Tag: "decision" at medical news
Study Shows Major Savings In Supervising TB Care
.... The findings also support a 1978 Baltimore city decision
to set up a DOT program in which health care workers regularly visit patients at home or work to ensure compliance with drug treatment. From 1981 through 1992, while TB rates increased 1.8 percent among the 20 cities with the highest TB rates in 1981...
American Heart Association Comments On Report: "Missed Opportunities In
Preventive Counseling For Cardiovascular Disease - United States 1995"
...advice is a major motivating factor in a patient's decision
to change unhealthybehaviors. Commenting on behalf of the American Heart Association, Philip Greenland, M.D.,chairperson of the AHA's Prevention Committee, says he was "dismayed" at theresults of this survey. Greenland is also the department chai...
Most Comprehensive Study Of Its Kind Shows Common Asthma Medications Don't Cause Behavioral Problems In Children, According To The Journal Pediatrics
...ussion with the child and the parentsmay lead to a decision
to try another medication. But in some cases,particularly where more serious changes in mood or behavior are noted, referralto a mental health professional may prove more effective." http://www.nationaljewish.org/pa...
Understanding Why Antibiotics May Be Over-prescribed For Patients With Sore Throats
...Wales. Dr Butler et al report that the prescribing decision
is very much influenced by the doctor-patient relationship, but that patient satisfaction was not necessarily related to receiving a prescription for antibiotics. Both doctors and patients emphasised the importance of educating patients about the ap...
UCSF AIDS Expert Warns Against Early Treatment For HIV Infection
...ty for thelifetime of the person." He adds, "Any decision
to stop the drugs could only be made if one hadassurances that all infected cells had been eliminated--now an unlikelyevent--or the immune system has recovered sufficiently to control HIV." Levy supports therapy during acute or primary infection, not...
National Science Foundation Awards Knowledge And Distributed Intelligence Grants
...e a detailed interdisciplinary study of sequential decision
making across animals and robots, with a focus on ...entally tractable test-beds for studying real-time decision
making in partially observable environments. Multiscale Modeling of Defects in Solids (NCC) Awar...
Duke Physicians: Clinicians Have Ethical Obligation To Consider Alternative Medicine
... own, something whichcould influence a clinician's decision
to prescribe an antidepressant. Withouteliciting information about the patient's alternative therapy choices, thepatient's health could be jeopardized. Clinicians also are obliged to help patients reach their health-relatedgoals, which is th...
Drip And Ship: Start Drug Early, Especially If Plan To Transfer Heart Patient To Larger Hospital
...ptifibatide ended up being transferred. Since the decision
of whether ornot to transfer was made after the randomization of the patient to drug orplacebo, the researchers concluded that in many of the eptifibatide cases, thedrug improved the status of patients to the point that they were not thenconsidered s...
Viagra Prescribing Will Be Based On Financial Rather Than Clinical Reasoning
... If it leads to a proper debate over rationing the decision
on sildenafil will not be all bad) The secretary...al in this week's BMJ. In dressing up a rationing decision
as a clinical one, the secretary of state has ended up with the worst of all possible worlds: a deci...
An Ergonomically Redesigned Analgesia Delivery Device Proves Safer And More Efficient
...dified with menu displays to present the user with decision
options in parallel. Finally, functions of controls were redefined to reflect changes in the system dialogue structure, and controls were spatially organized based on functionality. Lin et al (in press) provides a detailed coverage of the interface a...
Vinegar Offers Dependable Test For Cervical Cancer
...nd canhelp health care workers make an on-the-spot decision
as to whether the patientmay need further attention, including treatment -- an important factor inregions where women may live far from medical facilities and cannot be easilyfollowed once they leave." During the first phase of the two-part s...
NHLBI Clinical Trial Stopped Early: Successful Ventilator Strategy Found For Intensive Care Patients On Life Support
...istress Syndrome (ARDS)has been stopped early. The decision
was recommended by the study's Data Safetyand Monitoring Board (DSMB) on March 10, 1999, based on data on the first 800patients which showed approximately 25 percent fewer deaths among patientsreceiving small, rather than large, breaths of air from a...
Study Shows Hormone Replacement Therapy Does Not Elevate Breast Cancer Risk
... good news for women in this group asthey face the decision
to begin ERT at menopause....
NICHD-Funded Researchers Show Estrogen Effects On Brain After Menopause
...consider whenmaking the complex, highly individual decision
as to whether to take estrogensupplements." For the study, Dr. Shaywitz and her coworkers analyzed the brainactivation patterns of 46 women. In the first phase of the study, half of thesewomen were chosen at random to receive 1.25 mg of a ...
Oregon's Terminally Ill Patients More Likely to Have End-Of-Life Choices Respected, Study Finds
...rm. The bright-pink form records a dying patient's decision
to have or limitlife-sustaining treatment; it is signed by the patient's physician and meant tofollow the patient from a home or nursing home through transport by ambulance tothe hospital. The second study, Barriers to Improving Care of the Dying, co...
USC Historian Sifts World's Oldest Printed Medical Books For Clues To Riddle Of Gender
...ble, if not by a woman actingon her own, then as a decision
arrived at in consultation with a patient'sfamily: "However precious descendants were to a family, there was no absoluteright to fetal life overriding a mother's health, nor were women who were wearyof repeated childbirth necessarily stigmatized." Fu...
Revolutionary New Procedure That Creates 'Controlled' Heart Attack Performed For
First Time In Southern California At Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
...Cardiology at Cedars-Sinai. For many patients, the decision
to undergo surgery is a difficult one, given theinherent risks and lengthy recovery time. But it was the only option until Dr.Ulrich Sigwart, a Swiss physician now practicing in London, developed a radicalnew approach to treating hypertrophic cardiom...
Study Finds Lymph Node Surgery Unnecessary For Many Breast Cancer Patients
...nal Cancer Institute, the research teamdeveloped a decision
model to systematically evaluate axillary lymph no...odes are then analyzed for cancer cells. The Duke decision
model doesnot consider sentinel node biopsy, Parmigiani said. Co-authors on the study are Donald Ber...
NASA Uses EAI Software In Groundbreaking Medical Application
...stem,and we are confident that we made the correct decision
in choosing EAI." The demonstration of this application, which has the potential toimprovehealth care in geographically remote areas throughout the world, willlinkfive workstations-three in California, one in New Mexico and one inOhio-with the NASA s...
Patient Satisfaction And Decision Making Quality Greatly Improved During Improved Medical Consultations, UCSF Researchers Report
...nd preference-based medicine to maximize treatment decision
quality. They also enhanced patient-physician comm...vention groupreported a significantly higher final decision
quality compared to those in thecontrol group (median score 14 versus 10); an improvement in overall...
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