 45.1 months, compared to 3.1 months for patients who received only traditional treatment. "While further study is needed on the effects of surgery and IPHC with other treatments," said Shen, "the data from this study suggest that this combination seems to be an effective...

The impact of cruciate ligament rupture on osteoarthritis of the knee

...resent in nearly one-quarter of the case subjects, compared with less than 3 percent of the controls. Further...shown to lessen episodes of rotational instability compared with knees that remain ACL deficient, leading to the speculation that reconstructive surgery may red...

Heart surgeons publish death rates

...ity of the patients' illness, and the figures were compared with national data. A total of 10,163 patients had surgery under the care of 25 surgeons. The average number of patients per surgeon was 363 for coronary surgery and 44 for aortic valve surgery. The proportion of high risk surgery was 17% for coronar...

MRI better than current standard in assessing neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer

...chemotherapy. The results of these tests were then compared to the pathology results following surgery. MRI was right (when compared to pathology results) 71% of the time. It overestimated the amount of residual tumor in 6% and under...

Daily supplement may boost birthweight of babies in the developing world

...irthweight was more marked in female infants (108g compared with 44g in males) and in infants of mothers whose body mass index was 18.5kg/m2 or more (83 g compared with 54g in those with a body mass index of less than 18.5 kg/m2). Dr Osrin concludes: "Our tentati...

Mayo Clinic develops first genomic-based test to predict stroke from ruptured brain aneurysm

...9 patients who had unruptured brain aneurysms, and compared them with the genetic variants of 58 emergency room patients with ruptured aneurysms. Blood samples were taken from all, and DNA analysis performed. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age, race, gender, health hist...

Study examines racial differences among children to environmental tobacco smoke exposure

.... 0.97 ng/ml) and hair (0.25 ng/mg vs. 0.07 ng/mg) compared to white children. This pattern held true even after taking into account tobacco smoke exposure, size of home and other sociodemographic characteristics, according to Dr. Wilson. "These differences in cotinine could provide clues to the racial diffe...

Immersion in virtual world alleviates pain from injury

... the children felt when they were playing and then compared it to the amount of pain felt when painkillers were used alone. To measure the intensity of the pain, the team used the Faces Scale, which attributes a score from 0 to 10, wherein 10 represents maximum pain, to a facial manifestation of pain. For you...

Meditation may reduce heart disease risk

...se in the ability of their blood vessels to dilate compared to a 4 percent decrease experienced by their non-meditating peers, says Dr. Vernon A. Barnes, physiologist at the Medical College of Georgia's Georgia Prevention Institute and lead investigator on the study. "Our blood vessels are not rigid pipes," s...

Men more likely to get screened for prostate cancer than colon cancer, U-M study finds

...en's adherence to colorectal cancer screenings and compared it to mammograms to screen for breast cancer and Pap smears to check for cervical cancer. That research found only half of women who got regular mammograms and Pap smears also had a colonoscopy or other colon cancer screening. Carlos is currently le...

Gender a factor in who gets bypass surgery

...onsistent with the bypass surgery received it-- as compared to twenty-four percent of men. In 1998, among sim..., twenty percent of females received heart bypass, compared to thirty-three percent of men. The relative odds of a woman meeting the criteria but not receiving ...

Increasing physician volume requirement could improve mammogram accuracy, study concludes

...e-positive rates. The researchers estimated that, compared with physicians who met the minimum standards of the Mammography Quality Standards Act and who focus less on screening, physicians who interpret 2,500 to 4,000 mammograms annually and have a higher screening focus have 50% fewer false-positive diagno...

Other highlights in the March 2 JNCI

...ated with 2.4 times the risk of endometrial cancer compared with no treatment. The risk increased with the duration of treatment and did not diminish in the 5 years following the end of treatment. The risk was similar in pre- and postmenopausal women. The authors write that, until further data are available, ...

'Artery clearing' system does not provide benefit for patients undergoing PCI

...ricular function, and enhanced event-free survival compared with controls. Gregg W. Stone, M.D., of Columbia University Medical Center and Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, and colleagues performed a clinical trial to evaluate the usefulness of distal microcirculatory protection during mechanical ...

Older women can benefit from chemotherapy to treat breast cancer

... cancer cases between 1975 and 1999. These trials compared more aggressive with less aggressive chemotherapy regimens. A total of 6, 487 women with lymph node-positive breast cancer were included in the trials; 542 (8 percent) of the patients were 65 years or older and 159 (2 percent) were 70 years or olde...

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