Tag: "defects" at medical news

Scientists align billion-year-old protein with embryonic heart defects

...iences. At this point it is unclear whether subtle defects in SRF might also be linked to adult cardiovascular disease. However, the research provides a foundation for understanding how gene mutations may disrupt heart function, perhaps making some adults more susceptible to heart failure or irregular reacti...

Fred Hutchinson receives $9.7 million to lead early detection consortium

...test would screen for proteins that signal genetic defects associated with faulty DNA repair. Women who harbor such genetic mutations would be good candidates to receive more intensive screening for breast cancer. Project co-investigator Christopher Kemp, Ph.D., an associate member of Fred Hutchinson's Huma...

Research in yeast yields missing link in DNA maintenance machinery

...human leukemias and lymphomas, have been linked to defects in DNA maintenance. Shen's lab studied a particular protein complex, called INO80, that regulates access to DNA. Inside cells, long strands of DNA are wound tightly around a series of proteins called histones. The combination of DNA and its associate...

Drug treatment promising for halting Huntington's-related nerve death

...gy at UT Southwestern, established that one of the defects that leads to death of nerve cells with the mutant huntingtin protein is improper regulation of calcium due to errant signals in the cells. Calcium is inappropriately released from its storage area in the cells, and eventually the cells die. "We ha...

Rehabilitation can restore some vision after stroke

...n Magdeburg, Germany. "Patients with visual field defects can now have reasonable hope that the blindness is changeable. This study found that the effect of therapy lasts well after therapy stops and indicates that extended training tends to further improve results." Vision restoration therapy (VRT) invol...

U of T researchers describe 'Joe Canadian' tongue

...elp surgeons decide how to best reconstruct tongue defects resulting from cancer surgery, says a team of researchers at the University of Toronto. Tim Bressmann, a professor in the Department of Speech-Language Pathology, and his colleague Jonathan Irish, a professor in the Department of Otolaryngology and...

Folic acid recommendations have had little impact on birth defects

...88 to 1998. For each country, cases of neural tube defects were identified, and policies and recommendations ...ise have been healthy were affected by neural tube defects in the study area alone since 1992. The most likely explanation for these results is that recommenda...

$4 million grant boosts University of Michigan campaign for a new children's hospital

...research and care in the area of jaw-related birth defects and to establish a new diagnostic and treatment program for children at risk for profound hearing loss in the U-M Section of Pediatric Otolaryngology. While such programs and research efforts have made Mott a nationally and internationally-recognize...

Potential treatment for Fragile X Syndrome demonstrated in fruit fly model

... patients," says Jongens. These include structural defects in certain neurons, enlarged testes, failure to ma...atterns; attention deficits and hyperactivity, and defects in behavior-dependent learning and memory. "Our thinking was that since so many of the behavioral a...

European folic acid policies are not effective enough

The prevalence of neural tube defects in Europe has not declined substantially in the pa...s examined trends in the prevalence of neural tube defects in 16 European countries between 1980 and 2001, according to their folic acid policies during that t...

Mechanism of RNA recoding: New twists in brain protein production

...an occur when RNA editing goes awry. RNA recoding defects cause neurological problems in all of the animals examined to date....

Storage time and temperature effects nutrients in spinach

...ate deficiency in pregnant women can lead to birth defects such as spina bifida. Spina bifida occurs in the first month of pregnancy when the spinal column does not close completely. Carotenoids are most commonly associated with carrots and other red and orange vegetables, and they help support vision and pr...

New studies show mixed results on epilepsy drugs and birth defects

... With a newer drug, lamotrigine, the risk of birth defects was similar to that in women without epilepsy. But...fects on human fetuses. This study monitored birth defects in lamotrigine-exposed pregnancies reported over more than 11 years in the International Lamotrigine...

Why asthma sufferers struggle with the common cold

...s replication and eliminate infected cells. These defects may be linked, as IFN-beta was recently shown to induce cell death in virus-infected cells. How might this enhanced viral replication lead to asthma? The authors show that the cells from asthma sufferers, although unable to produce IFN-beta, could ...

Treatment of cardiac lesions without anaesthesic

...bolism increases. Although the treatment of septal defects at an auricular or ventricular level traditionally requires open surgery, for a number of years now POF and interauricular communication has been able to be treated percutaneously by means of a special device. This procedure is carried out at the Hae...

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(Date:4/18/2014)... 18, 2014) ― A new study in the ... in health-related Google searches reveals a recurring pattern that ... , Investigators from San Diego State University, the ... Campaigns, analyzed "healthy" Google searches (searches that included the ... originating in the U.S. from 2005 to 2012. They ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... identified the first genetic variant specifically associated with ... for around 10-15 per cent of all breast ... the breast cancer sub-type, called invasive lobular carcinoma, ... of this particular kind of breast cancer, which ... published today (Thursday) in the journal PloS ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine ... have suffered a recent major loss are more likely ... , The study is published in this month,s issue ... , Because compassionate behaviors are associated with better health ... insights into ways to improve the outcomes of individuals ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... New Rochelle, NY, April 17, 2014U.S. military personnel ... "blast plus impact" concussive traumatic brain injury (TBI) ... were evacuated for other medical reasons. Differences in ... and depression 6-12 months after injury are reported ... , a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... 17, 2014 By discovering a new mechanism that ... stroke, researchers at UC Irvine and the Salk Institute ... limit or prevent stroke-induced brain damage. , A complex ... of death and primary reason for disability in the ... stroke and lets blood-borne material into the brain, causing ...
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