Tag: "identified" at medical news
Gene for age-related macular degeneration discovered by Yale researchers
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have identified
a gene for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) on a region of chromosome 1, leading the way for targeted treatment for this widespread eye disease that causes blindness in millions of people. The study, led by Josephine Hoh, assistant professor i...
Sex selection popular among infertile women
...ction. The President's Commission on Bioethics has identified
sex selection as a topic of concern. The Commission briefly addressed the issue in their 2004 report, "Reproduction and Responsibility: The Regulation of New Biotechnologies." The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Internatio...
Breakthrough in medical research: New chemotherapy gives hope to brain tumour patients
...spital in Torono, Ontario/Canada. "This study also identified
MGMT the first clinically relevant molecular marker for glioblastoma which not only serves as a prognositic factor for survival, but also as a predictor for response to chemotherapy. This observation paves the way for using the unique tumor genetic s...
Computerized order entry systems can increase risk of medication errors
...on the article. Prescribing errors are the largest identified
source of preventable hospital medical error. Comp...en. Use of multiple qualitative and survey methods identified
and quantified error risks not previously considered, offering many opportunities for error reductio...
Is your job giving you a heart attack? Occupational health conference answers that, and more
... Finegan of the University of Western Ontario have identified
how job stress levels can be a predictor of burnou.... In a study observing 192 nurses, the researchers identified
how high psychological demands and low levels of decision-making authority are directly related to w...
Panacea or Pandora's box
...cy leaders, and administrators. As a result, they identified
22 discreet ways in which medication-errors were facilitated by the CPOE system they studied. The significance of their findings, notes Koppel, is to serve as a wake-up call to those who would believe that hospital IT systems -- such as computerized...
Mouse gene shows new mechanism behind cardiac infarction in man
...or decreases the level of atherosclerosis has been identified
in mice. The corresponding human gene has been sho...velopment of arteriosclerosis. The TNFSF4 gene was identified
as the one responsible, as mice with mutations in this gene displayed a lower degree of atherosclero...
College students at no greater risk of alcohol-related problems than peers
...le, binge drinking among college students has been identified
as a major public health problem by the U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. A recent report estimated that alcohol is involved in about 1,400 student deaths, 500,000 injuries, 600,000 assaults, and 70,000 sexual...
Study finds drug eluting stents as effective as vascular brachytherapy in preventing restenosis
... received SES for ISR. The Emory researchers also identified
99 patients in the Emory cardiac databank who received VB as treatment of ISR between July of 2003 and January of 2004. These patients were contacted by telephone 4 to 8 months following their VB for a phone interview about their cardiac symptoms and...
Proteins found in urine of pregnant women could help diagnose preeclampsia
...n. The ratio between two of the proteins correctly identified
all the women who had severe preeclampsia. "It will take several years to develop a new diagnostic test," said Buhimschi. "Many factors are present in the serum and blood, but only the relationship between them has diagnostic significance." The prote...
Study shows faces are processed like words
...d words are recognized differently, that faces are identified
by wholes, whereas words and other objects are identified
by parts. However, Marialuisa Martelli, Najib Majaj, and Denis Pelli, three neuroscientists from Ne...
Curious female rats survive tumors longer
...and pituitary tumors over their lifespan but those identified
as more curious during infancy/early childhood lived longer than the cautious ones. The difference in life span was comparable to several human years. The same rats' stress hormones were also measured after being placed briefly in a new tunnel.The ca...
Both inherited traits and tumor mutations affect response to treatment of leukemia
...ut the brakes on this accelerator gene. Previously identified
risk factors for relapse included genetic mutations in the leukemia itself (BCR-ABL, MLL-AF4 or E2A-PBX1), a poor response to the early treatment and a very high number of white blood cells at diagnosis. The polymorphisms in GSTM1 alone or in combina...
'Smart' immune cells kill more cancer
...e T-cells' cancer-killing mode. The marrow T-cells identified
not only mature myeloma cells but the primitive cells responsible for the disease. Activated bone marrow T-cells stopped the growth of 86 percent of myeloma stem cell colonies compared to 47 percent for activated t-cells taken from circulating blood...
Fewer false alarms when mammographers have greater experience screening healthy breasts
... the more experienced physicians not only properly identified
cancer, they also were 50 percent less likely to f...physicians who read a greater number of mammograms identified
cancers without mistaking normal tissue for a malignancy with greater accuracy than physicians whose...
LRRK2 gene mutation causes Parkinson's disease in several families
...e discovered that a novel mutation in the recently identified
LRRK2 gene causes parkinsonism in several North Am... healthy control individuals. Subsequent screening identified
several patients with sporadic Parkinson's disease (i.e. no family history) who were positive for th...
Influenza vaccination programmes for children in USA and Canada based on little evidence
...on (Cochrane Vaccines Field, Italy) and colleagues identified
and assessed 25 comparative studies that evaluated...mber of studies. Dr Jefferson concludes: "We have identified
a large dataset showing reasonable quality evidence of efficacy of influenza vaccines in children ag...
Infectious microorganism linked to kidney stones and other diseases
...vel self-replicating, mineralizing agent, has been identified
by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) scientists as a potential culprit in kidney stone formation among astronauts. With the potential for future exploratory space missions to the moon and Mars, longer missions, and exposure to the ...
Adverse drug events in nursing homes are far more common than previously identified
... 2001, respectively) During that time, researchers identified
815 adverse drug events which caused injury to the...Dr. Gurwitz's team published a similar study which identified
adverse drug events in community-based nursing homes. The current study found the rate of adverse dr...
Plant derivative attacks the roots of leukemia
...ing with University of Kentucky chemists, who have identified
a water-soluble molecule that has the same propert...ancer stem cells. In recent years, scientists have identified
cancer stems cells in blood cancers and in brain and breast tumors although the idea that cancer st...
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