Tag: "describe" at medical news

How can doctors best communicate health risks?

...sted. In another article, researchers from Canada describe how decision aids may help by structuring the way risk information is presented, displaying options, and helping patients to clarify their values in healthcare decisions. Bad presentation of medical statistics can lead to patients being misled or mak...

Illustrated internal medicine book features UNC faculty, famous artwork

... important lesson, "that thousands of words cannot describe what one of his plates depicts." In each chapter, the plates are used to enhance the reader's understanding while serving as pictorial outlines of chapter content. In some cases, Netter's illustrations were revised to reflect the newest concepts in t...

Deep brain stimulation offers benefits against Parkinson's

...e Journal of Neurosurgery, Lang and his colleagues describe the first long-term followup of deep brain stimulation on the subthalamic nucleus (one of the deep nuclei in the brain that sits just above the area known as the midbrain). The subthalamic nucleus is part of the group that co-ordinates automatic move...

Immune alarm system can both amplify and silence alerts, scientists find

... term adaptive controller, an engineering term, to describe the synapse," Shaw explains. "It helps to amplify weak signals by concentrating ligands and receptors in the same area of the cells. But at the same time, it prevents strong signals from overpowering the cells -- which in most cases would lead to cel...

Are hepatitis A vaccine boosters unnecessary?

...as' School of Medicine, London, UK) and colleagues describe the outcome of a meeting held last year to review the long-term effectiveness of HAV vaccine in different population groups. Data have shown that after a full primary vaccination course, protective antibody amounts persist beyond 10 years in healthy ...

Salk news: A new view on brain function

...the digital computers of today does not adequately describe the way it functions and makes computations. The brain, according to Sejnowski, has more of the hallmarks of an "energy efficient hybrid device." "These hybrids offer the ability of analog devices to perform arithmetic functions such as division dir...

New study of obesity, genes and socio-economic status uses individual growth curves

...approach known as growth curve modeling is used to describe the development of body fat measures of each individual, and examine how the growth curves differ by race, sex, socio-economic status, and genetic make-up.. This research lab is one of a handful worldwide to use such a technique to analyze obesity a...

Study: Racial, ethnic disparities seen in all types of pain

...dition to these clinical pain studies, the authors describe the racial and ethnic differences in pain sensitivity and pain response that have been found in numerous experiments. For instance, scientists using pressure, heat or cold to induce pain have found that African-Americans and Hispanics tend to have lo...

Rejection really hurts, UCLA psychologists find

... the English language we use physical metaphors to describe social pain like 'a broken heart' and 'hurt feelings,'" said Naomi I. Eisenberger, a UCLA Ph.D. candidate in social psychology and the study's lead author. "Now we see that there is good reason for this." Eisenberger and Lieberman used functional mag...

President names eight elite scientists and engineers to receive National Medals of Science

...ader in string theory, an attempt by physicists to describe the forces of nature in a unified way. "The ideas and breakthroughs in fundamental science and engineering by these extraordinary pioneers have influenced thousands of other researchers," National Science Foundation director Rita Colwell sa...

Mayo Clinic researchers discover how key cancer protein works

... Minn. -- Mayo Clinic researchers are the first to describe what goes wrong during the growth cycle of certain cells that can lead to inherited forms of breast cancer. Knowing the nature of this biochemical modification is a first step to designing drugs that can correct it to stop cancer. The Mayo Clinic res...

New guidelines on unrelated marrow transplants: A roadmap for physicians

... be HLA typed to a high degree of resolution. To describe the search for HLA compatible donors on the registry, Hurley uses the analogy of searching for a specific individual in a city of 5 million. "First you identify all the people with the same surname, say 'Doe'. That's a very large group but it does ...

Gene therapy establishes a TRAIL to arthritis treatment

...agues from the University of Alabama at Birmingham describe a gene-modified cell therapy utilizing the TRAIL molecule that successfully limits the incidence and severity of arthritis in a mouse model of collagen-induced arthritis and joint inflammation. The regime represents a therapeutic option for systemic ...

First international conference on women and blindness

...h at the University of Melbourne in Australia will describe the impact of low vision on the individual and soc...on women and blindness in the third world. He will describe the results of his studies that suggest that attitudes and beliefs held by men in these societies ar...

UK trial results on value of cannabis for multiple sclerosis patients

...bed by people with MS. When patients were asked to describe how they felt their symptoms, including spasticity, had been affected, the picture was very different. They felt some of the impact of their painful and distressing symptoms had been eased. "We did see a high 'placebo effect' in this trial and it may...

1 in 3 injections given in developing countries is unsafe

...iewed published studies and unpublished reports to describe the frequency and safety of injection practices in 14 regions of the world. They found that up to 75% of injections were given with reused, unsterilised equipment. Reuse was highest in the South East Asia region, the Middle East, and the Western Paci...

COPD's changing face

...c bronchitis. The confusion in the terms we use to describe the disease has created a barrier, making it very difficult for the medical community to reach an understanding of this incredibly common, difficult and expensive disease," said Dr. Buist. "Our confusion extends to defining who has COPD. Depending on...

Scientists map maturation of the human brain

...ety of child psychiatric conditions. Other reports describe the effects of environmental influences that occur during adolescence on later conditions that become apparent in the adult. Studies by Susan Andersen, PhD, of McLean Hospital in Belmont, Mass., and colleagues show that stressful events experienced d...

Rochester chosen to focus on rare neurological diseases

...10 years ago, coined the word "channelopathies" to describe diseases caused by abnormal cell channels or gates that regulate the levels of crucial chemicals such as sodium, calcium, and potassium in our cells. Griggs' center will focus on three channelopathies: periodic paralysis, episodic ataxia, and nondys...

Elements of green tea prevent HIV from binding to human T cells

...dy and the accompanying editorial are the first to describe the inhibitory effect of green tea catechin in the attachment of HIV to human T cells and offer a new perspective for the treatment of the life-threatening disease. Researchers do not suggest the use of green tea to counter HIV infection or as an al...

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(Date:4/14/2014)... treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable ... fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study. ... Hospital and published online April 12 in the ... the first prospective study on nonoperative management of acute ... , Researchers enrolled 77 patients age 7 to 17 ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014, Perth, Australia. Drug discovery company Proteomics International ... of a companion diagnostic (CDx) test with the ... The research team authenticated the panel of biomarkers ... samples. Seven biomarkers were validated at high stringency ... The mass spectrometry data was then cross-validated using ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014) When it comes to the cost and ... Patients get the best care when they are treated ... extensive experience in their current job, according to a ... and Columbia Business School. The study was published in ... Applied Economics . , The review of more ...
(Date:4/13/2014)... STANFORD, Calif. A low-cost empowerment program for ... and sexual harassment of these girls, who live ... and are frequently attacked, a large new study ... Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children,s ... No Worldwide, validated the program,s effectiveness in combating ...
(Date:4/11/2014)... the processes that control brain cell production could pave ... brain-related disorders. , Scientists have gained new understanding of ... how and when nerve and brain cells are formed ... and keeps it healthy. Their findings could help explain ... which is a fundamental characteristic of many diseases including ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Antibiotics alone are a successful treatment for uncomplicated acute appendicitis in kids 2Health News:Antibiotics alone are a successful treatment for uncomplicated acute appendicitis in kids 3Health News:Longer nurse tenure on hospital units leads to higher quality care 2Health News:Empowerment program greatly decreases incidence of rape, Stanford/Packard-led study finds 2Health News:Empowerment program greatly decreases incidence of rape, Stanford/Packard-led study finds 3Health News:Empowerment program greatly decreases incidence of rape, Stanford/Packard-led study finds 4
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