Tag: "half" at medical news

Health Risk To "Cigarette Babies" Is Neglected, Duke Scientist Charges

...smoke don't quit during pregnancy." Although about half of smokingpregnant women report that they have qui...mulate smoking levels from two packs a day down to half a pack -- wefind that all the brain damage that occurs at growth-retarding levels ofnicotine is stil...

Athletes, Fraternity Men Are Top Drinkers

...rting with trouble, too, the report shows. Nearly half (49 percent) of women team leaders admit they binge drink, a practice followed by 47 percent of their teammates and 31 percent of college women not on athletic teams. Female players drank an average of four drinks per week, or one drink more than th...

Pioneer In Nuclear Medicine Wins Lifetime Award

...nd so was of no use in his work. (Carbon 14's long half lifeallowed researchers to study single cells in test tubes, thereby revolutionizingbiochemistry; but Wagner needed more high-energy isotopes.) He led a resurgenceof interest in the shorter-lived isotopes produced by cyclotrons, which, unlikeCarbon 1...

Abstinence Reduces HIV For High-Risk Women - Even Those Who Relapse - Study Shows

...ects. Looking at the glass ashalf full rather than half empty, they look at programs that produce anincomplete change in risky behavior not as failures but as partial - and welcome- successes. The study, "Effect of Relapse to High-Risk Behavior on the Costs and Benefits ofa Program to Screen Women for Hu...

Duke Physicians Find Intensive Radiation Therapy Can Save Lives, Improve Quality Of Life For Patients With Head And Neck Cancers

...ts per day for fiveto six weeks. At the same time, half of the 116 patients in the study alsoreceived cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil, two chemotherapy drugs commonly used totreat head and neck cancer, during the first and sixth weeks of irradiation. The researchers found the combined treatment was m...

Intervention can help reduce risky sexual behavior, according to results published in Science

...seven-session HIV risk reduction program; theother half attended a one-hour AIDS education session. One year after the intervention, the people who attended the long programreported significantly fewer unprotected sexual acts, had higher levels ofcondom use, and were more likely to use condoms consistentl...

Landmark Study Shows Behavioral Interventions Reduce HIV-Related Sexual Risk Behavior

...nterventions can cut high risk sexual behaviors in half and more thandouble regular use of condoms. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Multisite HIV Prevention Trialenrolled 3,706 men and women in 37 inner-city,community-based clinics. Those who attended HIV prevention sessions that focusedon...

About The Care Of Patients Before They Are Admitted To Intensive Care

...e 100 patients received suboptimal care and nearly half of these (48 per cent) patients died (almost twice the rate of those whose care was managed well). In addition, two thirds of the 54 patients who were not treated adequately were admitted late into intensive care. The authors discovered that the pr...

One-Time Needles Don't Reduce HIV Among Addicts, Study Shows

...he convention. Plausible But Wrong With at least half of new HIV infections in the U.S. occurring among addicts whotake drugs intravenously, methods for preventing HIV transmission via needlereuse have received considerable attention. One proposal is engineering anddistributing syringes that are not eas...

Timing Of Breast Cancer Surgery Doesn't Appear To Influence Survival Anymore

...s studies have shown that surgery during the first half of thecycle compared to the second half lengthens survival, but other studies havefailed to show an association. Some scientists have sugge...

UCSF Researchers Seeing Increased Rates Of Unprotected Sex Among San Francisco Gay Men

...ty." Research findings showed, however, that about half of the men having unprotectedsex--22 percent of the total respondents--were doing so with a partner ofunknown or different HIV status. "It's not negotiated safety," said Ekstrand. "If there is any negotiation goingon, it's negotiated danger." Osmond...

Anti-Migraine Drugs Might Cause More Pain Than Relief For Those With Heart Disease

... the concentration of the drug required to achieve half of that maximumcontraction. These values were compared to the maximum concentrations of thedrugs in the blood and given a ratio. "As far as we can predict, the compound's action is quite similar in thecoronary arteries," MaassenVanDenBrink says. B...

Research Explains Lithium's Dual Anti-Manic/Anti-Depressive Effect

...levated levels areresponsible for mania. Nearly a half century ago, Australian psychiatrist John F. Cade discoveredlithium's mood-stabilizing effect. It has long been the drug of choice intreating bipolar disorder, which affects approximately 2.5 million Americans.Despite some side effects, lithium usual...

UNC-CH Researchers Learning Ways To Help Black Women Cope With HIV

...e their feelings andconcerns. About half the women receive in-home visits, while the others in acontrol group receive only standard care. So far, 71 women have been recruited. "We collect mental and physical health information from all participantsbefore and after the intervention,...

Early Medical Abortion With Mifepristone (RU 486) And Misoprostol Is Highly Acceptable To American Women

...een adequately explainedthrough counseling, almost half of them said their experience had differed fromwha...men who had had aprevious surgical abortion--about half of the total sample of women--said medicalabortion was more satisfactory than their earlier experien...

Infants With Eye Problem Sought For NIH-Sponsored Study Of Congenital Esotropia

...binocular vision (depth perception), and more than half of them requiremultiple surgeries. Recent studies show that early intervention before 6 months of age mayresult in high-grade binocular vision. This current NIH study is designed tolearn more about the natural course of congenital esotropia in youngi...

Doctors Are Underprescribing Key Blood Pressure Drug In Heart Attack Patients Most Likely To Benefit, Study Says

...owever, the researchers also report that less than half of the patients most inneed of the drug received it. "If the American College of Cardiology/AmericanHeart Association guidelines had been followed in the treatment of the 75,173patients in the study with congestive heart failure or left ventricular ...

The Health Consequences Of Nuclear Arms Trade In The Subcontinent Should Not Be Overlooked

...south Asia." He notes that the region boasts over half of all the malnourished children in the world and with high infant mortality and a lack of basic facilities for health and education he finds the diversion of scarce economic resources to weapons of mass destruction even more incongruous. Professor B...

Mini-Pill Increases Risk Of Chronic Diabetes In Women With History Of Diabetes During Pregnancy

...cat LAC+USC Women's and Children's Hospital, about half chose to use hormonaloral contraceptives and half chose a non-hormonal contraceptives. Of the womenopting to take birth control pills, 383 were prescr...

Need For Artery Operation Exceeds Treatment Rate

...s week's BMJ shows that in one English region only half the people in need of the treatment actually get it. Stroke is the third commonest cause of death in the UK and the commonest cause of physical disability. Ferris et al looked at all patients in the former Wessex Regional Health Authority who had ha...

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(Date:10/31/2014)... for low back pain caused by spinal stenosis varies ... a new report says. "Nearly 80 percent of ... in their lives, and about 30 million people a ... co-author Brook Martin, of the Dartmouth Institute of Health ... release. In spinal stenosis, thickening of tissue surrounding ...
(Date:10/31/2014)... News) -- Obesity increases the risk of certain types ... two new U.S. studies show. One study of ... obese increased the risk for estrogen receptor-negative and progesterone ... this for a long time for white women, but ... study author Esther John, a senior research scientist at ...
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(Date:10/31/2014)... have invented a lab device to give cancer researchers ... that tumor cells spread through the body, causing more ... on precisely how tumor cells travel, the device could ... The inventors, from the university,s Whiting School of Engineering ... images from their new system recently in the journal ...
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