Tag: "cravings" at medical news

Smoking causes cognitive impairment in adolescents

... mood, symptoms of nicotine withdrawal and tobacco cravings in 41 adolescent daily smokers and 32 nonsmokers. The groups were similar in age, gender and education. "Adolescent smokers were found to have impairments in accuracy of working memory performance," Jacobsen said. Other studies show adult non-smoker...

Brain regions activated by food craving overlap with areas implicated in drug craving

...netic resonance imaging (fMRI) to reveal that food cravings activate brain areas related to emotion, memory an..., comments, "This is consistent with the idea that cravings of all kinds, whether for food, drugs, or designer shoes, have common mechanisms." Studies of food...

Marijuana-like compounds may aid array of debiliating conditions ranging from Parkinson's to pain

...appetite," says Cowley. "Some users describe these cravings as the munchies." This and other work has prompted the development of drugs that combat appetite by blocking the cannabinoid receptors, which are activated by marijuana. "Some of these drugs are in late stage clinical trials," says Cowley. "How they...

Mayo Clinic establishes landmark research program to predict and prevent alcoholism

...problem and that there is good evidence that these cravings have a genetic basis. Some genes already have been linked to alcoholism, but every relevant gene must be identified so we can learn how they interact," says Dr. Mrazek. "This can lead to personalized therapies for people at risk for developing alcoho...

Disulfiram and cognitive behavioral therapy appear effective for treating cocaine dependence

...e, and can impair judgment and lower resistance to cravings for cocaine. Researchers hypothesize that by reducing alcohol use with disulfiram, users might be less likely to abuse cocaine. However, use of disulfiram has not been evaluated in general populations of cocaine users. Kathleen M. Carroll, Ph.D., f...

Methamphetamine withdrawal associated with brain changes seen in mood disorders

...iety. The methamphetamine abusers also rated their cravings for the drug within 48 hours of the scan. The scientists found that methamphetamine abusers reported higher ratings of depression and anxiety than nonabusers. The PET scans showed that the two groups exhibited significant differences in glucose ...

Rising cost of cigarettes may help smokers honor new years resolution to quit

...Commit lozenge that can help smokers control their cravings and withdrawal symptoms. These tools, combined with support and encouragement from friends and family, have been shown to increase a smoker's chances of quitting successfully." In addition to cigarette tax hikes, the trend among governmental officia...

Genetic variant may impact smoking cessation

...enetic variant may be more vulnerable to cigarette cravings and relapse when trying to quit smoking, a study b...t of the CYP2B6 gene reported greater increases in cravings for cigarettes following the quit date and were about one and a half times more likely to relapse d...

U.S. Food and Drug Administration approves effective new tool to help smokers quit

...ge, from the marketers of Nicorette, helps control cravings by delivering craving-fighting medicine fast. Additionally, its groundbreaking new dosage-selection tool, "Time to First Cigarette" (TTFC), enables smokers to get the right strength of nicotine based on how quickly they need to smoke after waking. ...

UT Southwestern researcher studies causes, treatment of bipolar disease coupled with drug abuse

...se to determine whether major stress triggers drug cravings and initiates relapse or increased drug use. The S...bilizing manic episodes, may also help reduce drug cravings and usage," Nejtek said. The second study will examine stress-induced drug use to predict whether...

OTC sales of smoking cessation aids up, effectiveness down

... "Also, the products are designed to help with the cravings associated with smoking, but not the behavioral aspects." Pierce added: "If you believe you can't concentrate without a cigarette, the patch or gum will not help you to overcome that trigger to smoke." The researchers write that this study "highlight...

Sugar on the brain: Study shows sugar dependence in rats

... to probe more deeply the connections between food cravings and brain physiology. As far as the plight of the many people who feel powerless in the face of sugar, it also is not clear how the findings will help, he noted. "Unfortunately, it's very difficult to treat addictions," he said. "But it does change t...

Scientists identify brain mechanism that boosts response to alcohol

...ke a promising target for drugs to treat alcoholic cravings and excessive drinking. The research is reported ...e, and the region is central to the development of cravings and behaviors that are the hallmarks of alcoholism and other addictions, researchers say. Convention...

Current interventions fall short for smoking cessation

...ble sensations in the throat and chest and reduced cravings for cigarettes. Smokers who scored high for nicotine dependence, rated nicotine-free cigarettes less than half a point lower than normal cigarettes on a 7-point scale of sensory reward, while less dependent smokers rated more than a point differe...

Blood medicine may ease cocaine withdrawal

...chers found that the medication may reduce cocaine cravings in patients experiencing significant withdrawal symptoms. In the amantadine study, conducted in 1994, 61 cocaine dependent outpatients participated in a four-week, double blind, placebo controlled study in which participants received 100 mg of the m...

Compounds also present in alcoholic beverages may explain chocolate cravings

...olate an addictive food. Scientists cannot explain cravings for the so-called "food of the Gods," nor determine whether it exists. "Finding these active substances, combined with the known pleasurable effects of eating chocolate, may complete the whole picture of chocolate craving," Herraiz said. Up to seven ...

Analysis of study looks at why quitters return to smoking

...ts are a step forward in helping us understand how cravings can affect the smoker beyond the initial cessation phase and throughout the cycle of tobacco dependence," said Dr. Durcan. "This gives medical professionals more knowledge about how to treat smokers, and shows us that some of the hurdles may be best...

Finding offers clue to understanding addiction relapse

... of past experiences. But what causes the powerful cravings underlying this huge relapse problem? University of Wisconsin Medical School researchers are one step closer to the answer. They've found that the memory of drug use can alter an area of the brain not traditionally implicated in addiction. The study ...

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