Tag: "dec" at medical news

Chemical decoy shows promise for slowing Alzheimer's by acting as decoy

SAN DIEGO, March 17 A chemical decoy that shows promise in blocking the toxic brain proteins thought to cause Alzheimer's disease was described here today at the 229th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society. The decoy, which has only been tested in cell culture, is a polymer developed by a team of chemists at The University of Maryland-Baltimore...

Invasive pneumonia and antibiotic resistance decreased after childhood vaccine introduced

ATLANTA--The problem of increasing antibiotic resistance in cases of Streptococcus pneumoniae, a major cause of pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis, was dramatically reversed following the licensing and use of a new conjugate vaccine for young children in February 2000, according to research conducted at Emory University, the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, the Centers for Disease Control a...

US life expectancy about to decline, researchers say

A team of researchers led by University of Illinois at Chicago professor S. Jay Olshansky is predicting a decline in life expectancy in the United States later this century.... ...That prediction, which is based on the dramatic rise in obesity, especially among young people and minorities, is from a special report appearing in the March 17 issue in the New England Journal of Medicine.... ...The s...

Risk of cardiac death after radiotherapy for breast cancer has declined, study finds

The risk of ischemic heart disease that is associated with radiotherapy for breast cancer has substantially decreased in the last 25 years, according to a new study in the March 16 issue of the ...... In 2002, about 42% of women with breast cancer received adjuvant radiation therapy after surgery. Adjuvant radiation therapy decreases a woman's risk of local recurrence of her cancer but can incre...

Study shows risk of cardiac death after radiation for breast cancer has dramatically decreased

HOUSTON - In the largest and most comprehensive prospective study of its kind, researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have concluded that the risk of ischemic heart disease and, ultimately, cardiac death following radiation treatment for breast cancer has steadily declined over the last quarter century, according to a new study published in the March 16 issue of the J...

Treating depression helps slow physical decline in older adults, study shows

INDIANAPOLIS -- Successful treatment of depression not only improves older adults' emotional health, but also helps them perform such daily activities as remembering to take medications, according to a study published in the March 2005 issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society by Indiana University School of Medicine researchers. ...... This is the first study to report that success...

Decreased levels of 'good' cholesterol in children with Progeria may cause premature heart disease

In a study published in the March issue of , researchers found that decreased levels of HDL cholesterol, or "good" cholesterol, may contribute to premature heart disease in children with Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome, or Progeria. Additionally, adiponectin, a hormone that regulates the metabolism of fat and sugar, may be linked to the disease process and prove helpful in finding treatmen...

Folic acid and vitamin B12 decrease risk of hip fracture in stroke patients

Patients who took folic acid and vitamin B12 after their stroke had a reduced risk of hip fracture compared to patients who took placebo, according to an article in the March 2 issue of JAMA....... According to background information in the article, stroke patients have a two to four times greater risk of hip fracture than their healthy peers. Researchers believe this may be due to higher levels...

Marijuana ingredient may stall decline from Alzheimer's

WASHINGTON, DC February 17, 2005 -- New research shows that a synthetic analogue of the active component of marijuana may reduce the inflammation and prevent the mental decline associated with Alzheimer's disease....... "This research is not only a major step in our understanding [of] how the brain reacts to Alzheimer's disease, but may also help open a route to novel anti-Alzheimer's drugs," say...

Immediate mammogram reading may decrease stress associated with abnormal results

Women who receive the results of their screening mammograms immediately after their examination have less stress and anxiety compared with women who have to wait several days for their test results, according to a study in the April 7 issue of the . Surprisingly, however, an educational intervention that taught skills to cope with anxiety was not associated with decreased anxiety among a similar...

Pivotal brain processor decreased in schizophrenia

Irvine, Calif. -- Levels of a pivotal signal processor in the brain are reduced significantly in people with schizophrenia, a study by scientists at UC Irvine, Weill Cornell Medical College and Rockefeller University has found....... The findings suggest that the processor, which helps regulate key neurotransmitters in an area of the brain linked to schizophrenia, could eventually play a key role...

Declining physical activity levels are associated with increasing obesity

The recent worldwide increase in obesity has been attributed to environmental factors such as more sedentary lifestyles and excessive food intake. In an article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Lahti-Koski et al. conducted a series of cross-sectional surveys of Finnish men and women with the aim of assessing the relationship between lifestyle variables and increased obesity over a 1...

Aventis Pasteur statement on HVTN 501 decision

Aventis Pasteur remains committed to the continued development of its ALVAC vector as a preventive AIDS vaccine. The knowledge gleaned from HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) 203 will be useful in moving future studies forward both in the U.S. and internationally. ...... There is no known correlate of protection for HIV vaccines. HVTN 501 was designed to determine possible correlates in additi...

Nonhuman primate males more susceptible to age-related cognitive decline than females

ATLANTA When it comes to aging, women may have another reason to be thankful. Research conducted in nonhuman primates at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center of Emory University shows male nonhuman primates are more susceptible to age-related cognitive decline. The February issue of Behavioral Neuroscience reports this finding, which the researchers say has implications for developing sex...

Teaching a less obvious medical skill -- Ethical decision-making

When medical students at the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine learn about ethical decision-making in patient care, one of the things they paradoxically learn is that an "ethical" problem often isn't one....... Doctors routinely learn specific skills from textbooks, multimedia tools and hands-on training -- from diagnosing rare disorders to honing surgical techni...

State policies decrease youth smoking, drinking and sex

State policies, such as taxing the sale of cigarettes and alcohol, decrease teenage smoking and drinking, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. The researchers also found a correlation between an increased availability of family planning clinics and a decrease in teen sexual intercourse. The study results suggest that state and local legislatures can hel...

Balancing care decisions for gravely ill patients

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Mayo Clinic researchers studying gravely ill intensive care unit (ICU) patients found that unrealistic family expectations resulted in the increased use of health care resources without a significant improvement in survival rate among these patients.... ...The February Mayo Clinic Proceedings study is important for patients who have a high likelihood of death in a hospital. Ea...

How the stories of ordinary people could give them more say over planning decisions

Stories in their own words from men and women directly caught up in debates and controversies over threats from technologies to themselves and their environment are to be recorded and analysed in new research sponsored by the ESRC. ... ...This new approach, which pays much more attention to how ordinary people understand risks in the context of their everyday lives, could give them a greater say...

Adults who had higher exposure to infant siblings have decreased risk for MS

Adults who report having had higher exposure to infant siblings during their first 6 years of life have a reduced risk of multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study in the January 26 issue of .... ...The "hygiene hypothesis" proposes that early life infections may reduce the risk for allergic and autoimmune disorders, and can influence the developing immune system, according to background inf...

Scientists identify brain regions that decide where we look

Scientists have found the brain regions that decide where we look, and where to direct our eyes when we're faced with a difficult choice, such as looking someone straight in the eye or looking away....... According to research published today in Current Biology, the team from Imperial College London and University College London, have found that different areas of the brain are active when we fre...

Higher folate intake associated with decreased risk of hypertension in women

John P. Forman, M.D., of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston and colleagues analyzed data from two studies (93,803 younger women aged 27 to 44 years in the Nurses' Health Study II [1991-1999] and 62,260 older women aged 43 to 70 years in the Nurses' Health Study I [1990-1998]). The participants did not have a history of hypertension. Baseline information on dietary fol...

Multiple therapies curb declining ability to learn with age

A new study of beagles led by researchers at the University of Toronto at Scarborough underscores the importance of using a combination of diet and behaviour therapies to curb the progressive decline in the ability to learn that occurs with advanced aging. ......"We were really surprised just how clear-cut the benefit is of using a combined therapy," says lead investigator and psychology professo...

Environmental tobacco smoke linked to reading, math, logic and reasoning declines in children

CINCINNATI A new Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center study shows that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, even at extremely low levels, is associated with decreases in certain cognitive skills, including reading, math, and logic and reasoning, in children and adolescents....... The study is the largest ever to look at the effects of environmental tobacco smoke on children's health...

Magnetic resonance imaging deconstructs brain's complex network

A team headed by scientists at Northwestern University, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), has shown how to visualize the human brain as a massive, interacting, complex network governed by a few underlying dynamic principles.... The research opens fascinating possibilities for future basic and applied studies to investigate the dynamics of brain states, particularly in cases of...

Web-based tool to help clinicians make schizophrenia treatment decisions

A new Web-based tool will be available January 1, 2005 to help clinicians determine the best medication for patients with schizophrenia. An international team led by Vanderbilt University Medical Center's Herbert Meltzer, M.D., recently completed the new algorithms, or step-by-step protocols, which will provide clinicians a resource as they make treatment decisions....... The value of the algorit...

Maintaining physical activity linked to less cognitive decline in older men

ST. PAUL, Minn. Longer and more intense physical activity may help people maintain their cognitive skills as they age, according to a 10-year study of elderly men published in the December 28, 2004 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology....... The study reviewed the data of 295 men, born between 1900 and 1920, from the Finland, Italy and Netherlands Elder...

Decreased sensitivity in the brain to estrogen may help explain menopausal changes

A new study suggests that agerelated changes in how the brain responds to the female sex hormone estrogen may be involved in a woman's transition through menopause. The study provides new clues about hormonal influences on hot flashes and night sweats experienced by some women in the menopause transition. ...The findings are reported in the December 22/29, 2004, Journal of the American Medical...

Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, Dec. 21, 2004

...... examine several complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments for very common medical conditions....... A study of 570 people in a randomized, controlled trial comparing acupuncture with sham acupuncture and education to treat osteoarthritis of the knee found that acupuncture, used in addition to regular arthritis care, is effective (Article, p. 901)....... A second study of 13...

Fair decisions more important when hospitals face crisis like SARS

But international medical ethics specialists (appendix 1) who evaluated the performance of one large Toronto area hospital during last year's SARS outbreak conclude that procedural requirements, particularly fair and ethical priority-setting, are even more important in the midst of a crisis.... ..."Hospitals operate at their best when staff and patients trust the process," says Doug Martin, PhD,...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for December 2004 (second issue)

HIGH-RISK ASTHMA PATIENTS REDUCE ASTHMA ...MEDICATION USE AFTER HOSPITALIZATION ...... In a study of high-risk patients with severe asthma who were hospitalized for serious exacerbations, researchers showed that within 7 days of discharge their use of prescribed inhaled corticosteroids and oral steroids had fallen rapidly to approximately 50 percent of their prescribed dose. The investigators...

Other highlights in the December 15 JNCI

The accuracy of mammographic interpretation can vary widely, but the source of the variability has not been explained. To investigate the relationship between radiologists' characteristics and actual performance, William E. Barlow, Ph.D., of Cancer Research and Biostatistics in Seattle, and colleagues surveyed 124 radiologists and tracked cancer outcomes from the more than 460,000 screening mamm...

Decision to take tamoxifen difficult for many women

Alexandria, VA--Many women at high risk for breast cancer are foregoing tamoxifen, the first FDA-approved drug for prevention of breast cancer, due to concerns about side effects, increased risk of other cancers, and lack of information, a new study by researchers in Boston shows. The study will be published December 14 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.... ..."While the availability of tamoxif...

News briefs from the Journal CHEST, December 2004

... ......Asthmatics with frequent mental distress (FMD) are significantly more likely to engage in behaviors that may cause asthma flare-ups and endanger their health than asthmatics without FMD, according to a new study by researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in Atlanta, GA. Researchers surveyed 15,080 asthmatics and found that those with FMD, classified as 14...

European study highlights persistent 3 decade increase in childhood cancer incidence

This release is also available in <a href="http://www.eurekalert.org/staticrel.php?view=LancetSZd...">German. Research from 19 European countries in this week's issue of THE LANCET documents how childhood cancer, while still rare, has been slowly increasing over the past 3 decades....... ...Cancer is rare before age 20 years. Eva Steliarova-Foucher (International Agency for Research on Cancer, L...

Cedars-Sinai medical tipsheet for Dec. 2004

MEDICAL TIP SHEET DECEMBER 2004 - To pursue any of these story ideas, please call Glenda Collins at 310-423-2103. Thank you....... ...Although spinal fusion is a common treatment for low back pain caused by degenerative disc disease, it limits the range of motion in the spine and may cause extra wear and tear on surrounding spinal discs. That's just one of the reasons that Cedars-Sinai is explor...

Child health must become UNICEF's priority over next decade

As a high-level forum assessing the progress on global health in relation to the millennium development goals concluded in Abuja, Nigeria, last week, the rhetoric of success repeated by those charged with ending the needless deaths of millions of the world's children masks their own deep-seated failure to grapple with critical institutional weaknesses in their own ranks. A commentary in this wee...

December 2004 Ophthalmology journal

SAN FRANCISCO--Studies from the December 2004 issue of Ophthalmology, the clinical journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, are now available. These include:... ... Sebaceous Carcinoma of the Eyelids. Personal Experience with 60 Cases: The 2003 J. Howard Stokes Lecture, Part 2... Efficacy and Efficiency of a Small-Incision Minimal Dissection Procedure versus a Traditional Approach...

Dec. 7 tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine

...... A study being released early online found that the COX-2 inhibitor rofecoxib (brand name Vioxx) had 2.72 higher odds for heart attack when compared with another COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib (brand name Celebrex). ...... Rofecoxib was also associated with higher odds for heart attack compared with older NANSAIDs (non-selective non-aspirin non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). It was not cl...

Low platelet counts linked to decreased survival in HIV-infected women

SAN DIEGO (Dec. 5, 2004) - HIV-positive women with low blood platelet counts face significantly higher risk of death compared to women with normal counts, according to a study presented today at the 46th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology. ......Findings come from the Women's Interagency HIV Study, or WIHS, a prospective study of women living with HIV (as well as HIV-negative wo...

November/December 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

...A report published today as an online supplement to the November/December 2004 issue projects that implementation of the New Model of care recommended in the recently released "Future of Family Medicine" report would enhance the financial viability of family medicine practices, many of whose survival is endangered by their place on the front lines of a failing health care system. The report...
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