Tag: "geographic" at medical news

Researchers say breast cancer in Africa may provide clues to the disease in African-Americans

...er 100,000 people in the West. The reason for this geographic disparity has much to do with protective behaviors that inadvertently minimize estrogen exposure, such as reproductive patterns, body build, and dietary patterns. The authors say as Africans adopt Western lifestyles, these protective behaviors are ex...

Allergen exposure in inner cities varies throughout the U.S.

...ildren living in inner cities located in different geographic locations across the United States. Skin tests were administered to 937 children with moderate to severe asthma. Allergen levels were found to vary dramatically across the inner cities studied. Among the findings: Cockroach exposure and sensitivi...

Cockroach allergens have greatest impact on childhood asthma in many US cities

...lth, is the first large-scale study to show marked geographic differences in allergen exposure and sensitivity in inner-city children. Most homes in northeastern cities had high levels of cockroach allergens, while those in the south and northwest had dust mite allergen levels in ranges known to exacerbate asth...

Study finds indoor allergen levels vary, cockroach allergens cause more asthma symptoms

...cally across the country and that there are marked geographic differences in both allergen exposure and skin test reactivity in this group of children." Asthma, a chronic lung disease, affects about 20 million Americans. Inner-city children suffer disproportionately from the disease, and exposure to high levels...

African-Americans receive less aggressive heart attack treatment

...the country, regardless of the patient's gender or geographic location. In addition, the team noted that rates of catheterization between Latinos/Hispanics and whites had grown more similar in recent years, erasing disparities that once existed. Bertoni noted that while disparities between African-Americans and...

Blacks in the South have greater risk of dying from stroke

...e to examine what is causing these racial, age and geographic differences in stroke mortality. In the third year of the study, REGARDS will develop a study group of 30,000 people to better understand the stroke mortality risk factors for those who are both African American and southerners. "Once we understand...

Views from space help oil prospectors see deep underground

...ent satellites are collected and combined within a geographic information system to yield information on accessibility, data quality, and source and receiver coupling. The process begins with a digital elevation model, available from many sources including space shuttle mapping and ESA's ERS-tandem mi...

Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood may increase HIV risk

...t, explained that HIV rates are known to differ by geographic location and that disadvantaged urban areas tend to have high rates of HIV. He said, "Past studies have shown a consistent relationship between socioeconomic status and health, but the ways in which neighborhood characteristics impact health behavior...

African Americans half as likely to receive surgery for esophageal cancer

...Patients were classified by sex, age at diagnosis, geographic region, socioeconomic status, and pre-existing health conditions. In comparison to white patients, African-American patients were slightly younger, had a lower socioeconomic status, and had more pre-existing diseases, such as heart disease and diabet...

National Academies advisory: Report assesses health implications of perchlorate exposure

...they were studies in which data were available for geographic areas, not for individuals. Relationships observed at the geographic level may not apply at the individual level, and therefore such studies cannot provide direct eviden...

Rare type of pneumonia occurring at higher than normal rate among US troops in Iraq

...ed to reveal evidence of a common source exposure, geographic clustering, person-to-person transmission, or an association with recent vaccination. Mechanical ventilation was required in 67 percent of cases for a median of 7 (range, 2-16) days. Two soldiers died; the remainder responded to corticosteroids and/o...

Prevalence of overweight increasing in young children from low-income families

...ve percent or less. The researchers did not find a geographic concentration in overweight prevalence. "In addition, national data representative of the U.S. population also showed increases in overweight prevalence over time, indicating that overweight is a national problem, not a problem exclusively associate...

Immigration & psychiatric disorders

... for age, sex, marital status, place of residence, geographic region, education, and family income, the authors examined relationships among the four comparison groups and each psychiatric disorder. They determined that, with few exceptions, risk for all the psychiatric disorders assessed was significantly grea...

Generic drug use varies widely by state, study reveals

...udy is the second Express Scripts study to examine geographic variations in prescription drug use. In 2001, Express Scripts research in geographic variation in prescription drug use found significant variation in the prevalence of use of prescript...

More than 41 million Americans need colorectal cancer screening

...national data, results may not bear out in smaller geographic areas. Assessments are underway in 15 states to take into account differences in availability of screening methods and to further guide local planning for colorectal cancer screening. "These capacity estimates provide a foundation from which p...

Initiative yields effective methods for anthrax detection; RAMP and MIDI, Inc., methods approved

... anthracis isolates representing a wide variety of geographic sources and physical variants. The specificity of the RAMP was also demonstrated in evaluations to confirm that it would not cross react with non-Bacillus anthracis bacteria. To judge the accuracy of the data generated, AOAC organized 12 laboratorie...

Socio-economic factors sway African-Americans

...ender, educational levels, age, marital status and geographic region, says Dr. Gary King, associate professor of...ative Black populations and Blacks in certain U.S. geographic regions," King says. "The data suggest that cultural preventive influences have been more effective ...

NIA establishes new demography centers to enhance knowledge about older americans

...cost effectiveness of interventions; migration and geographic concentration of older people; decision-making about retirement; pensions and savings; the relationship between health and economic status; and health disparities by gender and race. The new and existing Centers will receive approximately $6 million...

VA beats managed care for diabetes, study finds

...A medical center represents patients in a specific geographic area: Central Indiana, Northern California, Southern Texas, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and Southeastern Michigan. The study authors suggest that the VA's national system makes it easier to institute sweeping changes and to monitor whether those cha...

UW to lead most comprehensive study of air pollution and cardiovascular disease

...ity depending on such variables as wind direction, geographic features and proximity to highways or other sources of pollution. The study will use existing air quality monitors in the cities under study, but also use new monitoring networks to characterize air pollution exposures down to the level of the neighb...

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