Tag: "detection" at medical news
Prostate cancer incidence trends reveal extent of screening-related overdiagnosis
...(PSA) testing, may represent overdiagnosis, or the detection
of cancers that otherwise would not have been detected within the patient's lifetime. These findings appear in the July 3 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. "This information is of great importance because considerable morbidity...
New screening methods for Down's syndrome questioned
...that serum and nuchal screening improves antenatal detection
rates or reduces rates of invasive procedure, such... universal serum screening from 2004 - to increase detection
rates and reduce the need for invasive procedures such as amniocentesis - will not achieve its state...
Simple method to diagnose the abdominal compartment syndrome following trauma
...t pressure that is observed using this method, and detection
of an upward trend in pressure can quickly and efficiently guide timely further intervention."...
Hormone therapy study stopped due to increased breast cancer risk, lack of overall benefit
...st cancer screening to allow the earliest possible detection
of breast cancer," said Leslie Ford, M.D., associate director for clinical research in NCI's Division of Cancer Prevention. "The reduction in colorectal cancer risk in the WHI is intriguing, but the balance of harm versus benefit does not justify an...
Misclassification of cause of death in cancer patients
...ncers, such as breast and prostate, in which early detection
has increased substantially. If all deaths within 1 month of cancer-directed surgery were attributed to cancer, cancer mortality would rise by about 1% over current estimates in national trends, they authors say. They note that the proportion of dea...
Panel calls for greater attention to cancer patients' pain, depression, and fatigue
... Washington in Seattle. Despite advances in early detection
and effective treatment, cancer remains one of the most feared diseases, not only because of its association with death but with diminished quality of life. While research is producing new insights into the causes and cures of cancer, efforts to man...
Developer of anthrax quick test finds similar test for strep throat
...particular gene sequence. It is widely used in the detection
of HIV. He believes the LightCycler instrument for polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays is the optimum diagnostic equipment to detect streptococcus group A bacterium, and is also suggested for anthrax detection. In comparing the Group A S...
Know your risk for hepatitis C virus
...wed to hybridize to RNA in the sample, with visual detection
of hybrids by an enzyme reaction. The pattern of b...arison to libraries of known HCV genotypes, allows detection
of infection by more than one strain of the virus. Treating Chronic HCV Infection: Cutting Treatme...
Market potential exists for superconductivity in medical, energy, transportation sectors
...c signals from the human body, aiding in the early detection
of disease and allowing for detailed diagnostic imaging. Transportation Magnetic levitation, or maglev trains that float above strong superconducting magnets could travel at more than 300 miles per hour. Communications Superconductors could impr...
New device finds silent clots, may help prevent strokes
...ted material on the valve, they say. "We hope the detection
of blood clots in these patients will help us identify those most at risk of stroke," Russell says. In patients with narrowed carotid arteries, clots can arise at the site of narrowing and break free and travel through the blood stream to the brain...
Study highlights need for UK childhood screening for amblyopia
...rve to emphasise an important potential benefit of detection
and treatment of children with amblyopia, which ha...tress that children should remain the priority for detection
and treatment of amblyopia....
UCLA Jonsson Cancer Center researchers study ways to prevent tobacco-related bladder cancer
... disciplines for development of better prevention, detection
and treatment methods for bladder cancer. The bladder cancer-prevention program rounds out the Jonsson Cancer Center's effort to better prevent and treat smoking-related cancers. UCLA researchers also are studying ways to prevent lung cancer. The pop...
Researchers develop 'fingerprinting' for biological agents
...invented a technique for creating thousands of DNA detection
probes made of gold nanoparticles with individual ...e presence of different biological agents. The new detection
method, for instance, can easily distinguish smallpox's distinct "fingerprint" from that of HIV. "B...
Breast cancer deaths not reduced by mammography, says University of Toronto study
...hy was done on dedicated mammography units. Cancer detection
was higher with mammography than in the group screened by physical examination alone - 87 versus 58 cases at the first screening exam. After 13 years of follow-up, 592 women in the mammogram group were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer compared t...
Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, September 3, 2002
...nts. Internists are specialists in the prevention, detection
and treatment of illnesses that primarily affect adults....
Radiologists interpretation of mammograms varies widely
...orth America of malpractice litigation for delayed detection
of breast cancer," the authors explain. The variability in false-positive rates could also be accounted for by the radiologist's age, gender, and number of years since graduating from medical school, the authors found. Younger, more recently trained...
Lombardi Cancer Center to enroll current and former smokers in nationwide clinical trial
...o scientific evidence to date has shown that early detection
of lung cancer, or screening by either method, actually saves lives. Moreover, screening may detect abnormalities that lead to unnecessary diagnostic tests and procedures to remove noncancerous lesions. The trial is a randomized, controlled study--th...
National Lung Screening Trial
...evidence to date has shown that screening or early detection
of lung cancer with either spiral CT or chest X-rays actually saves lives. In addition to the lung cancer screenings, some NLST centers will collect blood, urine, and sputum. These samples will be used for future research to test for biomarkers tha...
Lung cancer screening trial compares CT and standard x-ray
...p to determine the long-term benefits of these two detection
methods. For years, cigarette smoking has been c...ne would assume that smaller tumors and more rapid detection
would result in a better chance of survival. But smaller cancers are not necessarily "early" cancer...
New data may alter frequency and surgical procedure
...RT-PCR amplifies the signal from the tumor so that detection
of metastatic cells is much more sensitive than with H&E, the standard pathology test. Additionally, in this study, tissue for RT-PCR was sampled throughout the sentinel node. Pathologists usually are able to examine only a few central sections of ...
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