Tag: "enhances" at medical news

OHSU scientists test medication to treat involuntary weight loss

... class, have excellent oral absorption, which also enhances their appeal as drug candidates. In this research, the scientists gave both normal mice and mice with a cachexia-like syndrome Neurocrine's orally-administered medication that blocks the MC4 receptor in the brain. In both cases, the animals' appetit...

TB Alliance announces new drug discovery program with GlaxoSmithKline

...nt of tuberculosis (TB). The program significantly enhances the TB drug pipeline by adding several novel classes of compounds that use new mechanisms of action. Briefings from the TB Alliance on status of TB drug pipeline and discussion with GlaxoSmithKline, patient and public health groups. A Q&A session fo...

Emotional memory study reveals evidence for a self-reinforcing loop

... triggers the memory center, which in turn further enhances activity in the emotional center. The researchers ... and hippocampus could go either way. The emotion enhances recollection, but at the same time by recollecting those events, you would also remember the emotion...

New trials for counseling caregivers and patients with Alzheimer's begin

...e and how to relate to their parents in a way that enhances their experience, and makes the most of their parent's remaining strengths. A third trial will provide couples counseling for people with early-stage Alzheimer's and their spouses. The disease can have devastating impact on the relationship between ...

Chemists synthesize molecule that helps body battle cancers, malaria

...s Web site. An extremely powerful adjuvant, QS-21A enhances the potency of antigens introduced in the body to elicit an immune response, allowing for lower vaccine doses with greater effectiveness. The molecule could therefore save patients money on expensive drugs and stretch limited supplies of antigens and...

Older doctors less likely to follow current standards of care

...e it is generally assumed that clinical experience enhances knowledge and skill and therefore leads to better patient care," says lead author Niteesh Choudhry, HMS instructor in medicine. Choudhry performed the research as a pharmaceutical policy research fellow at the Department of Ambulatory Care and Preven...

NYU psychology researchers show how attention enhances visual perception

... location in the brain where involuntary attention enhances visual processing. The researchers, from NYU's Dep...ation without directing our eyes to that location, enhances performance in visual tasks as well as the neural activity underlying the processing of ensuing imag...

Sex hormone metabolite reduces stress, anxiety in female rats

...ious studies have determined that allopregnanolone enhances the activity of GABA, the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, at its receptors throughout the brain. This mechanism, Toufexis said, likely accounts for progesterone's blunting effect on the brain's stress system. Findings ...

UCLA brain scientists crack mystery of how alcohol causes intoxication

...responsive to very low levels of alcohol. Alcohol enhances the GABA receptors' influence on brain cells, slowing the cells' activity and ability to communicate. IMPACT: The fact that the gene mutation arises naturally suggests that tolerance levels to alcohol may be genetically wired in people, too. If so...

Reviparin effective in reducing risk of death after heart attack

...nge of ACS, including non-ST elevation ACS, CREATE enhances the case for its preference over UFH."(JAMA. 2005;293:489-490. Available post-embargo at JAMA.com ) Editor's Note: Dr. Califf has received research contracts through Duke University from Sanofi and Aventis, makers of low-molecular-weight heparin....

Hearing aid signal not clear? Then switch frequency to FM, finds UCI study

...ell where background noise is present. In turn, FM enhances speech, tone and speaker recognition when other noise was present, and overall provided a better quality of tonal sound than AM does. Current cochlear implants extract only AM information, limiting significantly their performance under realistic list...

Molecule predicts colon cancer patient survival

... the protein integrin known as v6 and this protein enhances the tumor-generating properties of these cells. Furthermore, analysis of almost 500 human colorectal carcinoma samples revealed that elevated levels of v6 expression were associated with a significantly reduced survival time of patients in comparison...

JCI table of contents, January 20 2005

...integrin known as [alpha]v[beta]6 and this protein enhances the tumor-generating properties of these cells. Furthermore, analysis of almost 500 human colorectal carcinoma samples revealed that elevated levels of [alpha]v[beta]6 expression were associated with a significantly reduced survival time of patients ...

Day-long drivers at risk of cardiovascular problems as a result of traffic pollution

... in cars driving at varying speeds in road traffic enhances the likelihood of thrombosis, inflammation and alters the regularity of the heart rhythm. A study published today in the journal Particle and Fibre Toxicology raises concerns about cardiovascular risks for vehicle drivers. Michael Riediker, from T...

Marine snail study gives insights into human brain

...ing and memory. A protein called the NMDA receptor enhances the strength of synaptic connections in the nervous system, and plays a vital role in memory and in certain kinds of learning in the mammalian brain as well. Glanzman's team demonstrated, in research published in 1994, that strengthening of synaptic ...

Ultrasound-aided therapy better than stroke drug alone, trial finds

...onstrated this benefit in patients. This approach enhances flow to the brain and augments clinical recovery within minutes of treatment initiation," said Dr. Alexandrov. "Stroke can be devastating for patients and their caregivers," said Story C. Landis, Ph.D., NINDS director. "These initial findings sugges...

Reduced risk of institutionalisation in patients with dementia

... other Alzheimer's disease treatments, galantamine enhances levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (a chemical 'messenger' responsible for sending signals between nerve cells in the brain), which is typically deficient in Alzheimer's disease. However, unlike other treatments, galantamine also has a uni...

Brookhaven Lab and BioSET develop a synthetic peptide that enhances the effect of BMP-2

.... (BioSET) have developed a synthetic peptide that enhances the effects of a tissue growth factor known as bone morphogenetic protein 2, or BMP-2. BMPs are a family of proteins in the human body responsible for the proliferation, repair, and differentiation of cells in many tissues, including bone. The rese...

Air pollution may cause and speed up artery disease

...arly stage of the disease, similar to smoking, and enhances atherosclerosis, which is the underlying disease process of cardiovascular diseases," said study author Nino Kuenzli, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor, division of environmental health, Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California...

Drug combination shows promise in treating hepatitis C

...mmune system. Combining these drugs with ribavirin enhances their efficacy and is the standard treatment for hepatitis C. "It looks as though Pegasys is more potent during the early phase of treatment, which is critical for patients with chronic hepatitis C," said Adrian M. Di Bisceglie, M.D., professor of i...

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