Tag: "diseases" at medical news
Rat whisking may provide insight into debilitating eye disorder
...e that shows the growing trend to fund research on diseases
at the expense of basic science may be unwise and counterproductive. "We need to understand how a system works when it is normal in order to understand what goes wrong when it is broken," he said....
Nanoscale diagnostic sets sights on Alzheimer's
...uld eventually be configured to detect hundreds of diseases
simultaneously with a single procedure, doctors c...ating diseases. This is particularly important for diseases
like Alzheimer's where a reliable diagnostic tool is lacking and early intervention could have a sig...
Drinking alcohol increases risk for cancer
...sociated with alcohol drinking. Further death from diseases
including cirrhosis, chronic pancreatitis, hyperte... heavy alcohol drinking was strongly linked to the diseases
noted. The risks are shown to increase with the amount of alcohol consumed yet the overall evidence...
Wisconsin scientists grow critical nerve cells
... pave the way for novel treatments of degenerative diseases
such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease. With healthy cells grown in the lab, scientists could, in theory, replace dying motor neurons to restore function and alleviate the symptoms of disease or injury. Much ...
Researchers discover genetic variant that may explain why women develop M.S. more than men
...esearch group considers MS to belong to a group of diseases
known as autoimmune diseases, in which the body erroneously attacks its healthy cells as if they were disease-causing foreign invaders. With MS, the body attacks tissues of the brain and spinal cord, creating scars that impair nerve signal transmissi...
Passive smoking in childhood may increase risk of lung cancer in later life
... smokers faced up to twice the risk of respiratory diseases
from passive smoke than those who'd never smoked. This may be because their lungs are already damaged, making them more at risk to the effects of environmental tobacco smoke, say the researchers. This study significantly reinforces previous research...
Mayo Clinic researchers identify new form of muscular dystrophy in adults
...own form of muscular dystrophy, a group of genetic diseases
characterized by progressive weakness and muscle d...ular dystrophy is a group of rare inherited muscle diseases
in which muscle fibers are unusually susceptible to damage. The different forms of the disease are d...
National Academies News: William H. Foege to receive Public Welfare Medal, Academy's highest honor
...s mission to include injury, violence, and chronic diseases
in addition to infectious diseases. Under his leadership, CDC first addressed the emerging problem of HIV/AIDS, implemented a childhood vaccination initiative that resulted in unprecedented immunization levels in school-aged children, and discovered...
Whole-body CT screening costs overshadow benefits
...e-body CT as a screening tool for cancer and other diseases
is the focus of an ongoing debate. Proponents of whole-body CT emphasize the potential benefit of early detection of disease, but others caution that the costs, false-positive findings and unnecessary radiation might render the procedure more harmful...
Obesity may affect accuracy of prostate screening
... issue in the U.S., and is associated with chronic diseases
such as diabetes. A landmark American Cancer Society study in April 2003 added prostate cancer to the list of cancers linked to an unhealthy body weight, with men at the highest BMI at 34 percent higher risk. Studies also show obesity is associated w...
Baked or broiled fish may help reduce the risk of stroke
...one of the JAMA/Archives journals. "Cardiovascular diseases
are the leading cause of death and disability in the elderly, who are the fastest-growing segment of the population," according to background information in the article. Results from studies of fish consumption and stroke risk are inconsistent, and n...
Researchers map the sexual network of an entire high school
...olicies to stop the spread of sexually transmitted diseases
among adolescents, he said. The study was conducted by Peter Bearman of Columbia University, Moody, and Katherine Stovel of the University of Washington. The results were published in a recent issue of the American Journal of Sociology. The researche...
JCI table of contents, January 20 2005
...ated from patients with other autoimmune rheumatic diseases
did not have this effect. The authors found that t... as edema, occurs in asthma and other inflammatory diseases
when fluid drainage through lymphatic vessels is overwhelmed by the amount of plasma leaking from bl...
Many of George Bush's health policies likely to be controversial
... rates among young people from some common chronic diseases
three or four times higher than in European countries. The reforms that are being proposed contain some potentially good ideas, such as reform of the law on malpractice claims and expansion of community health centres, but others are seriously misgui...
Genes in the interferon system important in SLE
...behind the disease SLE, and maybe other autoimmune diseases
at the molecular level," says Professor Lars Rnnblom. "It is remarkable that by studying only eleven of the some 200 genes that are seen as belonging to the interferon system, we were able to identify two genes with such clear connection to SLE," say...
Most adverse events in hospitalized children are preventable
... injuries caused by medical management rather than diseases
that result in either prolonged hospitalization or disability at discharge, according to the study, which appears in the January issue of the journal Pediatrics. Donna Woods, a post-doctoral fellow in the Institute for Health Services Research and P...
Newly discovered virus linked to childhood lung disorders and Kawasaki disease
...virus may account for some of the many respiratory diseases
for which a causative agent is unidentified, and may have a role in Kawasaki disease, the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. In the first of two studies, Jeffrey S. Kahn and co-workers at Yale University u...
Future of clinical medicine research is at risk, warns professor
...led to major advances in our ability to treat many diseases
have relied upon the skills of both basic scientis...clinicians." Professor Greening, an expert in lung diseases
such as asthma and cystic fibrosis, will illustrate the importance of clinical science from the pers...
A site for sore eyes: New target for allergies found under the eyelid
... will pave the way for new treatments for allergic diseases
such as asthma, eczema and hay fever. In a study published today in the online edition of the Journal of Clinical Investigation , Professor Santa Jeremy Ono and colleagues from UCL's Institute of Ophthalmology and Moorfields Eye Hospital found that ...
How to avoid the health risks of Hajj
..., to deflect the sun away. "The risk of infectious diseases
is also important," says Professor Sheikh of the U...from Hajj, doctors should be vigilant for signs of diseases
such as meningitis, tuberculosis, malaria, and hepatitis, they conclude....
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