Tag: "disparity" at medical news

Use Of Surfectant Therapy Widens Gap In Death Rate Of Black And White Newborns

...fective,did not have the anticipated effect on the disparity in the black and whitenewborn death rates once it became widely used in clinical practice," saidAaron Hamvas, M.D., lead author of the study and assistant professor ofpediatrics. Surfactant therapy is given to premature infants with respiratorydistre...

Researchers Begin Drug Trial In Hope Of Finding New Ways To Treat Acute Kidney Failure

...arch involving the drug alpha-MSH could reduce the disparity of organallocation in this country that results in unnecessary deaths. "We have foundthat alpha-MSH treatment significantly reduced renal damage and inhibited thedisease at a number of different steps even in transplanted kidneys," Star said. ...

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Physicians Perform First Known Pediatric Laser Surgery For Farsightedness

...iopter difference," said Dr. Salz,referring to the disparity between the clear lens and the thick one. "In fact,most adults can't do it. If you put glasses like that on an adult, they'd feellike they were on a boat." Dr. Salz served as principal investigator at Cedars-Sinai for the multi-centerstudy of laser ...

Sex Differences Found In Proportions Of Gray And White Matter In The Brain: Links To Differences In Cognitive Performance Seen

... to get an explanation for thelack of intelligence disparity between men and women," says Ruben C. Gur, Ph.D.,professor of psychology in psychiatry and lead author on the new study, whichwill appear in the May 15 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience. "Women have ahigher percentage of tissue devoted to computat...

Early stroke treatment with t-PA has long-lasting benefit, according to NEJM report

...bralhemorrhage," the group says. "Reasons for the disparity between the results of these studiesand ours may include differences in the time from the onset of symptoms to theinitiation of treatment (0 to 3 hours in our study as compared with 0 to 4 or 6hours in other trials), the choice and dose of thrombolyt...

Federal agencies report on nation's children

... inschool. There has been a growing income disparity reflecting a higher proportionof children in extreme poverty as well as in high-income families. Since 1980,the percentage of children living in families with medium income has fallen from41 percent to 34 percent in 1997, while the percentage of chi...

Elderly should receive the same cancer care as young people

... staff. The team conclude that we cannot blame the disparity of treatment of cancer between old and young on older people being frail or suffering from additional conditions. They say that we must now ascertain which investigations and treatments are effective and acceptable to older people and, in particular...

Racial disparity in lung cancer treatment must be overcome, UCSF specialists assert

...ainst blacks. The co-authors note that some of the disparity in lung cancer survival amongblacks and among whites can be explained through smoking prevalence, how thebody metabolizes and excretes carcinogenic and mutagenic agents in tobaccosmoke, socioeconomic status, and access to health care. But these fact...

Meharry-Vanderbilt partnership aims to address racial disparity in cancer outcomes

...The key is to better understand precisely why this disparity exists. We have ideas and can make intelligent guesses, but we need to do the rigorous scientific studies to answer those questions. Through this partnership, we will be better positioned to find those answers together than either institution could b...

Black breast cancer patients given appropriate treatment do as well as whites, finds University of Pittsburgh researcher

...ate follow-up therapy could appreciably reduce the disparity in outcome between black and white breast cancer patients," said Dr. Dignam. "Also, it is imperative that established therapies be uniformly delivered to all patients in accordance with their anticipated clinical prognosis." When patients of the s...

Annals of Internal Medicine, Tip Sheet, June 19, 2001

...e study's authors were not able to explain why the disparity exists between making an assessment of survival time and giving the patient this estimate, but they point out that other studies show doctors' survival predictions are wrong about 20 percent of the time. An editorial points out that the doctors in th...

Lung cancer surgery patients have better outcomes at high volume hospitals

...mperative to identify the possible reasons for the disparity and address it. Researchers looked at a population based sample of 2118 patients aged 65 years old or older, who lived in one of 10 study areas covered in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program and who had been diagnosed with ...

Therapy to help women reduce their concerns about gaining weight found to be effective in helping them to stop smoking

...be harder for women than for men, and part of this disparity is attributable to womens greater fear of gaining a lot of weight if they quit, says NIDA Director Dr. Alan I. Leshner. It would be an important clinical advance if we find a way to successfully address those concerns, making it easier for more wome...

Dentists deliver preventive messages to finance committee

... in education or research. There is an increasing disparity between the income of private practice dentists, and those who choose academic careers. The US brain drain exacerbates these problems by wooing away quality Canadian educators and researchers, while at the same time, offering to pay off high debt lo...

People with chronic health problems are heaviest users of medical care, but system not organized to meet their needs

...o the poorest people. According to the study, this disparity can severely limit the treatment options available to physicians and create large out-of-pocket expenses for patients. Dr. Anderson also says changes are needed in the clinical culture and in medical school curriculums to make coordination of care mo...

Maya children in U.S. more likely to be overweight and obese than whites or blacks

... 20.2. The BMI figures actually may understate the disparity between Maya in Guatemala and those in the United States, Bogin says, because the Maya in Guatemala have very short legs in proportion to total stature. This body shape may distort BMI values and overestimate fatness among that population, he said. ...

African-American heart patients

...ile the researchers cannot explain why this racial disparity exists, they emphasize that theirfindings should open up a new area for aggressive research activity. Although we knew there are racial disparities in care, we did not know how these differencesaffected patients symptoms and functional status, sa...

Low socioeconomic status may influence quality of breast cancer treatment

...Cancer Institute, Emory University, notes that the disparity in breast cancer mortality rates between black and...he past 20 years. Finding the true reasons for the disparity is important if we are to effectively reduce it, he says. Brawley points out that the new study hel...

Survey identifies drugs most likely to be found in the environment

...rinking water and sewage treatment account for the disparity between the studies, according to Venkatraman. As an example, she noted: Many U.S. cities employ sewage treatment thats more rudimentary than what youd see in most European cities. Ozone, which is more reactive than chlorine, is widely used as a disi...

Researchers uncover brain patterns that differentiate humans from chimpanzees

...mate cousins is most evident in their brains. The disparity appears to be the result of evolutionary differences in gene and protein expression, the manner in which coded information in genes is activated in the brain, then converted into proteins that carry out many cellular functions. The brain differe...

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