Tag: "form" at medical news
Duke Study Suggests New Class Of Drugs Could Bypass Leptin Loop
...iscovered they could applya hormone -- a synthetic form
of noradrenaline -- directly onto the surface of fat cells,essentially bypassing the leptin circuit. Receptors on the fat cell's surface, called B3 adrenergicreceptors, receive the hormone's signal and transmit it inside the cell.The signal initiate...
Digital Speech Analysis Tests Sobriety
...h for a comprehensivestudy, but Cummings said they form
a sufficient database to makegeneralizations. "If you see consistently the same trend between sober andintoxicated speech for four different speakers, that's actually a lot,"she said. Also, Cummings plans to continue her research on the other fives...
Testosterone May Affect Learning Skills; May Be Put In Tablet Form
...ntario, and Jason Brandt, Ph.D., of Hopkins. A new form
of testosterone delivered in a tablet may improve sexual function in men with low testosterone without side effects, a Johns Hopkins study shows. "This is an easy way to administer a drug, and it was found to be safe and effective," says Dobs, the le...
Hopkins Researchers Develop Under-The-Skin Implant For Pain Treatment
... The polymer contains a highly concentrated powder form
of the commonly used narcotic drug hydromorphone. The drug is released in a steady amount into the bloodstream over one to three months. The shape and size of the polymer, which is made at Hopkins, controls the release of pain medication. "Differen...
What Makes Tics Tick? Clues Found In Tourette Twins' Caudates
...ffects about 100,000 Americans with its full-blown form
and up to 0.5% of the population with milder symptoms. The researchers report on their findings in the August 30th issue of Science. In a brain imaging study of identical twins differently affected by the disorder, Daniel Weinberger, M.D., Steve...
Tacrolimus Stops Rejection Of Kidney Transplants
...n therapies-increased risk for infections or for a form
of lymphoma associated with these drugs-are excessive. Tacrolimus, however, reversed rejection in 75 percent of patients with repeated or uncontrollable rejection. It halted kidney damage in another 11 percent. Only 11 percent of patients given tacro...
Study Shows Major Savings In Supervising TB Care
..., which was the least effective and most expensive form
of therapy, according to the study. Overall, the average cost per patient treated was $13,925 for DOT, $13,959 for fixed-dose combination therapy, and $15,003 for conventional therapy. "Our findings show that health policies that seek only to save...
Stents Work Well, But Are Costly: Will Hospitals Continue To Use Them?
...recoup some of the extracosts associated with this form
of therapy." Up to 25 percent of patients who had angioplasty will need a repeatprocedure in the follow-up year, Mark said. With stenting, current evidenceis that the repeat procedure rate falls to about 16 percent, and to fullypay back the extra c...
Premature Birth Sometimes Can Adversely Affect Infant's Ties To Mother
... a barely 50 percentchance that a secure bond will form
with the children, researchers report. The findings provide new insight on how medical technology's ability tokeep increasingly younger babies alive may impact early cognitive development.Researchers gathered information about 37 babies, who weighed...
NIAID Stops AIDS Study Prematurely Because Drug 'Cocktail' Boosts Survival
...rotease enzymes from cutting up proteins needed to form
viruses, Eron explained. The envelope, or outer coating, of the virus still develops, but the core cannot, and therefore the resulting virus is not infectious. Drugs such as ZDV and 3TC work by inhibiting an enzyme called reverse transcriptase. That...
Laser Shown Effective In Patients Who Are Not Candidates For Bypass Surgery Or Angioplasty
...isease has progressed to unstable angina, a severe form
ofangina that requires emergency hospitalization and treatment in a cardiaccare unit. After six months, 37 of the 101 patients in the medical therapy groupcrossed over to the TMR arm of the trial because of unstable angina. "The mortality...
Study Shows Gum Disease Increases Risk Of Future Heart Disease
... These bacteria causes platelets to aggregate and form
clumps, or thrombi. These clumps accumulate on damaged tissue, such as lesions in the blood vessel or a heart-valve replacement, which represents a damaged area in the heart. The transplanted bacteria can cause the valve to become infected, and ...
Duke Study Uses Tiny Temperature Changes To Probe Water-Exclusion At Protein Binding Sites
...lly unfold when smaller molecules,called "ligands" form
temporary combinations, called complexes,with prot...rties.So while hydrogen can link up with oxygen to form
normal water, its heavierisotope -- deuterium -- can in turn form
"heavy" water. Normal and he...
Researchers Gain Insights Into Drugs Used For Manic-Depression
...on of bothdrugs, especially in patients who have a form
of the disease that recursfrequently. "Lithium can be very effective but it can cause gastrointestinaland kidney problems, weight gain and grogginess, making many people want tostop using it. At higher levels the drug can be highly toxic," s...
Learning From Experience: New Pattern Recognition & Detection Helps Radiologists Analyze Digital Mammograms
...- radiologists weren't takingmammograms in digital form
when Barnes began the project in 1991, andfew people had taken time to digitize what they had. Dr. DebraMonticciolo, director of breast imaging at <AHREF="http://www.emory.edu/WHSC/">Emory University School ofMedicine's Department of Radiolo...
Study Injects New Interest In How Vaccines Work
...ccines containing a small amount of aluminum-26, a form
of aluminum that is not found in nature. By incorp... along with aluminum-27 -- the naturally occurring form
of aluminum found in small amounts in human and animal tissue -- Hem was able to extrapolate how muc...
New Ultrasound Technique Is Alternative To Cerebral Angiography
...t,calcium deposits and blood clotting material can form
on the inner lining of thearteries, impeding the f...thebrain, or trigger an arterial response that may form
blood clots, leavingpatients at risk of stroke not only during the procedure but for several hoursaf...
Psychiatric Symptoms May Signal Brain Damage From Diet Pills
...t transport messenger chemicals like serotonin and form
synapses -- connections with other neurons. Fenfluramines damage serotonin-secreting neurons by pruning these axons, which do not grow back in monkeys, although studies show that they do in rodents. And since human brains are more like those of mo...
Duke Obtains FDA Designation For Pompe Disease Therapy
... in such cases. Adults can be affected by a milder form
of thedisease but are still incapacitated due to r...e clinicaltrial will test a genetically engineered form
of the enzyme, expressed ina cell line developed in the laboratory of Dr. Y.T. Chen, chief of the Di...
NIH Honors Emory Researcher With Merit Award For Work On Renin-Angiotensin System
... in the blood. The ACE enzyme converts theinactive form
of angiotensin-'antiotensin I' to angiotensin II, ...s, and in blood vessels throughoutthe body, is the form
commonly associated with control of blood pressure, butthe other form-testis ACE-is made exclusively...
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