Tag: "higher" at medical news
Gender a factor in who gets bypass surgery
...r 40s. Medical literature has typically reported a higher
risk of mortality among women patients, but always in comparison to men. "For purposes of women's decision making, mortality risk should be considered as it is assessed among and referenced to women with comparable medical profiles," advises the aut...
Both inherited traits and tumor mutations affect response to treatment of leukemia
...fects if leukemic cells have genetics indicating a higher
risk of relapse than if the leukemia cells indicat... synthase (TYMS), predicted which children were at higher
risk of bone marrow relapse. Children with at least one or two copies of the GSTM1 gene inherited fr...
Increasing physician volume requirement could improve mammogram accuracy, study concludes
...pret 2,500 to 4,000 mammograms annually and have a higher
screening focus have 50% fewer false-positive diagnoses (168 versus 320 per 2,500 examinations) and miss about one cancer per 2,500 examinations. "Most factors that influence the sensitivity of mammography are not easily modified, e.g., a woman's age...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2005 (first issue)
...wed from birth to age 26, overweight, expressed as higher
body mass index, was significantly associated with asthma wheeze in females, but not in males. The investigators found that the association between high body mass index (BMI) and asthma occurred in females who became overweight during late adolescen...
Other highlights in the March 2 JNCI
...participation rate in the sigmoidoscopy groups was higher
in men than in women and lower among subjects ages... a choice between screening methods did not have a higher
screening participation rate than subjects who were not given a choice. Contacts: Article: Nereo Se...
Older women can benefit from chemotherapy to treat breast cancer
... were attributed to treatment, and older women had higher
treatment-related mortality. Older women and younger women derived similar reductions in breast cancer mortality and recurrence from regimens containing more chemotherapy." "Our study adds to the increasing number of trials that suggest that older p...
Folic acid and vitamin B12 decrease risk of hip fracture in stroke patients
...lthy peers. Researchers believe this may be due to higher
levels of plasma homocysteine (an amino acid) in stroke patients, which may be associated with osteoporosis and the risk of a hip fracture. Homocysteine levels may be decreased by treatment with folic acid and vitamin B12. Yoshihiro Sato, M.D., from...
Fewer false alarms when mammographers have greater experience screening healthy breasts
...ll and who have been reading them longer develop a higher
threshold for identifying cancer and overall do better. Those who read a higher
proportion of diagnostic mammograms, they say, may tend to develop a lower threshold, expecting a hi...
LA BioMed medical/research briefs March 2005
... of non-ovulating infertility and females are at a higher
risk than men for the extreme manifestations of fatty liver disease such as cirrhosis and liver carcinoma. Omid Khorran M.D., Ph.D. a principal investigator at LA BioMed and Director, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Fertility at Harbor-UC...
Natural mentors help mold lives of teens, study says
...st year, as well as a lower level of risk taking; higher
levels of self-esteem and life satisfaction; a greater level of physical activity, as well as regular use of birth control. However, there was no evidence that natural mentors have an impact on other outcomes, including binge drinking, drug use and ...
Major review of subway systems suggests potential for significant health and safety hazards
...e in the 1970s, and in some cases, the levels were higher
than recommended by health experts. She notes, "While many riders try and deal with the noise by putting their fingers into their ears, this unfortunately offers little protection, and ear plugs would be only slightly better." Subways also present a...
Adverse drug events in nursing homes are far more common than previously identified
...und the rate of adverse drug events was five times higher
in the academic facilities than in the community-b...nd its on-site research and training programs. The higher
rates of adverse events at those facilities give researchers reason for concern. "We now believe tha...
Schepens scientists regenerate optic nerve for the first time
...restored," says Chen, "but we believe that an even higher
percentage actually regenerated." The next step for Chen and her colleagues is to determine if the regenerated optic nerves were functional. In other words, did they cause the mice to see again? Chen also believes that this combination BCL-2 and scar...
Cancer in patients with hepatitis C
...e infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) have a higher
risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and mult...ous studies have shown that people with HCV have a higher
risk of developing cirrhosis and liver cancer, however, studies of the association between HCV and o...
NYU Child Study Center receives grant from the American Red Cross September 11 recovery program
...gram are experiencing levels of distress two times higher
than national norms." Cloitre added, "Studies show that symptom severity in children is strongly associated with maternal mental health problems. This September 11 recovery grant from the American Red Cross Liberty Disaster Relief Fund will allow t...
Psychiatric disorders greatly underdiagnosed in hospital emergency departments
...disorders among African Americans to be as high or higher
than the rate among Caucasians," according to the authors. The authors also note that the observed race disparity may be limited to emergency departments that have a predominantly African American census. To get a better understanding of the und...
Diabetes a bigger heart disease risk for women than for men
... found that men with diabetes had about 90 percent higher
risk of dying from CHD as men without diabetes. Women with diabetes had more than two and a half times the risk of women without diabetes. That translates to a greater than 50 percent excess relative risk for women than for men, he said. The data ca...
How often should women get mammograms?
...rtality reduction of 26 percent. Women who have a higher
breast cancer risk because of their family history are advised to begin mammography at an early age. Using the model, say the researchers, health care providers can determine when to schedule mammograms depending on the amount of a woman's extra risk...
Many postmenopausal women with cardiovascular disease don't use lifesaving aspirin therapy
...70 percent of the women taking aspirin were on the higher
dose of 325 mg daily, when research suggests that 81mg is just as effective and has fewer side effects, Berger said. Women who were on Medicaid were 40 percent less likely to be using aspirin therapy than those who were not on Medicaid. And black wo...
Lead in the environment causes violent crime, reports University of Pittsburgh researcher at AAAS
...one lead levels in 190 adjudicated delinquents was higher
than normal controls. The results indicated that between 18 and 38 percent of all delinquency in Pennsylvania's Allegheny County, which includes Pittsburgh, could be due to lead. Additionally, a number of recent studies have shown a strong relationsh...
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