Tag: "compared" at medical news
Folic acid and vitamin B12 decrease risk of hip fracture in stroke patients
...er their stroke had a reduced risk of hip fracture compared
to patients who took placebo, according to an article in the March 2 issue of JAMA. According to background information in the article, stroke patients have a two to four times greater risk of hip fracture than their healthy peers. Researchers believ...
'Smart' immune cells kill more cancer
...growth of 86 percent of myeloma stem cell colonies compared
to 47 percent for activated t-cells taken from circulating blood. The researchers' next step is to determine whether the cells' ability to limit cancer growth in culture dishes ultimately may do the same in patients. Kimmel Cancer Center researchers...
Studies address issues of risk and survival in rapidly increasing GI cancers
...ad an approximately 30 percent lower risk of death compared
to normal and underweight patients. Patients wit... year) had an up to 38 percent lower risk of death compared
to low-income patients (<$15,000 per year). Women survived longer than men. "Unfortunately, s...
Exercise tolerance is good screening test for chest pain patients
...rity of a patient's condition. Those patients were compared
with 212 who were routinely admitted to Saint Marys Hospital in Rochester. The researchers found that those who were eligible for the treadmill testing frequently had normal results and could be safely discharged from the emergency room without any s...
Fewer false alarms when mammographers have greater experience screening healthy breasts
...to the anxiety of false positives for cancer, when compared
to physicians with less experience or those who don't have the same focus, according to a new study. The research was led by a UCSF team and is published in the March 2 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute . Screening mammograms are...
African-Americans receive less aggressive heart attack treatment
...diac catheterization for treatment of heart attack compared
to 50 percent of every 100 African-Americans. The ...between African-Americans and whites are narrowing compared
to earlier periods, the gap remains an important public health problem. "Heart disease is a leading ...
Influenza vaccination programmes for children in USA and Canada based on little evidence
...38% effectiveness in children older than two years compared
with placebo or no immunisation. Inactivated vacci...al stays and lower respiratory tract disease, when compared
with placebo or no intervention. However, the authors note that these conclusions are based on a sma...
Is caesarean section linked to postnatal depression?
...n section altered the odds of postnatal depression compared
with planned vaginal delivery. Among planned vaginal deliveries there was similarly little evidence of a difference between women who had an operative delivery and those who had spontaneous vaginal delivery. There is no reason for women with a histor...
Study examines harm reduction among injection drug users
...gram as their primary source for acquiring needles compared
to 18 percent from pharmacies and 50 percent who r...ore likely to get there syringes from safe sources compared
to those who have been injecting for shorter periods of time. Participants who acquired syringes fro...
Infectious microorganism linked to kidney stones and other diseases
...onment, NB was found to multiply five times faster compared
to normal gravity on Earth, supporting earlier discoveries that microbes have radically different behavior in weightless environments. NB is also shown to possibly be an infectious risk for crew members living in close quarters. "The concept that nan...
Plant derivative attacks the roots of leukemia
...normal cells. In laboratory experiments, they also compared
how human leukemia stem cells reacted to parthenolide, versus a common chemotherapy drug called cytarabine. The result: parthenolide selectively killed the leukemia cells while sparing the normal cells better than cytarabine. Scientists believe part...
Columbia study finds hemophilia therapy dramatically improves outcomes for bleeding stroke
... clinical outcomes in patients treated with rFVIIa compared
to placebo. ICH is the deadliest and most disablin...alf the amount of additional bleeding in the brain compared
to placebo-treated patients. ICH volume growth in the 40, 80, and 160 g/kg treatment groups (P=0....
A safer route to school makes children more likely to walk and bike, study shows
...k or bike to school when the project is completed, compared
to classmates who do not pass such projects. "The kind of infrastructure improvements we looked at in this study are the low-hanging fruit of transportation projects, and it's quite impressive that these are producing measurable effects," said Marlo...
Marijuana ingredient may stall decline from Alzheimer's
...sue of The Journal of Neuroscience. The team first compared
the brain tissue of patients who died from Alzheimer's disease with that of healthy people who had died at a similar age. They looked closely at cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 proteins to which cannabinoids bind, allowing their effects to be felt ...
UCLA study shows that people drink less alcohol as they age
...e born more recently reduce their drinking less as compared
with people who were born earlier." Researchers used data from the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 1971-75 (NHANES I) and from follow-ups conducted between 1982 and 1992. NHANES I survey subjects comprised a sample of more t...
Study examines three-day antibiotic regimens for treating bladder infection in women
..., and colleagues conducted a randomized trial that compared
3-day regimens of amoxicillin-clavulanate and cipr... of 160 women treated with amoxicillin-clavulanate compared
with 124 (77 percent) of 162 women treated with ciprofloxacin. Amoxicillin-clavulanate was not as ef...
Referrals to palliative care come too late to improve quality of life for cancer patients
...ions with physicians about end of life care (55%), compared
to those who thought referral time was appropriate (79%). Of the families who did not have such conversations, factors included family unwillingness (14%), patient unwillingness (18%), and physician unwillingness (57%). Families who reported late ...
Cancer in patients with hepatitis C
...oma and multiple myeloma were significantly higher compared
to the general population 1.99 and 2.54 times higher, respectively. Their risk of chronic lymphatic leukemia and thyroid cancer were not significantly higher, and the incidence of both acute lymphatic leukemia and Hodgkin's lymphoma was too low to b...
Celecoxib safe for short-term use in patients with cirrhosis
...sis of the liver, according to a recent study that compared
the effects of celecoxib, naproxen, and a placebo on cirrhotic patients in a double-blind randomized controlled study. The findings are published in the March 2005 issue of Hepatology, the official journal of the American Association for the Study of...
Insurance incentives might help smokers quit, study says
...king-cessation treatments can increase quit rates, compared
to benefit plans that pick up only part of the tab...ight, however. In studies where a full benefit was compared
to no benefit, abstinence rates among smokers rose 2 percentage points, Kaper says. "In this economi...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10