Tag: "degeneration" at medical news
Genetics important in age-related macular degeneration
...ial role in the development of age-related macular degeneration
(AMD), one of the leading causes of irreversible blindness among older individuals, according to an article in the March issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. About ten million people in the United States have signs o...
Gene for age-related macular degeneration discovered by Yale researchers
...ine have identified a gene for age-related macular degeneration
(AMD) on a region of chromosome 1, leading the way for targeted treatment for this widespread eye disease that causes blindness in millions of people. The study, led by Josephine Hoh, assistant professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Public ...
Researchers discover link between insulin and Alzheimer's
...insulin production in the brain contributes to the degeneration
of brain cells, an early symptom of Alzheimer's. "These abnormalities do not correspond to Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, but reflect a different and more complex disease process that originates in the CNS (central nervous system)," the paper states. By ...
UCSD-Utah team develops mouse model to test therapies for macular degeneration
...000 children and young adults in the U.S. Macular degeneration
is caused by the deterioration of the central port...ntists said that the AMD and STGD forms of macular degeneration
are characterized by high levels of debris called lipofuscin that accumulates in the retinal pigment...
Columbia researchers receive $3 million to combat genetic killer of infants & toddlers
...in central nervous system development and neuronal degeneration
will be joining the institution. Dr. Henderson wi...ed chemical screens for drugs that can prevent the degeneration
of motor neurons associated with SMA. Committed to supporting research with the highest probability ...
Lack of specific collagen type leads to osteoarthritis
... in the mechanical forces on the cells may lead to degeneration
of the cartilage." For their experiments, the team...osteoarthritis, which is characterized by the slow degeneration
of the buffering layer of cartilage within joints. The other major form of arthritis, rheumatoid art...
Changing trends in herbal supplement use
...s been suggested may be protective against macular degeneration
(an important cause of blindness in adults), was f...iet to preventing chronic disease, such as macular degeneration
and cancer." "Approximately one quarter of adults in the United States use multivitamins, and this p...
Drug treatment promising for halting Huntington's-related nerve death
...a model that links the mutation in huntingtin with degeneration
of motor neurons," Dr. Bezprozvanny said. "The mod...tive calcium signaling in the cell, and subsequent degeneration
of medium spiny striatal neurons." In the current study, using the medium spiny neurons of mice that...
Macular degeneration patients benefit from self-management training
... for individuals with advanced age-related macular degeneration
(AMD) leads to lasting improvements in mood and fu...use of vision loss in older adults. Caused by the degeneration
of cells and in some forms, blood vessel leakage, in the macula, the area responsible for central vi...
Pegaptanib provides benefit for neovascular age-related macular degeneration
...tive treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration
(AMD), according to a paper in the Dec. 30 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Macugen was approved by the Food and Drug Administration on Dec. 17. AMD is the leading cause of irreversible, severe loss of vision in people 50 years and older...
Surprise mechanism behind light-induced blindness
... low or moderate levels, results in severe retinal degeneration
and visual impairment. The basis for this light-i...ticipated connection between light-induced retinal degeneration
and accompanying blindness. To characterize the mechanism of photoxicity due to constant light, ...
New study in NEJM suggests levodopa may slow progression of Parkinson's disease
...not prove that levodopa slows the underlying nerve degeneration
of Parkinson disease, and a differently designed clinical study will be necessary to address this concept." A follow-up study is already in the planning stages. Drs. Fahn and Shoulson further cautioned, "The high dose required for the best effect pr...
Stem cells of limited use for cardiac muscle repair
..."Many of the diseases that most concern us involve degeneration
of the heart or the brain. The notion of replacing those cells has a lot of appeal. But it does not look like stem cells from bone marrow are going to make that realistic for patients with heart failure any time soon." ...
Long-term obesity linked to loss of brain tissue in women
...diseases in the brain, and is evidence of cerebral degeneration
and neuronal death, Gustafson said. ...
New compounds effective against Alzheimer's disease onset and progression
...including neuroinflammation, neuronal and synaptic degeneration
and amyloid disposition, often called plaques. Inhibition of neuroinflammation correlated with a decreased neuron loss, restoration towards control levels of synaptic dysfunction biomarkers in the hippocampus and diminished amyloid plaque deposition...
Fetal tissue restores lost sight
...th either advanced retinitis pigmentosa or macular degeneration
have had similar transplants. Together, these degenerative diseases are the biggest cause of blindness in rich countries, affecting tens of millions of people. While Bryant's improvement is the most dramatic, four other patients have also had good r...
New insights into hormone therapy highlight when estrogen best aids brain
...therapy at the time of menopause, before cognitive degeneration
becomes apparent, have a lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease than women who never receive any sort of HT," says Brinton. "These results are also remarkably consistent with clinical data indicating that for women who have already experienced ...
Researchers identify brain protein that halts progression of Alzheimer's
... we can start to identify strategies to slow nerve degeneration
in Alzheimer's patients," says Johnson. According to Johnson, this would involve developing drugs that would boost the transthyretin within the brain or methods depositing transthyretin into the brain. "Hopefully this research will inspire a new appr...
Growing epidemic of wet AMD ushers in new era in treatment of the disease
...ent and treat diseases such as age-related macular degeneration
(AMD) has become a high priority in the eye care c...said that a new treatment paradigm for wet macular degeneration
is emerging. This new treatment paradigm is based on the use of drugs which block VEGF (vascular end...
New hope for ALS seen with genetic techniques, growth factors
... can supply normal supporting cells to prevent the degeneration
of motor neurons," says Cleveland. The researchers will next investigate the mechanism of the glia cell attack. The team found clues that the glia no longer keep the environment safe for neurons, and that they may mount a lethal inflammatory respons...
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