Tag: "factor" at medical news
Optimism associated with lowered risk of dying from heart disease
...g to the article, major depression is a known risk factor
for cardiovascular death. However, the relationship between optimism and death has not received as much attention. Erik J. Giltay, M.D., Ph.D., of Psychiatric Center GGZ Delfland, Delft, the Netherlands, and colleagues analyzed data from the Arnhem ...
Socio-economic factors sway African-Americans
...on rates are reduced considerably when comparisons factor
in gender, educational levels, age, marital status and geographic region, says Dr. Gary King, associate professor of biobehavioral health in the College of Health and Human Development. "Disparities in quitting rates between the two groups are stron...
Some antibiotic resistance threat in hospitals could yield to hand washing
...und that antibiotic treatment alone was not a risk factor
for acquiring this organism. Prior Antibiotic (ABX) Exposure Is Not Associated with Methicillin-Resistant Staphlococcus aureus (MRSA). Xiaoyan Song, Sara Cosgrove, Trish Perl...
Scientists identify key mechanism in estrogen's role in preventing bone loss
...gnaling molecule called type b transforming growth factor
(TGFb) is responsible for a cascade of events that...e known to produce a protein called tumor necrosis factor
(TNF), which increases the formation of osteoclasts in rodents and humans. Osteoclasts are cells th...
Cognitive behavioral therapy combined with antidepressant effective in treating adolescent OCD
...n which the therapists provide CBT is an important factor
in determining the effectiveness of the treatment." Of the Penn patients, 64 percent of participants in both the CBT alone and combination group showed little or no symptoms by the end of treatment. "These findings suggest we must determine which tr...
Location of body fat important in predicting heart attack risk
...earch revealed that intra-abdominal fat was a risk factor
even if women did not have any other risk factors ... the start of the study," said Nicklas. "This risk factor
was independent of total amount of body fat, diabetes, blood pressure and blood lipid levels." One ...
Physical inactivity costs millions in health care expenses
...tes could have been much higher if obesity, a risk factor
for the diseases included in the study, had been included in the analysis, the researchers note. The study also reported that a quarter of Minnesotans age 18 and older engaged in no leisure-time physical activity in 2000. About half (49 percent...
Radiotherapy + cetuximab significantly improve disease control and survival in head and neck cancer
...the majority of these express the epidermal growth factor
receptor (EGFR) that is associated with aggressive tumour growth and poor clinical outcome. Head and neck cancer is normally treated with high dose radiotherapy in combination with surgery. These phase III results were based on data from 424 patients...
Nerve navigation findings prompt new direction for spinal cord research
...e of the developing body secrete a guidance or cue factor
called netrin-1. "If this molecule is deleted, thi...ole in getting cells where they need to be. "This factor
plays a critical role for nearly all the neurons to cross the midline, even in the cortex or hippoca...
Further evidence reveals the association between periodontal disease and coronary artery disease
...ith periodontal diseases are at a significant risk factor
for coronary artery disease (CAD). The study looked at 108 patients with CAD with a mean age of 59.2 +/- 10.9 years and a group of 62 people without CAD with a similar mean age (57.7 +/- 8.7 years). "The results of this study showed that periodont...
Ovarian cancer rates across Europe
...ates reported in the study. But the most important factor
for declining cancer rates in some countries is most likely the spread of oral contraceptive use in younger women, which has taken place earlier and to a larger extent in northern Europe, the authors note. In addition, lower parity in some European c...
Studies examine risk factors and potential consequences associated with prehypertension
... times more likely to have at least one other risk factor
than patients who were normotensive. "The greater ...istical model relating coronary heart disease risk factor
levels to rates of hospitalization, nursing home confinement, and death in U.S. adults aged 25 to 74...
Obese patients have higher health care costs than nonobese patients
...ex (BMI) of 30 or greater. Obesity is a major risk factor
for hypertension, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes mellitus, heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, musculoskeletal disorders, and certain cancers. In 1995, the total costs of obesity were estimated to be over $99 billion. Marsha A. Raebel, P...
UGA professor receives $3 million grant from National Cancer Institute for breast cancer research
...ng cancer so prevalent in my life was a motivating factor
in me applying my research in the direction of health communications," said Springston. "My own experience has been a real validation of my research. For me this is professional and personal." The National Cancer Institute has awarded Springston a $3...
UGA researchers receive $1.3 million CDC grant to study workplace physical activity intervention
... evidence that physical inactivity is a major risk factor
for coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity and some cancers, only a third of adults in the United States regularly participate in recommended levels of either moderate or vigorous physical activity. In an effort to increase the physical act...
Interventional methods may increase the use of evidence-based practice
...lly, having an EBP mentor was shown as a potential factor
to increase the use of EBP. This demonstrates the importance for healthcare systems to create mentoring positions in their organizations. In this study, published in a recent issue of Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 160 nurses attending a pro...
New hope for ALS seen with genetic techniques, growth factors
...ilencing mutant genes, and use of a neuron support factor
may represent new ways to treat the fatal brain di...d a third group of scientists found that a support factor
rescues motor neurons and could be of value in treating ALS. Also called Lou Gehrig's disease, ALS ...
Promise of stem cells amplified
...tems. Scientists have used them to deliver GDNF, a factor
to aid in the survival of neurons targeted by Park...opamine neurons require glial-derived neurotrophic factor
(GDNF) to survive. So even if stem cells could be successfully introduced to an adult brain, chances...
High-fat diets hammer memory, more than a waistline worry
...new studies show that diets high in fat are a risk factor
for not only heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes, but for cognitive decline as well." Veerendra Kumar Madala Halagappa, PhD, and Mark Mattson, PhD, of the National Institute on Aging studied how a diet high in fat and sugar affected lear...
Antipsychotic drugs linked to insulin resistance in children
...cted from weight gain alone, suggesting there is a factor
distinct from excess weight that directly induces insulin resistance," says the study's lead author, Mark A. Riddle, M.D., director of the division of child and adolescent psychiatry at the Children's Center. In general, this group of new-generation...
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