Tag: "female" at medical news
About 15 percent of major college athletes may have symptoms of eating disorders, study suggests
... The average weight reported by female
athletes was 142.76 pounds; the average weight for men was 191.56 pounds. Women on average wanted to lose 7 pounds, while men, on average wanted to gain 2 pounds. "Male ...
Heart, heart-lung and lung transplant recipients can have successful pregnancies
...centers nationwide on the pregnancy outcomes of 42 female
organ recipients, including 27 heart, 3 heart-lung and 12 lung transplants. There were 64 pregnancies and 43 births. Though there were no newborn deaths, Dr. Armenti notes that two children inherited a heart problem - mitochondrial cardiomyopathy - ...
Drug protects fertility, offspring in mice after radiation exposure
... have discovered a drug that prevents sterility in female
mice after exposure to ionizing radiation. Additio...th of oocytes, or immature eggs, in the ovaries of female
mice exposed to radiation, leaving more oocytes intact for reproduction. The research was published ...
Study suggests a possible link between high-starch diet and pancreatic cancer
...Women's Hospital that tracks health information on female
nurses across the country. The researchers reviewed the dietary records of nearly 89,000 nurses to measure their intake of sucrose (the type of sugar in candy), fructose (the sugar in fruit juices and honey) and carbohydrates. The researchers also ca...
Peer pressure matters in young adults smoking decisions
...tine & Tobacco Research, followed 278 male and 433 female
smokers for five years starting in their senior ye...ing if there were any differences between male and female
participants in these predictors, given that gender can play a role in ability to quit and effective...
More than 70 percent of adults with cancer use alternative therapies
...ly to use such therapies. Cancer patients who were female
and college-educated, for example, were five times more likely to seek an alternative health-care provider and twice as likely to take dietary supplements. Age also influenced use; patients 60 and younger were nearly twice as apt to avail themselves ...
Study shows oral contraceptive use by young women does not contribute to weight gain
...y begun in 1990 with the enrollment of 112 healthy female
adolescents who are representative of Caucasian females attending public schools in Pennsylvania. The Penn State researchers continue to follow the natural progression of cardiovascular, reproductive and bone health in these women. The oral contrac...
Study results show higher mortality rates in female children who undergo cardiac surgery
...ifically examined the differences between male and female
infants and children undergoing heart surgery. My...colleagues and I were quite surprised to find that female
children had 51% higher mortality than males. Although we had learned from studies in adults that w...
Breast cancer gene may be associated with additional cancers
...r, pancreatic, uterine, and cervical cancers among female
BRCA1 mutation carriers, compared with the general population. In male BRCA1 mutation carriers, there was a slightly elevated risk of prostate cancer. However, this increase was seen only in men younger than age 65. In the second study, Marcia S. Br...
Lowering cancer risk in postmenopausal women
...eight status may have influenced this outcome. The female
study population were rural residents of Iowa and were 99% white. A total of 34,708 postmenopausal women completed a series of questionnaires on diet and lifestyle factors and were followed for cancer incidence and mortality. During a 13-year perio...
Spermicide gel could increase risk of HIV-1 infection
...eagues did a randomised trial among HIV-1-negative female
sex workers in South Africa, Cte d'Ivoire, Benin, and Thailand. Data from 765 women were included in the primary analysis. Around a third of women used the spermicide gel an average of three and a half times a day, which was associated with a doubl...
Job satisfaction among senior doctors generally high
... changed. In 1974 only a quarter of graduates were female
and women were less likely than men to become cons.... The majority of medical school entrants are now female
and in the future many more senior posts will be filled by women. The study concludes that senior do...
Study estimates cost-effectiveness of cervical cancer screening strategies
...screening program with immediate treatment for the female
population aged 33 to 55 years every 5 years would be $0.79 per woman, or $4.7 million annually. Such a screening program would increase Thailand's overall national per capita health expenditure by less than 0.1%, the researchers write. HPV testing ...
Study finds no evidence that teaching breast self-examination saves lives
...ttle, and his colleagues randomly assigned 266,064 female
factory workers in Shanghai to either a BSE instruction group or a control group. Women in the BSE group were taught how to perform BSE and participated in reinforcement sessions 1 and 3 years later. The women also received regular reminders to pract...
California teachers at higher risk for breast, endometrial and other cancers
...ncer Causes and Control. A study of nearly 133,500 female
teachers in California begun in 1995 shows that th...rming given the large number of active and retired female
teachers residing in California." Investigators believe teachers tend to share certain lifestyle and...
Visual inspection: A low-tech tool for reducing cervical cancer rates
...m with immediate treatment for the entire Thailand female
population would only cost 79 cents per woman, or $4.7 million annually." Thailand was chosen for study because it has relatively high rates of cervical cancer death, a largely rural population, low national HIV prevalence and minimal lab resources ...
The Lancet Oncology press release
...ON STRATEGIES Breast cancer is a leading cause of female
illness and death worldwide. Many hormonal and genetic risk factors have been identified and have led to the development of mathematical models that can be used in the clinic to give a woman an estimate of her individual risk of developing breast can...
Blocking enzyme found to ease anxiety without causing sedation
...that knocking out PKC epsilon reduces fertility of female
mice by weakening their immune function. But a drug designed to inhibit PKC epsilon might well avoid this side effect, since it would not knock out all enzyme function, Messing noted. "Although we don't yet know precisely how PKC epsilon normally aff...
Fred Hutchinson oversees two grants of nearly $8 million to develop blood test for breast cancer
...cularly the use of lysophospholipids as markers in female
cancers. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, Calif. - will provide access to patients undergoing breast biopsy for the collection of blood and tissue samples, as well as expertise in extracting genetic material from tissue. Also will develop a...
American Thoracic Society journal news tips for October (first issue)
...ssive cough challenge were significantly lower for female
patientswhen compared with male. Cigarette smoking and the type of cough being treated did not influence the results. The investigators noted that this study of a large group of patients withchronic cough has shown for the first time that women com...
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