Tag: "excision" at medical news

Sharing clinical trial results with participants may be beneficial

...ts to 135 participants in a cancer trial of breast excision alone for women with ductal carcinoma in situ. The study was stopped early because of a high rate of local recurrence. 85 (90%) of the 94 participants who responded chose to receive results; these women were more educated than those who chose not to...

New radiotherapy regime benefits young women with breast cancer

...ears). 5318 patients with microscopically complete excision of early breast cancer using breast-conserving surgery were randomly assigned to undergo 50Gy irradiation of the whole breast either with or without an additional 16Gy of radiotherapy to the tumour bed (radiotherapy boost). 362 local recurrences were...

Promise of stem cells amplified

...se they can evade even the most extensive surgical excision and therapies. Neural stem cells are uniquely poised to treat tumors because the cells are attracted to areas of abnormality." The researchers used genetic engineering to turn the cells into delivery vehicles for therapeutic agents. They inserted th...

Interventional procedures significantly improve quality of life for obese patients

...aginal hysterectomy (VH, n=111) and vertebral disc excision (VDE, n=348), but had no effect on the costs of knee or hip replacement surgery or prostatectomy. For AH, each unit increase in BMI was associated with a $58.00 increase in costs during the hospital stay. For patients undergoing VDE, total costs we...

If core breast biopsy shows minimal abnormal cells, surgical excision is still necessary

...k compared the core biopsy results to the surgical excision results of 24 women. The women in the study had un... it is standard to have a woman undergo a surgical excision if there are atypical cells. The study was done to determine if these women need to have a surgical...

New study reveals big disparity between countries in breast conservation rates

...ts underwent mastectomy, nearly 40% had wide local excision of their tumour and 10% had some other form of breast conserving surgery. The mastectomy rate was highest in central and eastern Europe at 77%. The USA had the second highest rate of mastectomy with 56%, western and northern Europe averaged 46%, sout...

Surgery without radiation inadequate for DCIS, study reveals

...evious study had indicated that women who had wide excision of their DCIS and skipped radiation therapy had no higher risk of a recurrence DCIS than those who received it. "This was a good hypothesis, but it certainly didn't work out in our study," said Jay Harris, M.D., chief of radiation oncology at Dana-F...

Age-related outcomes, immune response in patients with brain tumors linked to thymic cells

...he number of cells harboring CD8+ "T cell receptor excision circles" or TRECs, scientists can establish the number of CD8+ T lymphocytes that have recently emerged from the thymus. The researchers used TREC analysis to quantify CD4+ and CD8+ recent-thymic emigrant T cells in 44 patients with GBM, the most agg...

20% of mammogram-detected cancers are in situ lesions of unknown aggressiveness

...to high. It is almost always treated with surgical excision of the tumor, whether by lumpectomy alone, lumpectomy followed by radiation or by mastectomy. The authors noted that some women likely benefit from having DCIS detected and treated while others may not, depending on whether the disease is likely to p...

UCSF orthopedic surgeons test artificial back disc

...pinal fusion, current treatments also include disc excision (discectomy) and the use of injections, electrothermal therapies, and implanted neural stimulators and medication dispensers. In addition to artificial disc replacement, researchers in the spinal disorders division at UCSF Medical Center are also in...

Laparoscopy for colon cancer could offer long-term survival benefit over conventional surgery

...otherapy, and introduction of the total mesorectal excision technique in rectal cancer have increased survival, especially in patients with advanced (stage III) tumours. Although early reports on laparoscopy-assisted colectomy (LAC) in patients with colon cancer suggest that it can reduce complications around...

Doctors investigating one stop shop radiotherapy at time of surgery

...hat traditional breast conserving surgery involved excision of the tumour followed by external beam radiotherapy of the whole breast. This can involve 20 to 25 separate visits to the radiotherapy department. It was usual now to give an extra boost to the site of the tumour either by external beam over 4 to 6 ...

Large-volume medical centers produce best clinical and economic results for complex gastrointestinal surgery

...rage totalhospital charges for patients undergoing excision of the esophagus, totalgastrectomy (removal of the stomach), total abdominal colectomy (removal of thecolon), hepatic lobectomy (removal of a liver lobe), biliary tract anastomosis(reconnecting parts of the bile transport system, or radicalpancreatic...

Margin Width The Key To Control Of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Of The Breast

...imeters or more. "Wide margin width makes complete excision more likely," says Silverstein."Since DCIS is a no...t & Bowel Project (NSABP),which strongly advocates excision plus radiation therapy for all patients withDCIS who elect to preserve their breast. This is a recom...

Thymus May Hold Clue To Rebuilding Immune System After HIV

...y thethymus." Using a marker for TCR-rearrangement excision circles, which are pieces of DNAproduced during normal T-cell development in the thymus, the scientists wereable to estimate the number of new T-cells produced by the thymus. The number ofthese cells in the blood indicates the level at which the thym...

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